• Virtualbox vbox not starting "No suitable module for running kernel found"


    If you've just installed VBox and it is not starting or working, the most common problem is usually that you don't have your kernel source installed, which means there is no kernel driver for vbox so it can't work. So the first thing you should do is install your kernel source by running this: sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r` Then install the dkms/kernel module for vbox sudo apt-get install virtu........
  • Bind / named not responding to queries solution


    By default bind will not respond to outside queries for security reasons. In most distributions you will find the default in /etc/named.conf looks like this at the top under options: listen-on port 53 { 127.0.0.1; }; listen-on-v6 port 53 { ::1; }; directory "/var/named";........
  • Ubuntu/Gnome/Mint/Centos How To Take a partial screenshot


    By default printscreen or alt print screen will get the whole desktop or the application in focus, respectively. But what if you want to select a portion of the screen? gnome-screenshot: ksnapshot compiz This is a nicely integrated solution sudo apt-get install compizconfig-s........
  • Cisco IP Phone CP-8845 8800/8900 Series How To Reset To Factory Settings Instructions


    This would be crucial especially if the phone is hardened, not being able to reset or change settings could prevent a phone registering in a new environment or even when migrating from office to office. Here is Cisco's guide (timing is everything and it is more tricky than trying to jail break your iPhone): Step 1 -- While powering up the phone, press and hold #. Step 2 -- When the light on the mute button and h........
  • How to encrypt your SSH private key file id_rsa


    ssh-keygen -p -f /path/to/your/id_rsa Enter new passphrase (empty for no passphrase): After that your rsa private key will be encrypted which is a layer of protection and security in the event that somehow someone acquires your key and tries to access servers that the key is authorized on.........
  • Firefox Cannot Hit Enter Key In Address Bar and Location History Not Working


    Opening Firefox from the CLI reveals the following as the cause of the error: Query failed: Error: Error(s) encountered during statement execution: no such table: moz_favicons The symptoms of this issue are that in the address bar you cannot hit enter to browse to a site/url/address and your history cannot be accessed, nor does your history show up in the address bar when typing previously used addresses. This usually happens because you've........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP 8.6,10,12 Install Error Solution


    Install Errors on Version 12: This error happened on QEMU emulator version 2.11.1 pve-qemu-kvm_2.11.1-5 on Proxmox/Debian but installing on QEMU.12 on Centos 6 did not produce the error. *Update it is not related to the OS or QEMU version. This happened in Centos 6 too after a second install. What really causes this even though you successfully install........
  • Ubuntu Debian Mint Linux SSHD OpenSSH Server Not Starting After Reboot Solution


    If you get error messages like this it is usually because /var/run/sshd does not exist. root@userbox:/# service sshd status ‚óŹ ssh.service - OpenBSD Secure Shell server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/ssh.service; enabled; vendor preset: enab Active: failed (Result: start-limit-hit) since Wed 2019-04-10 02:24:44 EDT; 1 Process: 511 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/sshd -t (code=exited, status=255)........
  • bind / named how to make a wildcard record and retain defined A records


    It is almost as intuitive as we would like it is just a *. So literally: *INA 127.0.0.1 Complete working bind zonefile below: $TTL 86400 @ IN SOA ns.rtt.ca. ns2.rtt.ca. ( 1247605715; Serial &n........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 Install Errors on Proxmox/KVM


    The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs. qemu-kvm command: /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -version QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard ........
  • Windows 7, 8, 10, Windows Server 2008, 2012, 2016, 2019 How To AC97 Audio Drivers and Other Unsigned Drivers


    Oops did you get this error trying to install an oldschool driver and think it is hopeless in a new version of Windows? First of all it is almost never a program compatibility issue: ........
  • tftp Linux xinetd verbose logging


    It is much more useful to have meaningful and detailed logging from tftp to see what is or isn't happening especially for VOIPand other embedded device appications: Edit the file: vi /etc/xinetd.d/tftp Change the server line like this: server_args = -s /var/lib/tftpboot........
  • Linux How To Disable SATA NCQ For Better Performance


    This is the closest way to disabling it without using the "libata.force=noncq" kernel boot option is to set the queue to a depth of 1 which doesn't actually disable it. Change the sdc below to match the device you want to disable NCQ for. [root@officebox ~]# echo "1" > /sys/block/sdc/device/queue_depth Errors that indicate you are having a performance issue are these in messages or dmesg relating to N........
  • WebRTC Vulnerability Shows Local IP Address Even When Using a Proxy or VPN Firefox Fix And Disable Solution


    If you visit a site that exploits the WebRTC vulnerability including whatismyipaddress.com it may show "Local IP Address" which would be the real IP of your machine. The vulnerability works on Windows and Linux machines (contrary to false information on the web which claims it only affects Windows). The above works and happens even if you are using a proxy or VPNaccount like ProVPNAccounts.com It is easy........
  • qemu-kvm qemu-system Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw. Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted. Specify the 'ra


    WARNING: Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw. Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted. Specify the 'raw' format explicitly to remove the restrictions. #you should manually specify the format q........
  • Debian / Mint / Ubuntu net-tools packages provides netstat, ifconfig, route, arp and other classic network admin tools


    The net-tools command brings back all of the oldschool tools that we're used to: /bin/netstat /sbin/ifconfig /sbin/ipmaddr /sbin/iptunnel /sbin/mii-tool /sbin/nameif /sbin/plipconfig /sbin/rarp........
  • Linux Mint XWindows Ubuntu MATE or Cinnamon How To Restart The GUI / Graphics / Session if it freezes without losing current windows or programs


    Uh oh, so you're working on some super l33t code or other stuff that is super important and Linux Mint's MATE or Cinnamon window manager freezes. This means maybe you can move your mouse but you can't click anything, you can't Alt + Tab to another program but everything appears to be working other than that. The first thing you would do is Ctrl + Alt + F1 (or whatever virtual terminal you want) and get into the Linux bash prompt (the black screen where things really happen :))........
  • How to install and setup LXC Containers (OpenVZ alternative) on Centos 6 / 7


    If you don't aleady have it, you'll need EPEL Install LXC yum -y install lxc lxc-templates Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Setting up Install Process Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirror.it.ubc.ca * epel: mirrors.kernel.org * extras: mirror.it.ubc.ca * updates:........
  • Cisco CUCM Unified Communication Manager Howto Guide and Tutorials


    Shutdown/restart the actual server utils system shutdown utils system restart show hostname show myself change set or reset password set password user [username] set hostname set network hostname service management........
  • ssh reverse proxy to enable remote access behind a LAN and firewall


    So say you are behind a typical NAT/LAN setup whether at home, work or while travelling. What if you have a computer or server that you need to connect to from the outside? Yes you could use a VPN but a quick and dirty, temporary and secure way is to use SSH's Reverse Tunneling Proxy feature. Requirements On the remote ssh server host you need the GatewayPorts option enabled in sshd_config (be........
  • Cisco 2960 Switch Reset To Factory Defaults


    *The easy way is to just hold the mode button for 10+ seconds. The full/proper way is below: 1.) Either power on the unit and hold the "mode" button or hold the "mode" button until you see the below: 00:04:08: %SYS-7-NV_BLOCK_INIT: Initalized the geometry of nvram 00:04:08: %EXPRESS_SETUP-6-CONFIG_IS_RESET: The configuration is reset and the system will now reboot 00:04:09: %SYS-5-REL........
  • How To Boot Cisco CUCM UCSInstall 8.6, 10, 11 and 12 on KVM/Proxmox


    The key thing is that you must use a "machine"id of "pc-1.3" or it will say your hardware is not supported. Additionally you MUST use a virtio disk or you will get a ks_pre.sh error as soon as the install starts (a look at logs will show it can't find a disk). This is funny because even though the OS finds the disk and an fdisk -l shows it, it looks like the script looks for a /dev/vda device (virtio) and nothing else, so if you didn't use Virtio as you........
  • proxmox vm networking breaks when you restart your network on the hostnode


    Idid a systemctl restart networking and it broke Proxmox VM connectivity! #proxmox is the problem after restarting the network the tap devices go to disabled state [2230884.919905] vmbr0: port 7(tap118i0) entered disabled state [2230884.948864] vmbr0: port 8(tap122i0) entered disabled state [2230884.972748] vmbr0: port 6(tap119i0) entered disabled state [2230885.004745] vmbr0: port 5(tap117i0) entered disabled state [2230885.03673........
  • Centos 7 Reallocate logical volume space to another


    Do you hate how Centos 7 defaults to allocating most of your valuable space to /home even though it is a production server? Here is a quick guide on how to take back that space live, while online (of course make sure you have backups just in case something goes wrong!): First we will reduce our home dir by 100G: lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home WARNING: Reducing active and open logical volume to ........
  • lvm how to reduce volume size


    lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home Do you really want to reduce centos/home? [y/n]: y Size of logical volume centos/home changed from ........
  • SSH error cannot Forward or Listen "bind: Cannot assign requested address"


    debug1: Local connections to LOCALHOST:18006 forwarded to remote address 192.168.1.93:8006 debug1: Local forwarding listening on 127.0.0.1 port 18006. debug1: channel 0: new [port listener] debug1: Local forwarding listening on ::1 port 18006. bind: Cannot assign requested address What we are seeing is that we can't listen on an IPV6 address of ::1. We need to tell SSH to stop using IPV6 so we'll edit ssh_config to take care of this issue........
  • X11 SSH Linux Forwarding Error


    Jan 30 17:16:10 localhost sshd[25385]: error: Failed to allocate internet-domain X11 display socket. The solution for me on the server side was the following in sshd_config: AddressFamily inet *Remember to restart sshd and also reconnect from the client side. Ihad all the normal X11 settings on the server but it just stopped........
  • mdadm force resync when resync=PENDING solution


    cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] [multipath] [raid0] [raid1] [raid10] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] md127 : active (auto-read-only) raid10 sdc1[0] sdb1[2] 1953382400 blocks super 1.2 512K chunks 2 far-copies [2/1] [U_] resync=PENDING bitmap: 15/15 pages [60KB], 65536KB chunk Solution force repai........
  • Proxmox Breaks Storage/LVM Backing If Killing QEMU-IMG


    I tried to stop a qemu-img copy or clone and it broke everything. It was fine to "stop" it from the GUI but a process still persisted so I killed the relevant qemu-img and the kernel went crazy. It also may not have helped that I tried to lvremove a different volume (an unused disk). But either way it breaks LVM (you cannot even run lvdisplay) so a reboot is necessary. Jan 17 06:45:21 testserver kernel: [ 5680.439337] systemd-udevd D 0&nbs........
  • Proxmox trying to acquire lock... TASK ERROR: can't lock file '/var/lock/qemu-server/lock-102.conf' - got timeout


    If Proxmox won't start aVM with an error like this: trying to acquire lock... TASK ERROR: can't lock file '/var/lock/qemu-server/lock-102.conf' - got timeout rm /var/lock/qemu-server/lock-102.conf Then try to restart the VM and it should be good.........
  • Debian 9 SSH root password authentication failure password not working problem / solution


    In Debian a lot of times SSH disables the root user to login by password by default. This means you will get an authentication failure as if you typed in the wrong password. The logs also indicate the password is wrong but what is often the case is in the config file Check /etc/ssh/sshd_config cat /etc/ssh/sshd_config|grep -i permitrootlogin Make sure it says: PermitRootLogin yes If not change it and restart SSH........
  • /etc/iproute2/rt_tables default settings file in Linux Centos 6,7 and most other NIX's


    This should apply to most Linux distributions just incase you get into trouble or wipe out the defaults by accident. /etc/iproute2/rt_tables # # reserved values # 255 local 254 main 253 default 0 unspec # # local # #1 inr.ruhep........
  • bind named error solutions named[2169]: error (no valid DS) resolving / error (broken trust chain) resolving / : error (no valid RRSIG) resolving 'com/DS/IN':


    Below are the common errors you'll get with named AKA bind if your time is incorrect. The simplest solution is to install and run ntpd to correct your system's time (install ntpd if it is not installed) systemctl start ntpd systemctl enable ntpd Dec 20 13:36:16 hostingbox named[2169]: error (no valid DS) resolving 'develop.waxrain.com/A/IN': 14.215.150.17#53........
  • iptables how to log ALL dropped incoming packets


    A lot of people just have a -j DROP to drop all unwanted traffic or traffic not explicitly allowed but there is a better solution if you want real and proper logging: Take an example iptables rules file -A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -i eth1 -p icmp -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -i eth1 -j ACCEPT -N LOGGING -A INPUT -j LOGGING -A LOGGING -j LOG --log-pre........
  • Linux partprobe/partx cannot access last and 4th partition


    On a test machine Iwas never able to access to a newly created 4th partiton. As we can see there are dev devices for everything but the 4th partition. The normal "partprobe" or "kpartx" or kernel being told to rescan the block device didn't help (only a reboot did). fdisk -l /dev/sda Disk /dev/sda: 750.2 GB, 750156374016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 91201 cylinders Units........
  • DRBD Errors Caused By Physical Corruption


    In a RAID array I had a have periodically lost a drive here and there over the past several months. Iwas always able to readd and resync without losing data. However at some point it looks like some minor corruption happened and this makes DRBD unhappy. Using fsck did not help either. Dec 19 06:01:45 storageboxtest4 kernel: [19005.945890] EXT3-fs error (device drbd0): ext3_get_inode_loc: unable to read inode block - inode=22184379........
  • Centos 6 / 7 / 8 How To Change Default nameservers in /etc/resolv.conf when using DHCP / dhclient


    First we need to create dhclient.conf if it doesn't exist or edit it: vi /etc/dhclient/dhclient.conf #add this line at the top add the IPs as commas they will be the highest priority nameservers and whatever your ISP gives you will be used after these one (good for DNS backup) prepend domain-name-servers 127.0.0.1,10.10.25.8; After you restart your network or run dhclient again you should see the contents of........
  • Debian Linux Mint Ubuntu iptables save and restore settings automatically onboot and reboot


    First you need the "iptables-persistent" package. This gives you an init script that loads your settings from /etc/iptables/rules.v4 and rules.v6 When you install it, it wll save your default setings in /etc/iptables. sudo apt-get install iptables-persistent........
  • Why SMART is not smart at all and doesn't properly predict disk errors that cause a kernel panic or crash


    Before getting into the output here is my typical experience with SMART, there is what I call a "bad disk" with pending and uncorrectable sectors that cannot be reallocated. It has caused a kernel panic and system crash repeatedly as we can see from the logs. But SMART says it has "PASSED" its self assessment. SMART is still useful to me but it is more about looking at Current_Pending_Sector. Any time I have had anything but 0 for that attribute it........
  • iSCSI on Centos 7 Configuration and Setup Guide for Initiator and Target


    initiator = client target = server These are the first concepts you should understand which is that in iscsi essentially the "initiator" is the client and the "target" is the server. iSCSI is derived from the old fashioned SCSI that us oldtimers grew to love. The "i" stands for Internet and the SCSI stands for "Small Computers Systems Interface" (SCSI). iSCSI Target (Server)Setup targetcli is the pac........
  • How Does Cisco CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) Work?


    Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments. Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
  • bash how to print out lines of text within a range from the first occurrence


    #get line number of occurrence in text file and then print out x lines from that point #get the line number of the first occurrence of our search text linenumber=`grep -n "someuniqueitem" inventory.txt|head -n1|cut -d ":" -f 1` #linestop represents how many lines after the occurring line we want to print out in this case "20" linestop=$((linenumber+20)) # sed prints out the line range we want f........
  • systemd management using systemctl and journalctl to check systemd logs


    systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system. The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following: Unit Commands: list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units &nbs........
  • Linux What is umask (user mask) for file and directory creation permissions and how to calculate umask and change the defaults


    umask are the default permissions that are applied when a file or directory are created. To see this in action simply just "touch filename" or "mkdir somedir" and you'll see what default permissions are applied. The first thing Ialways tell people you should know is to NEVER change the defaults unless you are making them more restrictive. But they work well and if you change the defaults you could end up creating a file without permission to read........
  • AMD Set Fan Speed and Other Powerplay Memory/CPU Timings with a Linux script


    You can do other things but this particular script is just to set all AMD cards to 80% fan speed (remember this script needs to applied everytime you reboot). You could set it is a cron or just throw it into /etc/rc.local basepath=/sys/class/drm for hwmon in `ls -1 /sys/class/drm|grep card[0-99]$`; do echo card=$hwmon; hwmonname=`ls $basepath/$hwmon/device/hwmon|grep hwmon[0-99]` hwmonpath=$basepath/$hwmon/device/hwmon/$hwmonname echo "ec........
  • genisoimage errors with long filenames and deep directory structures


    You'll have to violate the iso9660 standards but it is necessary if you want to preserve your filesystem and filenames and shouldn't be an issue as long as you are using a modern OS like Linux. genisoimage -o Backup-Myfiles.iso -r -J -joliet-long /some/path/ You will get errors like below (even enabling joliet-long didn't help) genisoimage: Error: /some/filename.pdf have the same Joliet name Joliet tree sort failed. The -joliet-lo........
  • HP DL385 G7 Linux BIOS Update Flash


    wget https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe --2018-08-16 05:11:16-- https://downloads.linux.hpe.com/repo/spp/rhel/6/x86_64/current/CP017004.scexe Resolving downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)... 15.249.152.85 Connecting to downloads.linux.hpe.com (downloads.linux.hpe.com)|15.249.152.85|:443... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1525561 (1.5........
  • hwloc-nox set CPU affinity in Linux


    sudo apt-get install hwloc-nox Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following NEW packages will be installed: hwloc-nox 0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 530 not upgraded. Need to get 151 kB of archives. After this operation, 453 kB of additional disk space will be used. Get:1 http://archive.ubuntu.com/ubunt........
  • Proxmox understanding the directory structure and why an NFS datastore appears to be missing files/isos


    Proxmox at the root of your storage creates and "images"and "templates/iso" folder for VM images and iso's respectively. It ignores files in any other location.........
  • Proxmox error uploading an iso solution


    Error 0 occurred while receiving the document root@vh1:/var/tmp# wget http://mirror.compevo.com/proxmox/proxmox-ve_5.2-1.iso --2018-08-30 16:27:37-- http://mirror.compevo.com/proxmox/proxmox-ve_5.2-1.iso Resolving mirror.compevo.com (mirror.compevo.com)... 103.25.61.44 Connecting to mirror.compevo.com (mirror.compevo.com)|103.25.61.44|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 641517568 (612M) [application/o........
  • Cannot install moodle


    After starting the install it stalls here: admin/index.php?cache=0&agreelicense=1&confirmrelease=1&lang=en If you manually refresh you get a Plugins check screen: Installation System Moodle second step fails just blank screen: https://domain.la/user/editadvanced.php?id=2 Solution: give up and choose something else it shouldn't be thi........
  • MySQL change for Antelope format to Barracuda error solution


    Your database uses Antelope as the file format. Full UTF-8 support in MySQL and MariaDB requires the Barracuda file format. Please switch to the Barracuda file format. See the documentation MySQL full unicode support for details. In /etc/my.cnf under [mysqld] 180827 21:43:14 InnoDB: 5.5.59 started; log sequence number 1589339 180827 21:43:14 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: unknown variable 'db_file_format=Ba........
  • Supermicro IPMI / KVM / BMC Remote Console Screen Resizing Issue - Window Cut Off Solution


    It could just be my specific Java but other KVM/IP works ok on my machine but with Supermicro's IPMI for some reason the console window doesn't resize and even putting it in full screen leaves the window cut off as shown below: As you can see above the screen is cut off you can't see the "Iagree" on the right side. The window resi........
  • Debian/Ubuntu/Mint Linux How To Set VLAN in /etc/network/interfaces


    You can find many ways to specify the VLANin your network configuration but Ifind this is the simplest and quickest. In this case we are talking about a bridged adapter "vmbr0" but it works even if you just had a normal non-bridged interface. The key here is that in vmbr0 you'll notice there is no IP address. We just specify "manual". Below it is a similar stanza for "vmbr0.58" in this case 58 represents the VLAN (change........
  • PHP Displaying Blank Page on Apache


    Almost always the reason will be that the php.so file is missing but also that php.conf is misconfigured. In the problem machine it is actually PHP7 installed so if you reference PHP5 of course things wil be broken! Take for example here: cat /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf # # PHP is an HTML-embedded scripting language which attempts to make it # easy for developers to write dynamica........
  • PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so: undefined symbol: GeoIP_country_code_by_name_v6 in Unknown on line 0


    PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so: undefined symbol: GeoIP_country_code_by_name_v6 in Unknown on line 0 Solution: Edit geoip.ini vi /etc/php.d/geoip.ini Comment out the .so like so: ;extension=geoip.so service httpd restart........
  • VMWare ESXi 6.7 SSH/PowerShell CLI Commands


    [root@localhost:~] BootModuleConfig.sh echo host-ind nfcd........
  • VMWare Vsphere VCSA Graphical Install Creates json


    yes it does create its own json ============================================ cat /tmp/vcsaUiInstaller/ovftool-20180809-175238948-20180809-175603497.log |grep -i json 2018-08-09T17:56:04.238-07:00 verbose OVFTool[30966] [Originator@6876 sub=Default] Manifest file entry: SHA1(VMware-vCenter-Server-Appliance-6.7.0.12000-8832884_OVF10-file1.json) = 1deb658c724767697587d5909c4051c01813e6a1 --> ........
  • qemu-img resize howto


    The Correct Way To Resize In Place qemu-img resize kvmuserwindows2008dcetest.img +1G Image resized. Below is a common mistake that some users make they are trying to specify a new image name but it can be resized in place (just make sure the VMis NOT running and you've backed up the data in case something goes wrong). qemu-img resize kvmuser453111.img kvmuser453111-larger.img +5G New i........
  • Debian Mint Ubuntu compiling xmr-stak


    sudo apt-get install libcurl4-openssl-dev git build-essential autotools-dev autoconf libcurl3 sudo apt-get install libcurl4-gnutls-dev git clone https://github.com/wolf9466/cpuminer-multi sudo apt-get install cmake libpthread-* libmicrohttpd-dev libssl-dev libhwloc-dev git clone https://github.com/fireice-uk/xmr-stak-cpu.git make install cd bin chmod +x xmr-stak-cpu ./xmr-stak -O xmr........
  • migration/4 migration 4 is using too much CPU


    top - 13:02:52 up 603 days, 19:19, 2 users, load average: 5.01, 4.15, 3.44 Tasks: 604 total, 5 running, 599 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie Cpu(s): 17.7%us, 36.1%sy, 0.0%ni, 42.0%id, 4.1%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.2%si, 0.0%st Mem: 16278908k total, 4269684k used, 12009224k free, 119672k buffers Swap: 8k total, ........
  • convert.im6: Unknown field with tag 317 (0x13d) encountered. `TIFFReadDirectory' @ warning/tiff.c/TIFFWarnings/788.


    convert "file.TIF" "resize.jpg" convert.im6: Unknown field with tag 317 (0x13d) encountered. `TIFFReadDirectory' @ warning/tiff.c/TIFFWarnings/788. I've been getting this error in ImageMagick on some .tif files even though it seems to actually convert properly.........
  • [warn] VirtualHost 10.2.5.101:443 overlaps with VirtualHost 10.2.5.101:443, the first has precedence, perhaps you need a NameVirtualHost directive


    [root@thetor2017 conf]# service httpd restart Stopping httpd: [ OK ] Starting httpd: WARNING: MaxClients of 3000 exceeds ServerLimit value of 300 servers, lowering MaxClients to 300. To increase........
  • Centos 7 - How To Install NFS and Mount Remotely


    Server Side Config 1.) First install nfs-utils yum -y install nfs-utils 2.) Configure nfs share Create a directory for your NFS share mkdir /datastore Create your NFS share in /etc/exports echo "/datastore 10.220.101.0/24(rw,sync,no_root_squash)" >> /etc/exports systemctl restart nfs........
  • Linux Mint 18 Screen Goes Dark or Black After Screensaver or even when using the Desktop Solution


    You can search for this bug and it seems like it may be related to ecryptfs and is many years old. The symptoms are that you return to the computer and the screensaver was active or the screen was asleep/black and it doesn't seem to come back. But you check by SSH the computer is running fine and are frustrated you'll lose your running programs and have to reboot. There is a simple solution: Ctrl + Alt + F1 Ctrl +Alt + F8 Ba........
  • Postfix How To Change Sending IP Address To Specific IP Binding or Interface


    Ithought I'd post this becuase there is some bad information out there. Some guides tell you to edit /etc/postfix/master.cf (-o smtp_bind_address=) but this doesn't work. The same guide also says if you don't change it there you end up changing the listening IP/bind interface which is also not true. Here is a simple and effective way to change Postfix's sending/binding/outgoing IP address (very important for reverse DNS and so mail servers don't block you)........
  • How to qemu-kvm enable bridged networking in Debian Ubuntu Linux Mint on KVM containers


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    mysqldump: Couldn't execute 'show create table `general_log`': SHOW command denied to user 'user'@'localhost' for table 'general_log' (1142) One of my clients almost found out the hard way, here is an unlikely situation that happened. 1.) Years ago the client had another VPS to which they backed up a BLOG nightly to an .sql file, what they forgot is that the file also contained all databases (they used the --all-databases option but forgot). So imagi........
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    mdadm --create /dev/md2 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda3 /dev/sdb3 cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [raid1] md2 : active raid1 sdb3[1] sda3[0] 1363020736 blocks super 1.2 [2/2] [UU] [=>...................] resync = 8.3% (113597440/1363020736) finish=276.2min speed=75366K/sec ........
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    Step #1 - Create Wrapper Script vi /usr/local/bin/phpsendmail #!/usr/bin/php ........
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    ************************************* * * * All parts have been installed * *........
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  • Failed to save enabled features : The Suexec command on your system is configured to only run scripts under /var/www, but the Virtualmin base directory is /home. CGI and PHP scripts run as domain owners will not be executed.


    Apache/httpd Failed to save enabled features : The Suexec command on your system is configured to only run scripts under /var/www, but the Virtualmin base directory is /home. CGI and PHP scripts run as domain owners will not be executed. This is because I never edited the Apache Config and Virtualmin config to reflect my new/current updated structure.........
  • Webmin/Virtualmin when enabling bind: Failed to save enabled features : Virtualmin is configured to setup DNS zones, but this system is not setup to use itself as a DNS server. Either add 127.0.0.1 to the list of DNS servers, or turn off the BIND fe


    Webmin/Virtualmin when enabling bind: Failed to save enabled features : Virtualmin is configured to setup DNS zones, but this system is not setup to use itself as a DNS server. Either add 127.0.0.1 to the list of DNS servers, or turn off the BIND feature on the module config page. It means what it says, add "127.0.0.1" to /etc/resolv.conf........
  • ERROR! MySQL manager or server PID file could not be found! ERROR! Manager of pid-file quit without updating file.


    I found the cause of this issue was from all the diskspace being used but clearing it was not enough. Iguess the tables became inconsistent when space ran out and myisamchk is what fixed the rest. service mysqld restart ERROR! MySQL manager or server PID file could not be found! ....................................................................................... ERROR! Manager of pid-file quit without updating file. se........
  • VMWare bridged adapter not working: The network bridge on device vmnet0 is not running. The virtual machine will not be able to communicate with the host or with other machines on your network. Failed to connect virtual device Ethernet1.


    VMWare bridged adapter not working: Message from system: The network bridge on device vmnet0 is not running. The virtual machine will not be able to communicate with the host or with other machines on your network. Failed to connect virtual device Ethernet1. I'm not sure how to fix this but one of the issues is that my eth0 became eth1 after moving my hard drives to a new motherboard. I have run the vmware-config.pl but this did not resolve the issue.........
  • mysql backup/dump all databases with mysqldump command


    mysqldump --all-databases > allDB.sql The above dumps ALL the mysql databases to "allDB.sql". If you want to compress with gzip you could do this instead: mysqldump --all-databases > gzip > ALLDB.sql.gz........
  • Installing Webmin & Enabling SSL


    Webmin Setup Centos 5: wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html&ts=1294339690&use_mirror=surfnet [1] 24229 [2] 24230 [root@host ~]# --2011-01-06 21:48:20-- http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/webadmin/webmin/1.530/webmin-1.530-1.noarch.rpm?r=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webmin.com%2Fstandard.html Resolving downloads.sourceforge.net... 216.34.181.........
  • Virtualmin/Webmin Postfix Error: The status of your system is being checked to ensure that all enabled features are available, that the mail server is properly configured, and that quotas are active ..


    Virtualmin Postfix Error: The status of your system is being checked to ensure that all enabled features are available, that the mail server is properly configured, and that quotas are active .. A problem was found with your Postfix virtual maps : No map sources were found in the Postfix configuration .. your system is not ready for use by Virtualmin. ........
  • crontab/cronjob running multiple times at the wrong time


    crontab not working It is running as user Apache I've tried 0 0 * * * (which means midnight 00:00) and it does run at midnight but also 13:25 for some reason? 25 0 * * * with this it runs at 00:25 but again also at 13:25 Solution - Restart the Cron Service (especially if you changed your time/timezone) *Update I had a suspicion that changing the timezone a few weeks ago caused this. I restarted lhe cron service and the problem h........
  • mdadm Centos 5 automatic resync


    This made me nervous but it's clearly a cronjob based on the messages log that happens every Sunday at about 4:22. I actually can't find any evidence of it in cron.d cron.daily but it is there somewhere obviously. What I don't get is why doesn't this cronjob do a datacheck like Ubuntu's cronscript does? When you unnecessarily rebuild the array you lose your redundancy during that point which makes your data extremely vulnerable. *Update I did a grep of &q........
  • Linux Realtek Gigabit NIC huge/high latency problem after sleep?


    That is pinging to the gateway IP on the same switch, the same IP is pingable externally without any problems which makes me think the switch is fine. 64 bytes from 55.55.55.55: icmp_seq=4 ttl=255 time=1.07 ms 64 bytes from 55.55.55.55: icmp_seq=1 ttl=255 time=3536 ms 64 bytes from 55.55.55.55: icmp_seq=2 ttl=255 time=2536 ms 64 bytes from 55.55.55.55: icmp_seq=3 ttl=255 time=1536 ms 64 bytes from 55.55.55.55: icmp_seq=8 ttl=255 time=1.20 ms 64 by........
  • Cygwin and crontab backups via ssh/scp/rsync


    Install the "Editors" and "Net" groups that will give you rsync, ssh, ssh-keygen and cron. The trickiest thing that I keep forgetting about each time is you have to run "cron-config" which adds the cron service to Windows, and without doing that obviously no cron jobs will be run thus making automatic backups impossible. Warning about rsync/cygwin and using the -a archive switch. It's a good thing I caught this because it doesn't work ri........
  • Dying Seagate 7200.11 SD15


    [137392.910057] ata4.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x1 SErr 0x80000 action 0x6 frozen [137392.910077] ata4: SError: { 10B8B } [137392.910095] ata4.00: cmd 60/20:00:00:00:00/00:00:00:00:00/40 tag 0 ncq 16384 in [137392.910099] res 40/00:00:00:00:00/00:00:00:00:00/00 Emask 0x4 (timeout) [137392.910122] ata4.00: status: { DRDY } [137392.910135] ata4: hard resetting link [137393.440060] ata4: SATA link........
  • rsync preserve attributes, permissions/ownership and times without being root non-root user


    One of the purposes of rsync is to backup whole filesystems and archive them but how can you do that properly and restore things to normal if all permissions and ownerships are not preserved from your root filesystem? It's not desirable to have everything running as root, especially not just for an rsync. The Easy rsync preserve permission solution for non-root users sudo is the answer and all you have to do is edit /etc/sudoers At the end o........
  • Ubuntu/Debian DRBD 8.0 Setup Guide


    I've only used it on Centos, soI thought I'd make a quick Debian guide: Install the DRBD Package apt-get install drbd8-utils Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done The following packages were automatically installed and are no longer required: libswfdec-0.8-0 Use 'apt-get autoremove' to remove them. The following........
  • VMWare Server cannot connect to web interface SSL Handshake on client connection failed: SSL Exception


    VMWare log: /var/log/vmware/hostd.log SSL Handshake on client connection failed: SSL Exception sudo /etc/init.d/vmware-mgmt restart Stopping VMware management services: VMware Virtual Infrastructure Web Access VMware Server Host Agent&nb........
  • VMWare Server is on SSL port 8333


    I'm mentioning this because I keep forgetting what port the management is on for the web interface (since newer releases of VMWare server took away the superior stand alone client). So remember it is port 8333 and sometimes you need to restart vmware-mgmt service and also enable sslv2 in your Firefox or it won't connect.........
  • Outsourced VPS Support


    The Xen VPSI had was not working properly and when they asked for the login information I found the support was coming directly from India: whois 122.178.148.* [Querying whois.apnic.net] [whois.apnic.net] % [whois.apnic.net node-5] % Whois data copyright terms http://www.apnic.net/db/dbcopyright.html inetnum: 122.178.128.0 - 122.178.191.255 netname:&........
  • yum in Centos 5/Xen halts and exits suddenly


    yum exits in the middle The problem is this VPS seems to be an OpenVZ template from HyperVM. The only way to make it work was to disable i386 packages since this was an x64 kernel. That shouldn't be necessary but it was the only way to make yum stop quitting after the first package or two. I couldn't find any issue by checking the logs either. echo y|yum install vim-minimal telnet expect jwhois net-tools slocate iptables elinks gawk L........
  • mdadm RAID 1 adventures


    I separated the 2 drives in the RAID 1 array. 1 is the old one /dev/sda and is out of date, while the separated other one /dev/sdc was in another drive and mounted and used with more data (updated). I wonder how mdadm will handle this: usb-storage: device scan complete md: md127 stopped. md: bind md: md127: raid array is not clean -- starting background reconstruction raid1: raid set md127 active with 1 out of 2 m........
  • WD (Western Digital) Advanced Format Drive Lagged/Slow Speed/Performance/Design Flaw EAD/EARS problem WDC WD20EARS-00S8B1


    Let the numbers speak for themselves, from what I read the Load_Cycle_Count which is very high (more than 500,000/half a million times) is the number of head parks. What a stupid"Green" design and design flaw which will probably mean an early life for the drive. This is almost as silly as Seagate's new reputation for BSY/poor quality disks since the 7200.11 series. To make it worse this is also when Western Digital introduced "Advanced Format" o........
  • mdadm won't boot due to fsck error


    Nov 29 20:17:58 ubuntu kernel: [ 1157.180789] md: md1 stopped. Nov 29 20:17:58 ubuntu kernel: [ 1157.180829] md0: unknown partition table filesystem not responding/reading properly with du or rsync (this needed an fsck). [ 2571.489217] EXT3-fs error (device md2): ext3_lookup: deleted inode referenced: 35923106 [ 2571.942299] EXT3-fs error (device md2): ext3_lookup: deleted inode referenced: 35923110 [ 2571.9568........
  • Ubuntu 10.04/GRUB2 mdadm won't boot


    Moving to RAID was a pain. What you have to do is the following from an existing install: Install mdadm Create your mdadm RAID 1 array on your spare hard drive. Start it with the missing disk. rsync the entire contents of your current / to the md partition. Here's a good way of doing it: rsync -Pha --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/mnt/* /. /mnt/md2........
  • EOL for Kubuntu/Ubuntu 8.04 - W: Failed to fetch http://ca.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/dists/intrepid/universe/source/Sources.gz 404 Not Found [IP: 91.189.92.171 80]


    I couldn't figure out whyI couldn't install a simple package. This is what's annoying about cutting edge Debian distros, yes we know you support each license on average for 1-2 years but why take down the supporting binary packages and basically disable the older versions? sudo apt-get install update Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done E: Couldn't find p........
  • Wine stopped working/won't work Solution


    After an upgrade wine wouldn't open anything, not even the pre-installed notepad. There are no wine logs and nothing is mentioned in any standard log file about why. I finally decided to run wine from the shell and see what's going on: wine client error:0: version mismatch 398/402. Your wineserver binary was not upgraded correctly, or you have an older one somewhere in your PATH. Or maybe the wrong wineserver is still running?........
  • Nautilus/GNOME File Manager handy list of extensions


    nautilus-gksu - privilege granting extension for nautilus using gksu nautilus-sendto - integrates Evolution and Pidgin into the Nautilus file manager nautilus-share - Nautilus extension to share folder using Samba nautilus-actions - nautilus extension to configure programs to launch nautilus-bzr - Bazaar (bzr) integration for nautilus nautilus-cd-burner - CD Burning front-end for Nautilus nautilus-clamscan - Antivirus scanning for Nautilus n........
  • GNOME/Nautilus Resize Images/Pictures from File Manager by right clicking


    Just install the following package "nautilus-image-converter" and you will be able to right click any image and convert the size and rotate it. My only wish is that you could also convert the image type from say tiff to jpg etc... This is an awesome/handy/feature and great tool to have. This is one way where GNOME/Nautilus excel, the possibilities are endless to simplify and make simple/mundane tasks quicker and more efficient than ever.........
  • Nautilus/GNOME/Ubuntu File Manager not applying appearance style/changes


    I thought it was a GNOME problem because no matter what styles I applied Nautilus wouldn't change, but it was only Nautilus that wouldn't change/update anymore so I should have known. The only fix/solutionI knew of other than rebooting is the following: sudo killall nautilus I tried closing all instances of nautilus that were visible and it had no effect. And another thing to remember is that only will appearances/styles/themes not apply to N........
  • PHP CURL SSL won't work or connect


    I spent so much time debugging this, most sites don't tell you a very important option to use with CURL and you will only find out this is the problem by running the PHP script from the command line you get the following output that shows the issue (I don't see any way to get this output from Apache itself). * About to connect() to ip.ip.ip.ip port 25000 * Trying ip.ip.ip.ip... * connected * Connected to ip.ip.ip.ip (ip.ip.ip.ip) port 25000 * succes........
  • Error: DBus error org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.ServiceUnknown: The name :1.1127 was not provided by any .service files Please select another viewer and try again.


    This is an SFTP mount that does not work or prompt for password. Error: DBus error org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.ServiceUnknown: The name :1.1127 was not provided by any .service files Please select another viewer and try again. It seems to me that the connection often times out after being opened and the application doesn't know how to handle the disconnection and doesn't realize it needs to kill the instance and restart the connection.........
  • connect: No buffer space available Oct 18 12:21:03 vps kernel: printk: 177 messages suppressed. Oct 18 12:21:03 vps kernel: Neighbour table overflow.


    ping test.com connect: No buffer space available /var/log/messages Oct 18 12:21:03 vps kernel: printk: 177 messages suppressed. Oct 18 12:21:03 vps kernel: Neighbour table overflow. Solution in /etc/sysctl.conf: net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh1 = 4096 net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh2 = 8192 net.ipv4.neigh.default.gc_thresh3 = 8192 net.ipv4.neigh.default.base_reachab........
  • Direcatdmin Install AWStats


    cd /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/ scripts]# ./awstats.sh --23:49:28-- http://files.directadmin.com/services/all/awstats/awstats-6.9.tar.gz Resolving files.directadmin.com... 72.35.85.222 Connecting to files.directadmin.com|72.35.85.222|:80... connected. HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK Length: 1125906 (1.1M) [application/x-gzip] Saving to: `/usr/local/directadmin/scripts/packages/awstats-6.9.tar.gz' 100%[=........
  • DRBD WFConnection Problem/Solution


    This has stumped me a few times because I keep forgetting that Centos 5.5 comes with a default iptables configuration that ends up blocking DRBD traffic,I tried all the normal things and couldn't understand why I couldn't make my normal DRBD config work. So if you have WFConnection problems and have tried the normal "mailing list" fixes, check your firewall status first! Both Nodes Say the Following: version: 8.3.8 (api:88/prot........
  • How not to change an IP address in CPanel during a migration


    /usr/local/cpanel/bin/swapip domain(s) It simply doesn't work, the Apache VHOSTS remain 100% unchanged, why does this script exist? I'm sure it would work from the control panel but I am locked out because my IP was changed and it doesn't match the CPanel license. I wish CPanel would make it easier to update the license IP. I even took it a step farther, I manually edited the vhosts and restarted Apache and it........
  • mdadm Linux Software RAID QuickStart Guide


    Create New RAID 1 Array: First setup your partitions (make sure they are exactly the same size) In my example I have sda3 and sdb3 which are 500GB in size. mdadm --create /dev/md2 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sda3 /dev/sdb3 mdadm: array /dev/md2 started. Check Status Of The Array *Note I already have other arrays md0 and md1. You can see below that md2 is syn........
  • HeartBeat Error/High Load heartbeat: [7120]: WARN: Gmain_timeout_dispatch: Dispatch function for retransmit request took too long to execute: 20 ms (> 10 ms) (GSource: 0x926b390)


    My LOG is flooded with those messages many times per second. I don't know what is wrong with heartbeat, but restarting the service fixed it.........
  • VirtualBox Error Failed to start the virtual machine Centos 5.5 Mirror. Medium '/home/testuser/.VirtualBox/HardDisks/Centos 5.5 Mirror.vdi' is not accessible. UUID {a1a9fad7-0402-4867-b8f3-39fb49454bc5} of the medium '/home/testuser/.VirtualBox/HardD


    Virtualbox Error I tried to copy a .vdi of one container to use in another one, basically to clone instead of having to install the OS again. Failed to start the virtual machine Centos 5.5 Mirror. Medium '/home/testuser/.VirtualBox/HardDisks/Centos 5.5 Mirror.vdi' is not accessible. UUID {a1a9fad7-0402-4867-b8f3-39fb49454bc5} of the medium '/home/testuser/.VirtualBox/HardDisks/Centos 5.5 Mirror.vdi' does not match the value {4945a0e8-0ed5-4736-9088-bcaf........
  • Openvz Live Migration Error - Error: undump failed: Invalid argument Restoring failed: Error: iptables-restore exited with 2 Error: Most probably some iptables modules are not loaded Error: rst_restore_net: -22


    Adding IP address(es): 192.168.5.8 192.168.5.9 Setting CPU units: 1000 Error: undump failed: Invalid argument Restoring failed: Error: iptables-restore exited with 2 Error: Most probably some iptables modules are not loaded Error: rst_restore_net: -22 Container start failed Stopping container ... Container was stopped Container is unmounted Error: Failed to undump VE Resuming... vzquota : (erro........
  • VirtualBox OSE/VBOX Can't Access Shared Folder Solution


    I shared a directory on my hostnode/local system (running Ubuntu 10.04) with my Guest system running Windows XP. I have no idea why it's not mentioned or documented in an obvious way, but in the Windows client you just access it with "\Vboxsvr" Once you access that share you'll have access to all of the VBOX shares on your local host. I think it should indicate it somewhere when you enable the sharing. Yes, I'm sure it's buried so........
  • OpenVZ/vzctl how to do an on-line migration without downtime


    vzmigrate --online dest-host VEIDNO eg.: vzmigrate --oneline 192.168.1.55 101 One option I would recommend is "--keep-dst", that way if the migration is interrupted you can still bring the VPS back up on the original host. After the migration is successful you can manually destroy it. OpenVZ has a good writeup on this including Checkpointing and Restoring etc:........
  • OpenVZ iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) Perhaps iptables or your kernel needs to be upgraded. Solution


    This error is annoying, in a Virtuozzo KB entry about this ip tables nat problem they say the kernel needs to be ugpraded: Symptoms The node runs 2.6.18-x kernel older than 2.6.18-028stab053.10. NAT module does not work in container, you get "can't initialize iptables table 'nat'" error: # iptables -t nat........
  • exim high load and dozens of processes


    This server was experiencing loads of up to 80 and maxing out the RAM and kmemsize on a CPanel VPS. There were literally dozens if not hundreds of exim processes. I have no idea why exim has such a design that would allow it to consume this much CPU and RAM. Any normal MTA should not be spawning so many processes, it should be processing them in sequence and if it is going to spawn hundreds of processes in response to a large volume of mail, it's better to have a delayed del........
  • mdadm when a RAID 1 member dies


    [27969.398749] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] 3907029168 512-byte hardware sectors (2000399 MB) [27969.398749] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] Write Protect is off [27969.398749] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] Mode Sense: 00 3a 00 00 [27969.398749] sd 5:0:0:0: [sdb] Write cache: enabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA [27972.117543] ata6.00: exception Emask 0x0 SAct 0x1 SErr 0x0 action 0x0 [27972.117543] ata6.00: irq_stat 0x48000000 [27972.117543] ata6.00: cmd 60/08:00:ff:7........
  • mdadm "auto-read-only" Linux Software RAID solution


    If you have the "(auto-read-only)" beside an arrayI have no idea why that happens but it is easy to fix. Just run "mdadm --readwrite /dev/md1" (rename md0 to the device with the problem and it will begin to resync. md1 : active (auto-read-only) raid1 sdb2[0] sda2[1] 19534976 blocks [2/2] [UU] resync=PENDING ........
  • Realtek r8169 1gbit/1000mbit NIC/Ethernet Goes Down/Halts on Large File Transfer/Heavy Network Usage


    This is obviously a bug in the r8169 kernel module and it seems to affect a lot of people. I upgraded to the latest kernel and hope this won't happen anymore, as it is a very serious error. This is especially serious for those who are running servers with this chipset, who can afford for the NIC to randomly go off-line for no apparent reason? [655548.189113] type=1505 audit(1277067560.902:5): operation="profile_load" name="/usr/bin/freshclam&q........
  • FUSE/Curlftpfs mount ftp account as drive partition in Linux


    This is a great way to use your ftp server space, for example on your web hosting account (althoughI believe many hosts don't allow storage like this), but if you have a VPS/Dedicated Server etc.., this would be perfect. Imagine how easy it is to work with an ftp account that you can just mount as a normal partition or directory in Linux, it would be great for backups etc.. Name curlftpfs - mount a ftp host as a local directory Synopsis........
  • Install Mac OS X 10.4.6 Tiger on AMD32 VMWare


    *Note OS X is strange to install, I thought my HDD was not being detected by you just have to go to Diskutil and create a partition for the root filesystem and then close/move the Window and proceed with the install. After install Mac OS X 10.4.6 Tiger I get a black screen that says: b0 error Most people say the partition has to be marked as "active", actually that just means marked as "bootable". Instead of t........
  • XBOX 360 No Sound over HDMI Solution/Fix


    My XBOX's dashboard/firmware was from sometime in 2008 when I first bought the system. I mainly played using composite cables but at my brother in law's house we used HDMI. The very first time it worked, but then I bought some games that did some update and after that HDMI never worked. The symptoms besides having on sound is that your XBOX will show PC monitor resolutions but won't have any option to say you have a 720P or 1080P display, this means the XBOX firmware is fa........
  • Use rcconf to edit startup/init.d/init scripts on Debian/Ubuntu based distributions


    I've never understood how to enable and disable services for different run levels in Debian based distros, it's just weird, annoying and doesn't make sense. I much prefer chkconfig from RHEL. Just install the package called 'rcconf' and be done with it. rcconf makes things easy for you. apt-get install rcconf Reading package lists... Done Building dependency tree Reading state information... Done........
  • Fix Slow 2D Graphics Xorg.conf Ubuntu/Debian/Mandriva Linux


    I'm using Ubuntu 8.04 but anyone using older kernels will find this may apply to them. My Intel graphics are very slow with the default Xorg settings but by using "EXA" acceleration, scrolling down windows of text becomes pretty snappy. Just edit /etc/X11/xorg.conf Section "Device" Identifier "Configured Video Device" &nb........
  • cPanel complaint - No Shared SSL! cPanel 11.25.0-R46156 - WHM 11.25.0 - X 3.9


    I've recently used CPanel on the admin side for the first time and have to say I hate it. Everything from the layout to the functionality screams "hackish". It just lacks so many common sense features and way of working. I was never 100% impressed with Plesk but the basics were definitely laid out and done in a sensible manner, even though it is made by a Russian company, they definitely thought about how to make a Control Panel. I have no idea why people........
  • mdadm can you downgrade the superblock?


    Why would you want to downgrade the superblock? Old mdadm verisons like mdadm 2.5.6 only use the 0.90 superblock/metadata and new versions use 1,1.0,1.1 and 1.2 superblocks by default. There are some annoying caveats with this, first of all the new superblocks (later than 0.90) CANNOT be read by GRUB, so you won't even be able to install GRUB. Even worse, old versions of mdadm CANNOT automatically detect arrays even if they were created with a new version of mdadm with th........
  • How To Set DHCP/Static IP Address in Centos/RHEL/Fedora & Debian/Ubuntu/Kubuntu/MEPIS Set DHCP/Static IP Address


    Basically the two main types of distros are Debian and RHEL/Centos based. I'm just going to give a quick overview of how the configuration of IP interfaces works in Debian/Centos based distros. *Just one thing to remember, when setting IPs statically you have to manually specify a DNS server in /etc/resolv.conf (since DHCP is what normally does it automatically) Debian/Ubuntu/Kubuntu/MEPIS The IP (DHCP &........
  • CPanel Use /scripts/easyapache to recompile Apache/PHP with different options


    I used the "Image Manipulation and Security Options" and let the script do the rest. /scripts/easyapache For whatever reason, doing a manual compile of PHPmyself broke everything and I've never seen that before, that's why I resorted to the cheat of easyapache.........
  • Openvz Enable Most Common iptables modules


    The default options for iptables are very basic. Here is what you need to do in order to enable them in OpenVZ. 1.) Add the modules to iptables and restart iptables: vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables-config Edit the line as so: IPTABLES_MODULES="ipt_REJECT ipt_tos ipt_TOS ipt_LOG ip_conntrack ipt_limit ipt_multiport iptable_filter iptable_mangle ipt_TCPMSS ipt_tcpmss ipt_ttl ipt_length ipt_state iptable_nat ip_nat_ftp" 2.........
  • MySQL Recover/Reset Lost/Forgotten root Password


    One note is to secure MySQL, I don't know for sure but I believe you could login to MySQL remotely with no password during this operation (I'm not sure, maybe it doesn't accept blank passwords but I firewall MySQL port anyway and recommend you do the same). First edit /etc/my.cf Under the [mysqld] field add the following line somewhere: skip-grant-tables Now restart mysql: service mysql restart or on Debian sty........
  • Centos 5.5 RAID 1 boot issue


    I installed 5.5 with a 300GB RAID 1 partition (boot is also on this partition). It booted up fine the first few times until after I used a Live CD and accessed the array, and it became named /dev/md127 for some reason. Now whenI boot into CentOS I get a kernel panic and different errors, once I got "invalid superblock", even though the array is fine (it didn't happen again, probably because I was sure to dismount and stop the mdadm array properly). Here's what........
  • Gigabyte GA-H57M-USB3 Complaint Review/Comments


    I'm not impressed with this motherboard, I was impressed with my Gigabyte AM3 board which seems to work flawlessly. Everyone knows that the firmware is flawed, even though I have the F6, it still seems that the system doesn't reset properly or quickly enough. Another HUGE problem is that in most Linux kernels the NIC won't work (if you try 10 times by rebooting it might). I also notice that you need to power down for it to work. This board does not seem very com........
  • Asus O!Play cannot access network/workgroup shares


    It always worked fine before but no amount of power unplugging/cycling does any good. I can access one network share and that is one that I've already saved, but it can't see any workgroups. One silly thing is why is there no option to manually connect to a netbios name or IP? It seems there is a bug with the firmware and that the SMB client is not working properly. Hopefully it fixes itself at some point. Between this and the lack of support for embedded s........
  • Unixbench Score on Core i5 750 with OpenVZ Kernel vs Xen/Openvz


    This was unbelievable how much the Xen kernel slows things down, keep in mind both tests were done on the hostnode, one was with the Openvz-Xen hybrid kernel and the other was just OpenVZ. You can see the performance difference is nearly 300% better when not using the Xen kernel. OpenVZ-Xen Kernel Test Results (I was wondering what was wrong/so slow with my Core i5!) # # # # # #&n........
  • SSH Automatic/Passwordless Logon - Setup Public Key Encryption In Single Command


    This is a very simple solution, but most guides out there make you login twice (once to scp the key) and once to put the key in authorized_keys. There's no need for that. If you don't already have a ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub just type "ssh-keygen -t rsa" and keep hitting enter until it's done :) Just use this code to easily enable passwordless login with SSHD key=`cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub`;ssh user@192.168.5.25 "echo $key >> ~/.ssh/auth........
  • Asus Eee PC 1000HE Crashed/Need To Recover/Restore Windows? Easy Solution is Hitting F9


    I'm not a fan of Asus and won't be buying another because of having to fight Asus over a bogus warranty denial (it's a long story but they only replied about how to RMA my unit weeks later on the EXACT day the warranty expired). Anyway, it's just a matter of hitting F9 to do this, there's no need to worry about booting from USB or CD (unless of course you want a different OS eg. Windows XP Pro, Vista/7, or a flavor of Linux or Unix). Also remember that you need to fully/properl........
  • mdadm Linux Software RAID auto-detect and assemble RAID Array


    mdadm --assemble --scan mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:2 has been started with 2 drives. mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:1 has been started with 2 drives. mdadm: /dev/md/diaghost05102010:0 has been started with 2 drives. -bash-3.1# cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] [raid0] [raid1] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] [multipath] md125 : active raid1 sda1[0] sdb1[1] 14658185 blocks super 1.2........
  • rsync halted froze Out of memory: kill process 7559 (rsync) score 635 or a child Killed process 7559 (rsync)


    Out of memory: kill process 7559 (rsync) score 635 or a child Killed process 7559 (rsync) I was surprised to see this in my dmesg whenmy rsync backup suddenly stalled/stopped. This system has 3 gigs of RAM and lots of free memory so I don't understand what is happening. rsync invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x200d2, order=0, oomkilladj=0 Pid: 7600, comm: rsync Not tainted 2.6.24.2 #83 [] oom_kill_pr........
  • get_printer_attrs: resource name '/printers/printers' no good! - cups error


    This is what the /var/log/cups/error.log says after my Samsung CLP-310N decided to stop printing. This is a new printer that replaced my CLP-300 and it has been working for a day so far. What happened is that I lifted the top part (not realizing there were rollers on it) and it stopped printing. The network activity light was flashing ,hitting the stop button didn't do anything. Even powering the printer on and off did not help. I have restarted CUPS and SMB on the........
  • rsync my favorite/best/optimal default switches and options


    Not sure what rsync switches/options to use? rsync -PDrphogtl The short version would be: rsync -Pha I think these are really common sense options to use and probaby should be the default. Explanation of rsync switches P = display the progress D = hybrid of --specials and --devices so all special and device files will be copied as well. r = recursive (otherwise rsync won't copy files deeper than........
  • rsync ERROR: sdb2/backup.r18 failed verification -- update retained.


    ERROR: sdb2/backup.r18 failed verification -- update retained. This happened when Iwas rsyncing a dying hard drive, a lot of people seem to report this as an error with rsync itself but I don't think rsync is the issue at all. I know the source hard drive was bad, it was having all kinds of timeout, seek, hardware ECC recovered and reset errors. The only time something else could be the problem is if the data is being corrupted in transit, perhaps through........
  • Seagate Drive 500GB Drive Dying


    This drive is clearly on the way out, the Kernel knows it but I'm surprised that SMART is not concerned. I didn't blame Seagate for their past issues until now. This hard drive has hardly been used and has not even been powered on for a year according to SMART. Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/ === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Model Family: Seagate Barracuda 7200.11 Device........
  • tar DON't strip/add leading slashes


    It is desirable to strip the leading slashes when taring / because you wouldn't want to overwrite your entire system when extracting some files to check. But if you are restoring / from the tar you want the leading slashes added again. Here's how to do it: --absolute-names -P Either one above will do the same thing.........
  • Seagate 7200.11 firmware defect in 500GB, 1000GB (1TB) and 1500GB (1.5TB) Hard Drives


    Seagate Inventory/Firmware Check I heard about this issue a long time ago but never looked into it. I figured I wasn't affected since my 500GB drives were running for so long. I've been using Seagate's since 2002 and to this day all of the drives I have are alive from Seagate. *Update the bad news is that I realize one of my 500GB's is about to die, it's not even a year old, but is also not affected by the recall according to Seagate! Seagate Inventory/Firm........
  • Linux AHCI Hotswap Tips - Remember To Reread The Partition Table WITHOUT rebooting


    From the package "parted" you can use the command "partprobe" to re-read the partition table. I really hate rebooting, and that's what Iloved to hear about AHCI motherboards, that they allow hotswap so you don't have to reboot. But that's only as good as the OS, if the OS does not reload the partition table you won't be able to do anything with that new drive you attached without rebooting. Yes, even without re-reading the partiton table Linux will........
  • nginx - the ultimate load balancer


    You can find it for free at http://nginx.org/ I find nginx is simpler to setup than pound (it's not hard but I found it unintuitive and annoying), it seemed to make some basic setups overly complicated with the config file syntax. nginx on the other hand is perfectly suited in everyway, it is even simpler to setup and seems to be the most stable and most efficient any load balancer. I would go as far as to say that a good nginx setup is more relia........
  • Convert HDD/Hard Drive Partition(s) into non-RAID into RAID 1 using existing data without data loss and without reformatting.


    Before we start I take no responsibility for this, you should have a backup and if you make a mistake during this process you could wipe out all of your data. So backup somewhere else before starting this as a precaution, or make sure it's data you could afford to lose. The RAID 1 Setup (Hardware Wise) I've already setup my 2 x 1TB (Seagate) drives with identical partitions, make sure your new hard drive (the empty one) is setup like your curr........
  • Linux EXT3 16GB-17GB maximum filesize issue solved/how to fix


    I have no idea why but mkfs.ext3 defaults to a patheticlly small blocksize of 1024 bytes/1KB (kilobyte). That means the maximum filesize is ONLY 16GB! With 2KB/2048 bytes you get a 256 GB maximum filesize, and with 4KB/4096 bytes you get 2TB! I finally noticed/paid attention to this after realizing that with rsync and scp that no file larger than 17GB could be transferred. I then realized it must be a file size limit on the partition. Here is what tune2fs tol........
  • PDF File Conversion/Solution Using Imagemagick to create PDF files for free, quickly and efficiently


    I'm really starting to love ImageMagick, I've used it to mass convert/resize family photos with scripts and all kinds of handy things. Today I just learned that you can create PDF files with it too, say if you have images scanned or anything else it's very simple: convert *.jpeg output.pdf You can replace jpg with whatever format your files are in. One thing to remember is that you can specify the order that the images/pages are added to the PDF manu........
  • tar gzip: stdout: File too large - Error Size Limit on Large file > 17GB


    The folder I was trying to archive is about 72GB, but much like rsync at about 17GB it chokes because of the filesize. What's with so many common and essential Linux tools having such limitations? I guess it is likely that the authors never wrote their code with the idea that files would be so large but it's still very annoying. It's important to stay on top of these limitations on production servers because I didn't realize what happened until I checked the file with "........
  • Rsync Timeout/Stall On Large files bigger than 16GB/Cannot Transfer large files with rysnc


    The last transfer I was able to do was 16.77GB according to rsync's output and it worked fine. 16.77G 100% 10.66MB/s 0:25:00 (xfer#17484, to-check=234753/256249) But on a file over 17GB (gigs) it stalls. Trust me, it really is stalled, it's been about 8 hours with no progression from that point for some reason. 17.24G 54% 10.65MB/s 0:22:07........
  • Picking an FTPD (vsftpd) Server in Linux Centos/Debian


    I decided on using yum to help me decide even though I normaly use proftpd I decided to see what else I could find. yum search ftp Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * rpmforge: ftp-stud.fht-esslingen.de * base: mirrors.netdna.com * updates: updates.interworx.info * addons: yum.singlehop.com * extras: mirrors.netdna.com rpmforge........
  • OpenVZ backup container to a single file while it's running using "vzdump"


    Proxmox has made this free utility to backup running OpenVZ containers. It's a great program which is actually just a PERL script but gets the job done. This program is not 100% required because all it really does is cp -a from your container's path as far as I know but it is still good to have uniformity to how you backup your containers. For RPM distros such as Centos/RHEL/Fedora etc.. download and install this: wget http://www.proxmox.com/cms_proxm........
  • Compaq V2405CA Laptop - Unixbench Performance Test


    Here are the results, it is Sempron 3000+ AMD Mobile, 500Gig HDD, 512MB RAM with shared ATI Radeon graphics. # # # # # # # ##### ###### # # #### # # # # ## # # # #&nb........
  • heartbeat is stopped for some reason


    heartbeat is stopped for some reason Anyway hnode2 was active and the services are running fine but I see heartbeat has been stopped somehow. Here is the last log I see of heartbeat: [quote:23c84415f5] Sep 9 17:15:32 hnode2 heartbeat: [16738]: info: MSG stats: 9/1762471 ms age 0 [pid16738/MST_CONTROL] Sep 9 17:15:32 hnode2 heartbeat: [16738]: info: cl_malloc stats: 716/51784021 152624/74519 [pid16738/MST_CONTROL] Sep 9 17:15:32........
  • PHP cannot access /usr/bin/openssl


    PHP cannot access /usr/bin/opensslI have verified the username that runs the process is able to access /usr/bin/openssl and it does exist but the PHP script is saying it doesn't exist: [code:1:1fd0f3abbe] if (!file_exists($OPENSSL)) { //echo "ERROR: OPENSSL $OPENSSL not foundn"; }[/code:1:1fd0f3abbe] I don't get itI can clearly see the contents of /usr/bin by using the PHP system fu........
  • SSH automatic login without password


    SSH automatic login without passwordlocal> ssh-keygen -t rsa -f .ssh/id_rsa -t is the encryption type -f tells where to store the public/private key pairs. In this case, the .ssh directory on home is being used A password will be asked; leave this part blank, just pressing Now, go the .ssh directory, and you will find two new files: id_dsa and id_dsa.pub. The last one is the public part. Now, copy the public key to the serv........
  • Asterisk FreeBSD compile problems


    Asterisk FreeBSD compile problemsI couldn't get it to compile without using the following options at compile time: [b:b7d672ee28] make install WITHOUT_ZAPTEL=YES WITHOUT_MYSQL=YES WITHOUT_FAX=YES WITHOUT_ODBC=YES WITHOUT_H323=YES[/b:b7d672ee28]Some problems you might have with copying over your Linux config files to FreeBSD is different paths. [b:f044931f41]For example the etc path for Asterisk on BSD will now be:[/b:f044931f41] [qu........
  • Problems surfing web/serving


    Problems surfing web/servingI noticed sometimes websites wouldn't load at random through a FreeBSD box and other systems on the same link didn't have the issue. I believe it is because of the low default limit of 128 TCP connections that caused the problem. It would also slow down any traffic that requires many connections such as Bittorrent. The fix is to increase the amount of connections to at least 1024 Edit [b:520b050d3e]/etc/sysctl.conf[/b:520b05........
  • Setup Static IP Address ONBOOT


    Setup Static IP Address ONBOOTAssuming you are using eth0 Note this will work for any version of CentOS and basically any version of Redhat Linux or Redhat based distribution. You would need to create a new file [code:1:02f8d34c30] /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0:0[/code:1:02f8d34c30] DEVICE=eth0:0 the ":0" at the end specifies alias 0 we could actually change this to ":99" or "........
  • Telus + 2Wire 2700 Router Horrible


    Telus + 2Wire 2700 Router HorribleWell first of all let me say this is the only router/switch that sometimes seems to crash/disconnect computers on the local network. This device also thought it would be smart to block VOIP packets coming from my Sipura ATA VOIP adapters so I disabled the [quote:cb89ba7bff]"Invalid TCP Flag Attacks (NULL/XMAS/Other)"[/quote:cb89ba7bff] option Then all of a sudden I couldn't get onto any web pages, the wireless........
  • Need identd for port 113 ? Install authd


    Need identd for port 113 ? Install authdyum install authd Happy identing :)Actually it's not that simple. It installs as an "xinetd" service and is disabled and turned off by deafult. To enable it run: [code:1:8c94df8319] chkconfig --level 3 auth on service xinetd restart [/code:1:8c94df8319] This will set identd aka authd to start by default. service xinetd resta........
  • Updating yum repos for DAG /etc/yum.repos.d


    Updating yum repos for DAG /etc/yum.repos.dIn /etc/yum.repos.d [quote:96456b2ab9]Create any file such as "CentOS-Dag.repo" in /etc/yum.repos.d[/quote:96456b2ab9] Add the following to the above file: [code:1:96456b2ab9] [dag] name=Dag RPM Repository For Red Hat Enterprise Linux baseurl=http://dag.atrpms.net/redhat/el$releasever/en/$basearch/dag/ http://dag.freshrpms.net/redhat/e........
  • Xorg fonts missing Xorg.0.log


    Xorg fonts missing Xorg.0.logThis happened on a PCBSD installation but it could happen on any Unix/Linux Xorg installation: If the text on your screen is too small and you're running at a high resolution if you do a [code:1:04ca0d3455]cat /var/log/Xorg.0.log | more [/code:1:04ca0d3455] You'll see a bunch of fonts missing, specifically the 75dpi and 100dpi ones that you really need :) (WW) The directory "/usr/X11........
  • E-Mail Tip


    E-Mail TipI just thought I'd give you guys a good tip about e-mail. It seems a lot of people like to use a Hotmail or ISP (eg. Telus) account for their e-mail but the problem is what happens if you switch ISPs, then your e-mail address no longer works and old friends might not be able to contact you. The same thing has happened for excite.com e-mail addresses where they just shut down. Whether you are a business owner or personal user can you afford to lose an e-mail........
  • Vonage & Linksys Offer Trade-In Program


    Vonage & Linksys Offer Trade-In ProgramVonage & Linksys Offer Trade-In Program Monday, June 13 @ 09:22:36 PDT Vonage is offering customers a way to get a free 802.11g router when they turn in their old one. advertising For a limited time, customers can trade-in their used router Ė any brand, any model Ė for a Linksys Wireless-G Router with 2 Phone Jacks for broadband telephony (WRTP54G) for free (after rebates), when they si........
  • The New Chips on the Block


    The New Chips on the BlockThe New Chips on the Block By Bruce Gain Story location: http://www.wired.com/news/infostructure/0,1377,67795,00.html 02:00 AM Jun. 13, 2005 PT We have embarked upon a new era in x86 PC computing -- so say chip giants AMD and Intel following their launches of dual-core PC processors. So how will dual-core processing change your PC computing experience? Our FAQ should help you decide whether or when you sho........
  • Trouble connecting between Windows XP and Windows 98 Shares


    Trouble connecting between Windows XP and Windows 98 SharesOk a few things to check for: * Disable all firewalls * Make sure NetBEUI is enabled on both computers * Make sure the Windows XP computer has the name of the computer logged in user of Windows 98 added as an XP user * Add the XP user to anything you want to share That fixed my problem........
  • MySQL Reserved Words


    MySQL Reserved Wordshttp://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/reserved-words.html You should familiarize yourself with these because you will have unexpected results if you use any of them. Eg. try creating a table with what you think is valid syntax like this: CREATE Table Order( .......); The word 'Order' is a reserved word and used to ORDER the results so you will get a syntax error from this one and you would think everything is........
  • PHPBB Drop All Tables


    PHPBB Drop All TablesSQL Syntax: [quote:75acd496c1]drop table phpbb_auth_access, phpbb_banlist, phpbb_categories, phpbb_config, phpbb_confirm, phpbb_disallow, phpbb_forum_prune, phpbb_forums, phpbb_groups, phpbb_posts, phpbb_posts_text, phpbb_privmsgs, phpbb_privmsgs_text, phpbb_ranks, phpbb_search_results, phpbb_search_wordlist, phpbb_search_wordmatch, phpbb_sessions, phpbb_smilies, phpbb_themes, phpbb_themes_name, phpbb_topics, phpbb_topics_watch, phpbb_user_group, p........
  • Create Table with structure of another existing table


    Create Table with structure of another existing tableOk, this has many valid uses such as if you need to create backups or the ability to undo changes, you would want to create new tables with the same structure as another. Here is how you do it. [i:7ed9581493] Also remember Indexes such as PRIMARY KEYS [b:7ed9581493]will not be preserved[/b:7ed9581493] so you will have to readd them manually.[/i:7ed9581493] [code:1:7ed9581493]CREATE TABLE NewName AS SEL........
  • CVSUp the Easy Way


    CVSUp the Easy WayIf you're reading this you probably have never used CVSUp or don't know how. CVSUp can be used for two things or just one if you prefer. *Keeping your kernel up to date *Keeping your port list up to date Start by editing the following file in: [b:76928b387d]vi /usr/share/examples/cvsup/cvs-upfile[/b:76928b387d] It can be quite overwhelming with all the crazy options. Basically there are only 3........
  • Intrusion Detection Resources


    Intrusion Detection ResourcesI think this could be very useful even for home users in learning how to secure their networks or even offices. http://www.sans.org/resources/idfaq/........
  • Other Security Web Sites


    Other Security Web SitesSeveral websites actively track security issues. This list provides you with the major providers of security information on the Web. Many of these organizations also provide newsletters and mailings to announce changes or security threats: Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS) CERIAS is an industry-sponsored center at Purdue University that is focused on technology and relate........
  • Clustering Links


    Clustering LinksI thought this might be interesting for people with spare time. [b:6423c19973]Great clustering article from Linux Mag[/b:6423c19973] http://www.linux-mag.com/2003-11/clusters_01.html [b:6423c19973]General Linux cluster information[/b:6423c19973] http://www.gdargaud.net/Hack/ClusterNotes.html#HighA http://www.faqs.org/docs/Linux-HOWTO/Cluster-HOWTO.html#s3 http://www.yolinux.com/TUTORIALS/LinuxClustersAndFileSys........
  • gnuCash - Alternative to Quickbooks/Quicken and other COTS accounting software.


    gnuCash is available for all main platforms, Linux/Unix, MacOS (FreeBSD anyway), and Windows. You can download gnuCash free from here. It does seem to be fairly full featured and somewhat straight forward, but like so many programs it is missing a few key features or things don't work quite right. It doesn't support importation of CSV files, which is a big minus. And the developers rather than wanting to add support have just dec........
  • pound a Linux Load Balance and Reverse Proxy


    I have played around with Pound a little bit. It is a reverse proxy and load balancer in one, and it can be used as only a reverse proxy if you like. It is very simple to configure as either, and Pound even senses if one of the systems is down and stops sending requests to the dead server. It supports SSL (but passes the request to the destination server unencrypted) and even the Apache log format. Pound is very simple, fast a........
  • Geoip and Geocity Packages


    The "Geoip" package is available on virtually all Linux and Unix like systems and is very handy in looking an IP address' corresponding country. The homepage of the maintainers is here. They also have a package called "Geocity" which can be downloaded from their site, it is still free and gives you a close indication of the city the visitor is from. You can........
  • Debian/Ubuntu/Kubuntu Bash/Console/Terminal/Putty Home and End Keys Don't Work or Produce a ~


    This is a very weird, annoying and bizarre quirk with many distributions, especially Debian. The home and end keys don't work, but it's a simple fix as long as you found this article :) You just have to edit /etc/inputrc: Find the commented lines as shown below: # "e[1~": beginning-of-line # "e[4~": end-of-line *If you can't find the above, just copy and paste the code below into your inputrc, it will en........
  • Create/Enable SSL Certificates for Apache on Linux/Unix Systems eg. Redhat,Centos,Debian


    Shortcut/Easiest Way To Create A Self-Signed Key: openssl req -new -x509 -nodes -days 1530 -out server.crt -keyout server.key Using the above, you instantly create a self-signed certificate valid for 1530 days and you can simply skip to step #5.) below. If You Need a Real SSLCertificate (eg. Equifax/Openssl) then you need to create a CSR request (you'll need to follow Steps 1.) and 2.) in order to create the CSR. You then upload the CSR Certi........
  • How to Track Down/Find Cause of Linux high disk iowait/wa


    top - 09:34:12 up 2 days, 20:57, 2 users, load average: 1.83, 1.99, 2.03 Tasks: 59 total, 2 running, 57 sleeping, 0 stopped, 0 zombie Cpu(s): 0.3%us, 0.0%sy, 0.0%ni, 0.0%id, 99.7%wa, 0.0%hi, 0.0%si, 0.0%st That 99.7% wa is iowait, it means the server is waiting for a process to complete an IOoperation or in plain English, there is a delay in........
  • Windows Vista sysprep.exe /generalize error "The computer restarted unexpectedly or encountered an unexpected error. Windows installation cannot proceed. To install Windows, click "OK" to restart the computer, and then restart the installation."


    I wanted to disable the "Administrator" account for security purposes and Iread some "guide" on the internet that recommended that we run "C:WindowsSystem32sysprepsysprep.exe /generalize". I also clicked the option for "Generalize" and the computer rebooted and gave some OOBE error and restarted, and now I get the error above no matter what. I read that some drivers such as ones from AVIRA AV can cause this because they're unsign........
  • Openvz "Container already locked" Error Message Solution/Fix


    I didn't find any useful information that actually fixed this. My VPS was in the "Running State" and I could not stop or restart it. I kept getting "Container already locked" no matter what Idid (I tried all the suggestions in the Google results for this error). Most of the suggestions were for Windows but I only use Linux. The other solutioins also said to restart the VZ service or even the entire hostnode and this was not acceptable to me........
  • Adventures in pre-paid SIM Cards and data GPRS/Edge/3G in China with China Mobile in Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing and other cities


    This really is a difficult and confusing process for non-Mandarin speakers, but here's what I've done and learned so far: You can purchase an "M-Zone" China Mobile pre-paid SIMCard from almost anywhere but I tried to purchase mine from Suning (a large electronics dealer) hoping they would be able to help me or answer my questions but my plan didn't work out at all. At Suning once I found someone who spoke some English they gave me the 55 RMB M-Zone China Mobile P........
  • iPhone Enable Tethering Manually Update ipcc Carrier Settings/Update via SSH


    Everyone says there is a "manual" way of doing it and then they tell you to use iTunes, but if you're like me, you're travelling on business in a foreign country and your laptop does not have iTunes and you don't have a way of getting it and/or don't want it. For this example I'm using the provider "du" in Dubai, UAE (United Arab Emirates) but this method works for virtually all providers. The requirements in this case to truly "manually update........
  • Clustered/Distributed Network Filesystems, Which Ones live up to the hype?


    I've tried to find a good sensible solution to cluster with and each technology has it's pros and cons and there is no perfect solution and I've found a lot of "exaggerations" in the applications, benefits and performance of these different filesystems. DRBD I first started off with DRBD and Ihave to say it does live up to the hype, is quite reliable (although it can be annoying to match up the kernel module and user applications since they must match and whe........
  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon - Updated with GlusterFS 2.0.8


    You might remember my original GluserFS/OpenVZ benchmark which produced a horrible 29.8 This is the exact same system, but using the latest 2.0.8 (with some small files patch which speeds up performance) you can see it is about 25% faster. I also haven't tuned my config files at all, but there are some settings that should increase performance on small files which I believe i........
  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon


    This is very disappointing since GlusterFS markets itself as a solution to deploy VPS servers on. On the HNitself I get a Unixbench of about 360. I'm also using an SSH tunnel to secure the communications, but even before that, things seemed very slow. # # # # # # # #####&n........
  • [error] server reached MaxClients setting, consider raising the MaxClients setting - Apache


    Have you ever seen this dreaded message in your Apache/HTTPD /var/log/httpd/error_log? [error] server reached MaxClients setting, consider raising the MaxClients setting The error itself is slightly misleading. Ibelieve this happened to one of my servers, I found Apache was running still, and that you could telnet to port 80 but no respnose would be given. For some reason my error log initially did not have the above error, but after a restart I saw........
  • sudo: Error dropping capabilities, aborting in Linux Centos 5.3


    For some reason Ikeep getting this error when trying to run a sudo command eg: sudo -u someuser somecommand sudo: Error dropping capabilities, aborting My version of sudo is:sudo-1.6.9p17-3.el5_3.1 and I've heard that version 1.7 fixes everything. The only thing is yum does not think sudo has any update. Iguess the new version has not been committed to the RPM repository yet. This is really a huge and ann........
  • Have an OpenVZ VPS/Linux Virtual Private Server and nothing works right?


    A VPS Server I had just wasn't working right, code that I migrated there just wasn't working. For example, it kept telling me the connection to the database was unsuccessful, halfway through iterating through results it already had. Then I realized it wasn't my code. Ichecked my /proc/user_beancounters and found this: cat /proc/user_beancounters Version: 2.5 uid resource held maxheld barrier limit failcnt........
  • MySQL Restoring And Dumping/Backing UP MySQL Data/Tables/Databases


    Backing MySQL Databases Backing Up/Dumping All Mysql Databases To A Single File mysqldump --all-databases -u admin -p > allmysqldatabases.sql The "-all-databases" clause is pretty obvious isn't it? It means that it will backup all databases. The "-u admin" means login using the user "admin", if you h........
  • OpenVZ/Virtuozzo Enable Fuse in Container


    To enable Fuse to work inside a OpenVZ container it's very simple (although some people say it can't be done). Remember that on your HN(HostNode) for OpenVZ, Fuse must be installed and the module must be loaded for this to work. In addition remember that you need the Fuse package installed inside the container of course. vzctl set 2000 --devices c:10:229:rw --save vzctl exec 2000 mknod /dev/fuse c 10 229 The part that most people forget........
  • How To Save iptables firewall rules Centos/Redhat/Fedora Linux


    This is something that annoys a lot of people, fortunately the Redhat style OS's are the most simple in this respect. I disagree that Debian's way makes sense, it is more of a hackish approach in how they implement iptables. Anyway, for those who are using Redhat/Centos style OS's it is very simple. Set your rules from the shell/command prompt and to save the iptables firewall rules so they are remember/loaded on boot just run this command: service iptables........
  • Unlocked iPhone 3GS and firwmare 3.0 battery short low life horrible


    This is pretty bad, ever since my phone has been unlocked the battery life is horrible. Many others have reported this issue on provider unlocked phones and even jail broken phones. We're talking issues as bad as losing 1% every 3 minutes which is what I seem to have observed as well. For now I'm going to relock the phone, and hopefully a firmware update will address this issue. This is very annoying and it seems apparent this is also happening on 3G phones and that........
  • Why Apple should thank the jailbreakers and not patch/stop the jailbreaking exploits


    First of all, the iPhone is crippled in many ways, but most of my complaints about functionality have been addressed through the jailbreak, Ican run apps in the background of my choosing, I can install a terminal, acccess my phone through SSH and SCP and so much more. It even addresses the 15 minute e-mail problem, I installed a program called "PushMod" and now set the checking time to just 1 minute. Apple should really thank the developers for this gift, it ma........
  • iPhone 3GS Jailbreak Information & Benefits


    Truly, the only way to unleash the capabilities and customization abilities of iPhone are to jailbreak, it's not just for hackers anymore. A few days ago someone by the named of "geohot" released a single click application called "purplera1n", which does the entire operation smoothly and seamlessly. In our case, the first time it went as far as "done, wait for reboot" on our Windows machine and for minutes we waited and saw the pic on the iPhone w........
  • iPhone 3GS 32GB "Harsh Review"


    Yes, Iadmit I finally got bitten by the hype as much as I can usually see through it all. Keep in mind this review is of the "stock" phone, no jailbreaking yet which is what really unleashes the customizability and whyI bought iPhone. I had better things to say about this phone before buying it, and it is a great phone, perhaps the best on the market by far, if not because of the Mac OS port onto the iPhone and all the apps, etc, etc. With that said........
  • iPhone has no password/wand manager saving feature in Safari Web Browser


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  • iPhone Safari Browser and TinyMCE Support


    This is unfortunate and frustrating as many sites use it, a lot of people are frustrated that TinyMCE does not work on the iPhone Safari browser. Apparently the developer of TinyMCE's answer is "talk to Apple about it" It's really frustrating although, I wonder if any other mobile phones are able to use TinyMCE or not, whatever the case is it would be nice to find a solution to use TinyMCE on the........
  • Weird characters in Linux putty shell


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  • Apple iPhone 3GS and predecessors are leading a revolution


    As much of a computer nerd as Iam, I'm usually a late adopter to technology for a few reasons. Ifeel most new hyped technologies and electronics are mainly fads, and I'm also cheap. Adopting later means you avoid the bugs, kinks and most importantly pay the lowest price, that's me being cheap again :) I never read much about the iPhone but Isaw all the hype around it and until recently I wasn't a big fan of anything Apple until a few years ago I realize........
  • Nokia N97 review, feedback and complaints


    I've had an old Blackberry for a few years and I was ready to spend some serious cash on a nice Nokia. I love the idea of the Linux based Symbian S60 OS, so I was looking at phones like the E63, E71 (both are basically the same, at least CPU/screensize although E71 is thinner, has a 3MP camera, has GPS, and has dedicated buttons to adjust the volume). Then Iheard about the N97 and what a revolution it was supposed to be and it was even compared to iPhone. To........
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    Icouldn't understand why on one system it took a few minutes to get the SSHlogin prompt when connecting to other systems. The other systems all had the UseDNS parameter set to no, which almost always resolves the login prompt delay. The reason is Ubuntu and perhaps Debian and other distributions /etc/nsswitch.conf file Edit yours to have the "hosts" line like so (notice that files and dns are the primary resolution choice........
  • resume: could not stat the resume device file


    resume: could not stat the resume device file I got that after migrating to a different physical hard drive, it wanted to resume from a swap partition that no longer exists. This is actually controlled by "uswsusp.conf" in /etc Just edit it and remove the device or change it to the correct new swap file.........
  • SSH Server Slow/Lagged/Delayed Login Response


    This is really something the SSHServer developers should consider. The cause of this annoyance is because of failed DNS lookups on your IPaddress, which is especially common for many dedicated/col-located servers and also computers on internal NAT/private networks. The chances are this is the cause of your SSHSlow/Delayed Login problems. The easy solution to SSH Login Problems Edit /etc/ssh/sshd_config Add this line to disable r........
  • SIOCSIFADDR No such device eth0 error while getting interface flags - eth0 Ethernet Device can


    Igot this after copying a VMWare image onto another machine in Debian. SIOCSIFADDR No such device eth0 error while getting interface flags The solution 1.) Find and edit the device line in persisent-net.rules note it will be prefixed with something like z25 or something else. vi /etc/udev/rules.d/z25_persistent-net.rules The easiest way is to comment anything out. If you are feeling........
  • OCFS2 crash


    When trying to even cd or ls the mounted OCFS2 partition it crashes. Ithink this is a combination of VMWare Server's problem and the way I mounted and symlinked to it. More than anything this shows the problem and lack of forsight with VMWare, but also that OCFS2 is easily crashed if you do strange things. Output of /var/log/messages for OCFS2 Apr 10 15:57:45 localhost kernel: [84331.691258] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon ocfs2_stac........
  • Samba SMB Error - Server not using user level security and no password supplied. tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD


    Server not using user level security and no password supplied. tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP. It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........
  • Configuring OCFS2 Clustered File System on Debian Based Linux including Ubuntu and Kubuntu


    There's a lot of information and guides on OCFS2 for RHELand Centos Linux but the package setup and configuration is slightly different and this has thrown some people off. Installing OC2FS You should install the following packages to get started: apt-get install ocfs2-tools ocfs2console Configure OC2FS In RHEL/Centos the main configuration file is located in /etc/sysconfig/o2cb However in Debian based Linux it is located........
  • Viewing and Connecting to an SMB Samba Share on Windows/Linux/Unix


    This will give you the basic info needed to browse and connect to Samba shares from the command line. From the GUI of Gnome or KDE etc, it is pretty standard and straight forward. However, I've found very little guides on how to do it from the command line and if you're like me, a nerd who prefers command line for its simplicity and for remote use, this is the way to go. First get a list of all the Samba/SMB shares on the target. smbclient -L hostname........
  • ENOM Major Outage


    At this time we can't resolve Enom's website and all DNS requests to their 4 primary name servers are failing, although the hostnames themselves still resolve: Name Server: DNS1.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS2.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS3.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS4.NAME-SERVICES.COM Name Server: DNS5.NAME-SERVICES.COM You would really think Enom, bein........
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