• ImageMagick Convert PDF Not Authorized


    You'll have to edit the policy.xml file to fix this: convert -density 300 output.pdf agreement.jpg convert.im6: not authorized `output.pdf' @ error/constitute.c/ReadImage/454. convert.im6: no images defined `agreement.jpg' @ error/convert.c/ConvertImageCommand/3044. sudo vi /etc/ImageMagick*/policy.xml #change # ........
  • Ubuntu/Gnome/Mint/Centos How To Take a partial screenshot


    By default printscreen or alt print screen will get the whole desktop or the application in focus, respectively. But what if you want to select a portion of the screen? gnome-screenshot: ksnapshot compiz This is a nicely integrated solution sudo apt-get install compizconfig-s........
  • ssh how to verify your host key / avoid MIM attacks


    SSH helps keep us secure in many ways, one of those is the host-key fingerprint which is unique. If you have been connecting to an SSH server that you've made no changes to and suddenly ssh warns that the key doesn't match then you have a problem. But how about connecting to an existing server for the first time on a new machine or client? A lot of new clients calculate it using an SHA256 hash but it is not as easy on your host machine to produce the sam........
  • Cisco IP Phone CP-8845 8800/8900 Series How To Reset To Factory Settings Instructions


    This would be crucial especially if the phone is hardened, not being able to reset or change settings could prevent a phone registering in a new environment or even when migrating from office to office. Here is Cisco's guide (timing is everything and it is more tricky than trying to jail break your iPhone): Step 1 -- While powering up the phone, press and hold #. Step 2 -- When the light on the mute button and h........
  • ls how to list ONLY directories


    The key thing is the "-d" flag and the */ at the end of the path. Just do this: ls -d */ It would list all directories in the pwd If you want a path do this: ls -d /var/log/*/ /var/log/apt/ /var/log/hp/ /var/log/samba/ /var/log/ConsoleKit/ /var/log/installer/ /var/log/speech-dispatcher........
  • Firefox Cannot Hit Enter Key In Address Bar and Location History Not Working


    Opening Firefox from the CLI reveals the following as the cause of the error: Query failed: Error: Error(s) encountered during statement execution: no such table: moz_favicons The symptoms of this issue are that in the address bar you cannot hit enter to browse to a site/url/address and your history cannot be accessed, nor does your history show up in the address bar when typing previously used addresses. This usually happens because you've........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP 8.6,10,12 Install Error Solution


    Install Errors on Version 12: This error happened on QEMU emulator version 2.11.1 pve-qemu-kvm_2.11.1-5 on Proxmox/Debian but installing on QEMU.12 on Centos 6 did not produce the error. *Update it is not related to the OS or QEMU version. This happened in Centos 6 too after a second install. What really causes this even though you successfully install........
  • Ubuntu Debian Mint Linux SSHD OpenSSH Server Not Starting After Reboot Solution


    If you get error messages like this it is usually because /var/run/sshd does not exist. root@userbox:/# service sshd status ● ssh.service - OpenBSD Secure Shell server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/ssh.service; enabled; vendor preset: enab Active: failed (Result: start-limit-hit) since Wed 2019-04-10 02:24:44 EDT; 1 Process: 511 ExecStartPre=/usr/sbin/sshd -t (code=exited, status=255)........
  • Windows 7,8,10 and Server 2008, 2012, 2016, 2019 Read Only Attribute Won't Go Away


    I have seen this in a few rare cases after a reboot, where all folders and files will have the Read Only Attribute. If you uncheck it, it will just come back. It is more of a filesystem issue in Windows than a configuration issue and it looks like when Windows detects a badly corrupted filesystem that it will make things read-only, sort of like Linux would. If you are Administrator or the owner of the folder and this is happening it is probably due to the reasoning mention........
  • bind / named how to make a wildcard record and retain defined A records


    It is almost as intuitive as we would like it is just a *. So literally: *INA 127.0.0.1 Complete working bind zonefile below: $TTL 86400 @ IN SOA ns.rtt.ca. ns2.rtt.ca. ( 1247605715; Serial &n........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager 12 Install Errors on Proxmox/KVM


    The strange thing is that usually the first install or two will work on any new machine but then it suddenly won't. I had this experience on QEMU 2.13 on a different machine. There is something finicky or buggy about the CUCM installer even when choosing the same virtual hardware specs. qemu-kvm command: /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -version QEMU PC emulator version 0.12.1 (qemu-kvm-0.12.1.2-2.506.el6_10.1), Copyright (c) 2003-2008 Fabrice Bellard ........
  • Cisco Unified Communications Manager / CUCM IP Telephony Definitions


    DN = Directory Number: It is basically the extension of the phone In the example below, 55 is a DN assigned to the phone.........
  • SSH Keep Alive To stop Disconnections


    Are you tired of coming back to your computer only to find your SSH connections have been broken? Even worse are the ones that hang where it appears to be connected but it is really not. The one option you have is an SSHclient side modification to send KeepAlive packets, sometimes this can also keep up your WiFi connection and stop it from disconnecting you as well. To make the keep alive changes for your just yourself (not system wide)........
  • Linux How To Disable SATA NCQ For Better Performance


    This is the closest way to disabling it without using the "libata.force=noncq" kernel boot option is to set the queue to a depth of 1 which doesn't actually disable it. Change the sdc below to match the device you want to disable NCQ for. [root@officebox ~]# echo "1" > /sys/block/sdc/device/queue_depth Errors that indicate you are having a performance issue are these in messages or dmesg relating to N........
  • the sign-in method you're trying to use isn't allowed. For more info, contact your network administrator - solution for active directory


    This is usually because the Group Policy forbids that user or group from logging in. run "gpmc" (not "gpedit.msc" as that is for local computer settings when you are not using Active Directory) or go to Administrative Tools and Group Policy Management. Edit the default domain policy like below........
  • gsmartcontrol for Windows to Check the SMART S.M.A.R.T status


    gsmartcontrol is a free tool that let's you see the status of the SMART parameters so you can check things like temperature, reallocated sectors, bad sectors etc.. to give you a better idea of your drive health. Download it here. gsmartcontrol is a very useful tool in Windows to check your HDD / Hard Drive health status. In my experience you should NEVER trust that everything is OK just because SMAR........
  • WebRTC Vulnerability Shows Local IP Address Even When Using a Proxy or VPN Firefox Fix And Disable Solution


    If you visit a site that exploits the WebRTC vulnerability including whatismyipaddress.com it may show "Local IP Address" which would be the real IP of your machine. The vulnerability works on Windows and Linux machines (contrary to false information on the web which claims it only affects Windows). The above works and happens even if you are using a proxy or VPNaccount like ProVPNAccounts.com It is easy........
  • chroot in Linux Howto Simple and Easy Guide


    chroot which stands for change root allows you to virtually operate in another operating system even though you haven't booted it. It is commonly used to deploy new distros, applications and to fix a broken Linux/Unix install or prep a new system image without having to physically boot the drive or disk. So in this example let's say we have a drive that has a Linux OS installed on /dev/sdb1 and we have mounted this partition on /mnt/sdb1 The key point is to edit the &quo........
  • qemu-kvm qemu-system Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw. Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted. Specify the 'ra


    WARNING: Image format was not specified for '/mnt/space/cucm12.img' and probing guessed raw. Automatically detecting the format is dangerous for raw images, write operations on block 0 will be restricted. Specify the 'raw' format explicitly to remove the restrictions. #you should manually specify the format q........
  • Linux Over VNC VMWare How To Switch Virtual Terminals Console Without Using Ctrl+Alt+F1


    This is a common issue that I haven't seen many answers for on the internet. When you are using Linux as your host machine and you are connecting to another Linux machine over VNC you CANNOT use Ctrl+Alt+F1 to change virtual consoles as it sends the keys to your actual local machine. In many versions of Linux you can cycle through virtual terminals including over VNC using this: Alt + Left Arrow or Alt + Right Arrow This........
  • Linux bash prompt why does it not show username@host and the current directory?


    Perhaps you've just seen this in the bash prompt: -bash-4.1# Instead of the expected user@hostname# It is probably because you are missing .bash_profile or .bashrc in your home directory Check for yourself: ls -al ~/|grep -E ".bash_profile|.bashrc" -rw-r--r--. 1 root root&nbs........
  • Microsoft SQL Server Check What Version is Running


    This may sound silly but often on the same machine multiple versions of SQL may be installed due to other applications. How do we know which one we are running and connected to? Use the query: select @@version ........
  • How to install and setup LXC Containers (OpenVZ alternative) on Centos 6 / 7


    If you don't aleady have it, you'll need EPEL Install LXC yum -y install lxc lxc-templates Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Setting up Install Process Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * base: mirror.it.ubc.ca * epel: mirrors.kernel.org * extras: mirror.it.ubc.ca * updates:........
  • SSH persistent and automatic login script for proxy


    #!/bin/bash sshcommand="ssh -N -R 20000:localhost:22 user@8.8.8.8" result=`ps aux|grep $sshcommand"|grep -v grep` if [ -z "$result" ]; then echo "we are going to connect" $sshcommand else echo "we are already connected" fi This is a handy script you can use and then add it to cron. Save........
  • ssh reverse proxy to enable remote access behind a LAN and firewall


    So say you are behind a typical NAT/LAN setup whether at home, work or while travelling. What if you have a computer or server that you need to connect to from the outside? Yes you could use a VPN but a quick and dirty, temporary and secure way is to use SSH's Reverse Tunneling Proxy feature. Requirements On the remote ssh server host you need the GatewayPorts option enabled in sshd_config (be........
  • How To Use Letsencrypt SSL/TLS Encryption to Create Certificates without installing on the target machine


    For some reason, perhaps you don't want to run a daemon or let Letsencrypt have access to your production server. There is a way to use it like a normal CSR/CA setup in manual mode. ./letsencrypt-auto certonly --manual -d realtechtalk.com - www.realtechtalk.com   Eventually you will get prompted to create a certain path and file with certain data: Create a file containing just this data: Casdfasfadsfsad........
  • bash if statement with wildcard string matching


    In this case if fullurl started with http://www. then it is a match Note that you CANNOT put quotes around it or it becomes a literal match which will not work as intended in the bash script example below. if [[ $fullurl == http://www.* ]]; then echo "do something" fi Another example say we want to delete every file or dir in a path except sometihng that starts with "hellothere": for file in `l........
  • Cisco Router Setup Guide and Tutorial Howto With Commands and Examples


    In most of the Cisco router IOS I find the ports like ge0/0 ge0/1 and ge0/2 or whatever your ports are down. They will not even give you a link light. So one of the first tasks should be getting the port you are working with up. In my case the first goal is often connectivity with the LAN and WAN. LAN = your local area network (eg. in the office/home ) WAN= your ISP/public internet (eg. fiber/cable/dsl/ethernet). In these examples I as........
  • Linux Bash Script To List All Connected IPs and their network name


    for ip in `netstat -nt|awk '{ print $5 }'|cut -d ":" -f 1|tail -n +3|sort|uniq`; do echo $ip;whois $ip|grep -i netname;echo "---------------------------" done 77.88.47.40 netname: YANDEX-77-88-47 --------------------------- 40.77.167.5 ------........
  • Cisco Switch Setup Guide Command List


    Enter configuration console: enable configure terminal This is important because if your console doesn't look like below none of the commands will work! Switch(config)# Save and Apply Settings wr Show Switch Configuration: show run Show Port List/Sta........
  • Cisco 2960 Switch Reset To Factory Defaults


    *The easy way is to just hold the mode button for 10+ seconds. The full/proper way is below: 1.) Either power on the unit and hold the "mode" button or hold the "mode" button until you see the below: 00:04:08: %SYS-7-NV_BLOCK_INIT: Initalized the geometry of nvram 00:04:08: %EXPRESS_SETUP-6-CONFIG_IS_RESET: The configuration is reset and the system will now reboot 00:04:09: %SYS-5-REL........
  • How To Boot Cisco CUCM UCSInstall 8.6, 10, 11 and 12 on KVM/Proxmox


    The key thing is that you must use a "machine"id of "pc-1.3" or it will say your hardware is not supported. Additionally you MUST use a virtio disk or you will get a ks_pre.sh error as soon as the install starts (a look at logs will show it can't find a disk). This is funny because even though the OS finds the disk and an fdisk -l shows it, it looks like the script looks for a /dev/vda device (virtio) and nothing else, so if you didn't use Virtio as you........
  • VBOX VirtualBox How To Import Raw .img Disk File


    What you need to do if you have taken a dd or real raw image dump of a hard disk: VBoxManage convertdd windows2019-eval-template.img windows2019.vdi --format VDI The .img is the raw dd dump and the .vdi is the output file. --format VDIspecifies to output to .vdi format If you are in a pinch you can always use qemu-kvm binary and manually specify the .img as your disk and i........
  • proxmox vm networking breaks when you restart your network on the hostnode


    Idid a systemctl restart networking and it broke Proxmox VM connectivity! #proxmox is the problem after restarting the network the tap devices go to disabled state [2230884.919905] vmbr0: port 7(tap118i0) entered disabled state [2230884.948864] vmbr0: port 8(tap122i0) entered disabled state [2230884.972748] vmbr0: port 6(tap119i0) entered disabled state [2230885.004745] vmbr0: port 5(tap117i0) entered disabled state [2230885.03673........
  • LUKS Hard Drive Encryption on Linux Mint Ubuntu Debian etc how to mount encrypted hard drive


    The key thing here is to know the actual partition that is encrypted. Often in Linux Mint's installer that ends up being partition 5 or /dev/sda5 sudo cryptsetup luksOpen /dev/sda5 anynamehere You will then be prompted for your irrecoverable passphrase: Enter passphrase for /dev/sda5: If all goes well it won't say anything further. If it says ""No key available with this passphr........
  • Linux Mint 18.2 Create Config File To Start Application Upon Login


    This is not about systemd/systemctl and not about "onboot" so there's no rc.local trick here but it's the GUI/Gnome etc when a user logs in that a command is launched. Put this in your home dir The .config/autostart directory is where Linux Mint/Ubuntu checks for autostart application config files mkdir -p ~/.config/autostart Create a new entry/file that starts an application........
  • Centos 7 Reallocate logical volume space to another


    Do you hate how Centos 7 defaults to allocating most of your valuable space to /home even though it is a production server? Here is a quick guide on how to take back that space live, while online (of course make sure you have backups just in case something goes wrong!): First we will reduce our home dir by 100G: lvreduce -L -100G /dev/mapper/centos-home WARNING: Reducing active and open logical volume to ........
  • letsencrypt certbot error "Unable to find a virtual host listening on port 80 which is currently needed for Certbot to prove to the CA that you control your domain. Please add a virtual host for port 80."


    ./certbot-auto --apache certonly Saving debug log to /var/log/letsencrypt/letsencrypt.log Plugins selected: Authenticator apache, Installer apache No names were found in your configuration files. Please enter in your domain name(s) (comma and/or space separated) (Enter 'c' to cancel): yourdomain.com Obtaining a new certificate Performing the following challenges: http-01 challenge for yourdomain.com Cleaning........
  • SSH error cannot Forward or Listen "bind: Cannot assign requested address"


    debug1: Local connections to LOCALHOST:18006 forwarded to remote address 192.168.1.93:8006 debug1: Local forwarding listening on 127.0.0.1 port 18006. debug1: channel 0: new [port listener] debug1: Local forwarding listening on ::1 port 18006. bind: Cannot assign requested address What we are seeing is that we can't listen on an IPV6 address of ::1. We need to tell SSH to stop using IPV6 so we'll edit ssh_config to take care of this issue........
  • X11 SSH Linux Forwarding Error


    Jan 30 17:16:10 localhost sshd[25385]: error: Failed to allocate internet-domain X11 display socket. The solution for me on the server side was the following in sshd_config: AddressFamily inet *Remember to restart sshd and also reconnect from the client side. Ihad all the normal X11 settings on the server but it just stopped........
  • Thunderbird How To Disable An Email Account


    Navigate to Tools -> Account Settings -> Server Settings Uncheck the following: "Check for new messages on startup" "Check for new messages every NN minutes" "Automatically download new messages". Source: http://forums.mozillazine.org/viewtopic.php?t=635510........
  • iptables linux firewall recommended rules for public computing


    Whether you are at work, at the coffee shop or on the public internet here are some basic but effective rules for iptables that lock things down (eg. no one can SMB or SSH to you or really anything): # Generated by iptables-save v1.4.21 on Fri Dec 14 14:00:08 2018 *nat :PREROUTING ACCEPT [160:19844] :INPUT ACCEPT [4:357] :OUTPUT ACCEPT [2955:182236] :POSTROUTING ACCEPT [2955:182236] COMMIT # Completed on Fri Dec 14........
  • LVM How To Create Pool (dynamically allocated and not fully allocated)


    The main use I have for this is virtual servers being able to use an LVM volume but not occupying all of the space. It saves time in deploying machines and copying them so you are only copying the space they are using (eg. 5GB / 60GB vs the full 60GB). There are some disadvantages which is mainly the fact that thin pools by their nature allow you to "overallocate" disk space which is that you could use more space than is available on the disk itself and corrupt your data........
  • VMWare Pro Workstation Nic Disconnected and No IP Using NAT


    By default VMWare Workstation often doesn't work as we would like. If you create a VM with a default NAT IP it won't work you will find the NIC is disconnected (even though on the VMWare side it says connected including at Power On). How To Solve It 1.) Create New VMNet for NAT Click "Edit" -> "Virtual Network Editor" Click "Add Network" Select Network To Add "VMNet1" (........
  • mdadm force resync when resync=PENDING solution


    cat /proc/mdstat Personalities : [linear] [multipath] [raid0] [raid1] [raid10] [raid6] [raid5] [raid4] md127 : active (auto-read-only) raid10 sdc1[0] sdb1[2] 1953382400 blocks super 1.2 512K chunks 2 far-copies [2/1] [U_] resync=PENDING bitmap: 15/15 pages [60KB], 65536KB chunk Solution force repai........
  • Proxmox Breaks Storage/LVM Backing If Killing QEMU-IMG


    I tried to stop a qemu-img copy or clone and it broke everything. It was fine to "stop" it from the GUI but a process still persisted so I killed the relevant qemu-img and the kernel went crazy. It also may not have helped that I tried to lvremove a different volume (an unused disk). But either way it breaks LVM (you cannot even run lvdisplay) so a reboot is necessary. Jan 17 06:45:21 testserver kernel: [ 5680.439337] systemd-udevd D 0&nbs........
  • PHP Issues With Decoding Strange Smart Quotes And Non-Standard ASCII Characters


    When using strip_tags and html_entity_decode with PHPit often breaks and produces annoying diamonds with question marks. It is probably because of characters like these: … (looks like 3 dots but it is a single weird character). ’ (looks like a normal apostraphe but it is not) ” (looks like a normal double quote but it is not). An easy way to sort this out is to copy the above and search in an ASCII table to extend the functional........
  • /etc/iproute2/rt_tables default settings file in Linux Centos 6,7 and most other NIX's


    This should apply to most Linux distributions just incase you get into trouble or wipe out the defaults by accident. /etc/iproute2/rt_tables # # reserved values # 255 local 254 main 253 default 0 unspec # # local # #1 inr.ruhep........
  • bind named error solutions named[2169]: error (no valid DS) resolving / error (broken trust chain) resolving / : error (no valid RRSIG) resolving 'com/DS/IN':


    Below are the common errors you'll get with named AKA bind if your time is incorrect. The simplest solution is to install and run ntpd to correct your system's time (install ntpd if it is not installed) systemctl start ntpd systemctl enable ntpd Dec 20 13:36:16 hostingbox named[2169]: error (no valid DS) resolving 'develop.waxrain.com/A/IN': 14.215.150.17#53........
  • iptables how to log ALL dropped incoming packets


    A lot of people just have a -j DROP to drop all unwanted traffic or traffic not explicitly allowed but there is a better solution if you want real and proper logging: Take an example iptables rules file -A INPUT -m state --state RELATED,ESTABLISHED -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -i eth1 -p icmp -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -i eth1 -j ACCEPT -N LOGGING -A INPUT -j LOGGING -A LOGGING -j LOG --log-pre........
  • How To Edit Linux Based NM Network Manager Connection Settings Without GUI


    Just find the relevant file in /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections sudo vi /etc/NetworkManager/system-connections/Wired connection 1 [802-3-ethernet] duplex=full mac-address=00:00:00:FE:FE:FE [connection] id=Wired connection 1 type=802-3-ethernet timestamp=1532403341 [ipv6] method=ignore [ipv4] method=manual........
  • Linux use growisofs to burn a larger file on a BD-R / Bluray Disc


    growisofs -Z /dev/sr0 critical.tar.gz.gpg Executing 'genisoimage critical.tar.gz.gpg | builtin_dd of=/dev/sr0 obs=32k seek=0' I: -input-charset not specified, using utf-8 (detected in locale settings) File critical.tar.gz.gpg is larger than 4GiB-1. -allow-limited-size was not specified. There is no way do represent this file size. Aborting. :-( write failed: Input/output error #remember to us........
  • Linux partprobe/partx cannot access last and 4th partition


    On a test machine Iwas never able to access to a newly created 4th partiton. As we can see there are dev devices for everything but the 4th partition. The normal "partprobe" or "kpartx" or kernel being told to rescan the block device didn't help (only a reboot did). fdisk -l /dev/sda Disk /dev/sda: 750.2 GB, 750156374016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 91201 cylinders Units........
  • DRBD Errors Caused By Physical Corruption


    In a RAID array I had a have periodically lost a drive here and there over the past several months. Iwas always able to readd and resync without losing data. However at some point it looks like some minor corruption happened and this makes DRBD unhappy. Using fsck did not help either. Dec 19 06:01:45 storageboxtest4 kernel: [19005.945890] EXT3-fs error (device drbd0): ext3_get_inode_loc: unable to read inode block - inode=22184379........
  • mdadm: add new device failed for /dev/sdb4 as 3: Invalid argument solution


    mdadm --manage /dev/md125 -a /dev/sdb4 mdadm: add new device failed for /dev/sdb4 as 3: Invalid argument Dec 19 01:23:48 storageboxtest kernel: [ 2328.854491] md: sdb4 does not have a valid v1.2 superblock, not importing! Dec 19 01:23:48 storageboxtest kernel: [ 2328.854499] md: md_import_device returned -22 #zero the superblock and try again! mdadm --zero-superblock /dev/sdb4 mdadm --ma........
  • Why SMART is not smart at all and doesn't properly predict disk errors that cause a kernel panic or crash


    Before getting into the output here is my typical experience with SMART, there is what I call a "bad disk" with pending and uncorrectable sectors that cannot be reallocated. It has caused a kernel panic and system crash repeatedly as we can see from the logs. But SMART says it has "PASSED" its self assessment. SMART is still useful to me but it is more about looking at Current_Pending_Sector. Any time I have had anything but 0 for that attribute it........
  • VirtualBox How To Add iSCSI Storage using VBoxManage


    #to show all VBoxManage list vms #show ONLY running vms VBoxManage list runningvms VBoxManage storageattach test --storagectl "SATA" --port 0 --device 0 --type hdd --medium iscsi --server 192.168.1.91 --target "iqn.2018-12.local.abcrandom.target:sdb" --initiator "iqn.1982-01.ca.bla.tld:abc123" --t........
  • iSCSI on Centos 7 Configuration and Setup Guide for Initiator and Target


    initiator = client target = server These are the first concepts you should understand which is that in iscsi essentially the "initiator" is the client and the "target" is the server. iSCSI is derived from the old fashioned SCSI that us oldtimers grew to love. The "i" stands for Internet and the SCSI stands for "Small Computers Systems Interface" (SCSI). iSCSI Target (Server)Setup targetcli is the pac........
  • Python and BeautifulSoup4's BS4's Decompose Method To Remove Unwanted Inner Tags


    < a href="/Products/MX72244"> < span class="c-shca-icon-item__body-name-brand"> ADATA < / span> &nbs........
  • httpd AH00534: httpd: Configuration error: No MPM loaded. solution


    httpd AH00534: httpd: Configuration error: No MPM loaded. Simple Solution (assuming you don't have this line in httpd.conf aleady: echo "Include conf.modules.d/*.conf" >> /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf ........
  • bash script to remove modules from httpd.conf that are not actually installed


    confmodules=`cat /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf |grep -v ^#|grep "modules/"|awk '{print $3}'|cut -d "/" -f 2` for module in $confmodules; do echo "module=$module" if [ ! -f /etc/httpd/modules/$module ]; then linenum=`awk /"$module/{ print NR; exit}" /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf` sed -i "$linenum"s/.*// /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf &n........
  • bash scripting how to create a function


    function centos7 { release=`cat /etc/redhat-release|awk '{print $4}'|grep ^[7]` if [ "$release" != "" ]; then centos7='yes' fi } centos7 echo "$centos7" We create a function called "centos7" and then call it by just typing "centos7" We then access a variable that may be set........
  • How Does Cisco CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) Work?


    Cisco's CUCM (Cisco Unified Communication Manager) is a system that combines voice, video, data and mobile products into a single unified management suite. At its core, the CUCMis like a "Super PBX" that controls the flow of all communications through an organization even single or multiple site deployments. Cisco's CUCMmakes communication more effective and simple through centralized management and unification of communications resources.........
  • What DNS Options Does Active Directory Offer in Windows Server 2008,2012,2016 ?


    What Is Active Directory? Active Directory is essentially an enhanced, centralized database with a set of objects that make user management, authorization, and data management simpler. Active Directory is synonymous with "Domain Controllers" where a single "domain" often consists of multiple sites and members of the domain. Multiple domains can also be joined to belong to a tree ( a collection of domains). And the highest layer is the forest whi........
  • bash script how to to check LAN computers for open ports


    In this case it just searches for port 80 it is fairly handy if you have some sort of appliance or something else you aren't sure of the IPof Of course change the port 80 port to whatever port(s) you want. for ip in `arp -n|arp -n|tail -n +2|head -n -1 |grep -v incomplete|awk '{print $1}'`; do echo "checking $ip:80" nc -w 1 -z $ip 80 if [ "$?" == 0 ]; then echo "**Port 8........
  • MySQL Using mytop Debug Source of High IO and Slow Performance


    mytop is one of my favorite tools and it is fairly simple aside from a few caveats and issues that persist to this day. To install it on Centos: yum -y install centos Configure ~/.mytop vi ~/.mytop user=root host=localhost db=test #port=3306 socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock header=1 color=1 Try runni........
  • How To Mathematically Convert and Calculate Binary Value To Decimal Value


    When converting binary the easiest way is to write out a vertical list in a format like below and follow the formula in the table. Example Convert 1101 1111 to decimal. Step 1.) Write out the binary below in vertical form (leave lots of space on the left side). Keep this in mind that the "previous sum" starts at 0 on your first line. Step 2.) Formula: 2 *........
  • systemd management using systemctl and journalctl to check systemd logs


    systemd is like the service manager for your Centos and other modern Linux distributions (including Debian/Mint/Ubuntu) allows you to enable services, stop them, restart them, check their status and even reboot your system. The key commands or arguments you will use with systemctl are the following: Unit Commands: list-units [PATTERN...] List loaded units &nbs........
  • Linux What is umask (user mask) for file and directory creation permissions and how to calculate umask and change the defaults


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  • IcedTea Java Web Viewer Config Utility How To Enter


    In at least Ubuntu and Mint there is nothing intuitive about configuring Java. Execute it to get to it: itweb-settings You'll be able to configure different options and variables. You can also check under Security as some of those settings could prevent applets from starting or prompting to........
  • How To Install Seamonkey Web Browser on Debian Ubuntu Linux Mint


    It's a little tricky if you are running a 64-bit OS which most people will be. The weird thing is that the Seamonkey website for Linux seems to only provide a 32-bit download. seamonkey-2.49.2.tar.bz2 First unpack it tar -jxvf seamonkey-2.49.2.tar.bz2 Try to run it ./seamonkey XPCOMGlueLoad error for file /home/queenlazina/Downloads/seamonkey/libmozgtk.so: lib........
  • SMF Forums / Simple Machines Forums Not Displaying Images Theme or Styles Properly using 127.0.0.1


    This is one thing that has me wondering about SMF. It is apparently a known issue but in the latest version and new install nothing looked right because it was using http://127.0.0.1 to find everything! How on earth would it ever do this or think it is normal? Excerpt of crazy html code it produces that causes the issue: ........
  • MySQL How To Grant Access To ALL Databases For Export and Backup Purposes


    GRANT SELECT, LOCK TABLES ON *.* TO yourmysqluser@localhost; All you need to do a full MySQL dump on all databases is the SELECT and LOCK TABLES privileges. This way you don't have to use the mysql root user. Data could be compromised this way but at least no harm from manipulation, changes or deletion are possible by locking down the privileges to the minimum for a full MySQL dump and backup.........
  • mdadm how to stop or start a check


    It's fairly simple to start or stop a check but I do wish mdadm's command had this built in. Sometimes it will do a check at the worst time causing the server to crawl to a halt. Stop check on md126: echo idle > /sys/block/md126/md/sync_action Start check on md126: echo check > /sys/block/md126/md/sync_action ........
  • vzquota : (error) Quota on syscall for id 4532: No such file or directory vzquota on failed [3] OpenVZ Error and Solution


    Starting container... vzquota : (error) Quota on syscall for id 4532: No such file or directory vzquota on failed [3] Solution vzquota drop 4532 Then start the container and it should work. It actually happened after migrating the VPS manually to ano........
  • Apache htaccess Custom ErrorDocument not working properly for root home page 403 Error Issue and Solution


    So I have a domain "testdomain.com". Inside test domain.com's root is the following .htaccess: Options +FollowSymLinks -Indexes ErrorDocument 403 /launch/index.html Order Deny,Allow Deny From All Allow From 192.168.1.2 When you visit anything other than root things work fine. Eg. if you visit http://testdomain.com/somedirfile.html It will show the right error in /launch/........
  • syslinux / pxelinux how to boot from local drive how to


    Just type the command: localboot By default it will boot the first local drive "0". Ibelieve you can specify a different number to boot a different device. eg. localboot 3 (will boot the 4th BIOS device)'........
  • How To Install Windows Server 7 8 10 12 2008 2012 2014 2016 Servers Desktops using Linux tftp, dhcpd and samba


    It has been a big pain for a long-time to install Windows from a Linux environment. I used to run a windows install server and it never worked right for some reason (the install would fail on most servers). Before getting start be sure to setup your samba share so once you boot into WinPE you can mount the install for whatever Windows you want /etc/samba/smb.conf [smbwinstall] path = /tftpboot/images/winstall guest ok = yes........
  • error: Could not locate RPC credentials. No authentication cookie could be found, and no rpcpassword is set in the configuration file Bitcoin Litecoin Error


    error: Could not locate RPC credentials. No authentication cookie could be found, and no rpcpassword is set in the configuration file This is usually because the .cookie file cannot be read by the user you are running Litecoin or Bitcoin client/daemon as. You can adjust the permissions of the file so that the user or group they are apart of has read permissions. ........
  • OpenVZ Solutions vzquota : (error) Can't open quota file for id 123123, maybe you need to reinitialize quota: No such file or directory


    Error: Unable to apply new quota values: quota not running Container start failed (try to check kernel messages, e.g. "dmesg | tail") Killing container ... Container was stopped Error: Unable to apply new quota values: quota not running Can't umount /vz/private/123123: Invalid argument [root@rtt 123123]# vzquota on 123123 vzquota : (error) Can't open quota file for id 123123, maybe you need to reinit........
  • curl: (35) Unknown SSL protocol error in connection Solution Centos


    curl: (35) Unknown SSL protocol error in connection The main solution is to update curl and nss. If you are having an issue with curl through Apache/PHPyou will need to restart PHPafter. It's important to remember that this error could mean a lot of things but most often it simply means that curl and openssl may be outdated and only allow newer secure ways of connecting to SSL. In general here is how you would fix it in most c........
  • Linux input/output error invalid program cannot read data on some CD-Rs and DVD-Rs on ASUS BW-16D1HT


    I've never seen this before in all of my years. Ihave some very old CDs and DVDs 12-15 years old that seem not to work in this BD-R/DVD-R/CD-R Asus drive. The discs are fine actually and ironically they even work fine on a normal LG USB based BD-R drive! Here are the errors in Linux: [2914936.884924] attempt to access beyond end of device [2914936.884927] loop1: rw=0, want=730424, limit=688384 [2914954.556873] attempt to........
  • PHP Warning: Cannot load module 'XCache' because conflicting module 'apc' is already loaded in Unknown on line 0


    PHP Warning: Cannot load module 'XCache' because conflicting module 'apc' is already loaded in Unknown on line 0 Solution: yum remove php-pecl-apc-*........
  • Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/module.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/module.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0


    Getting this error on Centos 6 with PHP 5.3 when just running "php -v" PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/module.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/module.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory in Unknown on line 0 PHP Warning: Cannot load module 'XCache' because conflicting module 'apc' is already loaded in Unknown on line 0 Solution:........
  • Linux How To Clone One System Harddrive to another remote system


    The easiest way is to use SSHand DD or a combination of netcat. SSHwill be a little slower due to encryption but is the most secure way (on two older systems the average clone speed is about 40-50MB/s). This is also OS independent as it doesn't matter what the source OS is because you are literallly cloning the drive so you retain the partition table and settings. Clone HDD using SSH and DD........
  • Ubuntu/Debian/Linux won't boot and drops to Busybox shell after cloning HDD with dd


    I don't recall having this issue in the distant past but nowadays at least Debian seems to be very picky about this. I used dd to copy one hard drive to another and tried booting it. Everything seemed fine with grub working but each time it would drop to the busybox shell. There is no particular error so this is misleading. Normally the first things you would check are to make sure your fstab is correct (that the UUID is correct)and that you've updated grub.&........
  • Unable to negotiate with 192.168.1.99 port 22: no matching host key type found. Their offer: ssh-dss Solution


    ssh rtt@192.168.1.199 Unable to negotiate with 192.168.1.99 port 22: no matching host key type found. Their offer: ssh-dss It looks like the DSS option is not considered secure so when connecting from newer Linux systems to an older one you will get the above error. It can be fixed (but you should consider upgrading your SSH daemon): ssh -oHostKeyAlgorithms=+ssh-dss rtt@192.168.1.199........
  • MySQL Cannot Update/Write to any database table solution


    This happened on Centos for no apparent reason with no obvious issue in the logs. Data could be read fine but not written (possibly due to some corruption or out of memory issue in the OpenVZ container is the best guess). All mysql update and insert queries failed freezing without any error log on any database and table. Tried to restart: service mysqld restart Timeout error occurred trying to stop MySQL........
  • MySQL How To Add New Field Column To Existing Table


    ALTER TABLE thetable ADD newfield VARCHAR(255) It's very simple just specify "the table" and then the newfield type........
  • PHP geoip.so fatal error Solution


    PHP Warning: PHP Startup: Unable to load dynamic library '/usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so' - /usr/lib64/php/modules/geoip.so: undefined symbol: GeoIP_country_code_by_name_v6 in Unknown on line 0 Remove the GEOIP from PHP: php71w-pecl-geoip-1.1.1-1.w6.x86_64 PHP Fatal error: PHP Startup: apc_shm_create: shmget(0, 67108864, 914) failed: Invalid argument. It is possible that the........
  • Syntax error on line 221 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so into server: /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or direct


    Stopping httpd: [ OK ] Starting httpd: httpd: Syntax error on line 221 of /etc/httpd/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax error on line 6 of /etc/httpd/conf.d/php.conf: Cannot load /etc/httpd/modules/libphp5.so into server: /etc/h........
  • bash find line and replace howto


    First find the line number: awk '/what you are searching for/{ print NR; exit }' input-file 86 Now use sed to replace it: sed -i 86s/.*/"your replacement text"/ $file Here is a full sample script to automate it: file=some/f........
  • possible SYN flooding on ctid 42131, port 80. Sending cookies. - Solution


    The Linux Kernel interpretated a very high volume of real traffic as a DDOS attack so it basically ends up blocking your web server. possible SYN flooding on ctid 42131, port 80. Sending cookies. Simple fix edit sysctl values for max_syn_backlog sysctl -w net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog=5000 To make them permanent edit /etc/sysctl.conf echo "net.ipv4.tcp_........
  • Install Windows From a Linux TFTP Server instead of using WDS Solution


    yum -y install samba vi /etc/samba/smb.conf https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/boot/syslinux/syslinux-6.03.zip mkdir syslinux;cd syslinux;unzip syslinux-6.03.zip mkdir -p /tftpboot/libs/ cp bios/com32/modules/linux.c32 /tftpboot/libs/ cp bios/com32/libutil/libutil.c32 /tftpboot/libs/ cp bios/com32/lib/libcom32.c32 /tftpboot/libs/ #add lib path echo "PATH libs" >> /tftpboot/pxeli........
  • How To Secure Samba NMBD/SMBD to bind to a specific IP address


    By default Samba SMB/NMB listen on ANY and ALLIPs on your system by binding to 0.0.0.0. Obviously this is a huge security risk if you have a public facing server with both internal and external access. Usually when a system administrator sets up a samba server their intention is just to share with a LAN. To do this you need to the following options under the [global] section in smb.conf bind interfaces only = yes interfaces = 192........
  • Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /home/user SSH Public Key Authentication Failed Solution


    First of all I got this error after accidentally messing up my usergroup by using usermod -G user group When I would login using SSHkeys it would fail: sshd[2020]: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /home/one No worries, the fix is simple! chmod g-w /home/use........
  • pcimodules and lspci not working alternative solution


    pcimodules no longer works it produces nothing probably because the format of /sys/bus/pci is different. lspci -k doesn't work on older lspci versions. pciutils can be compiled but it won't work if you have an old system and compile on a newer glibc. iteriate through /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias cat /sys/bus/pci/devices/*/modalias pci:v00008086d00001237sv00000000sd00000000bc06sc00i00 pci:v00008086d00007000sv0000000........
  • mysqld in Linux hacked


    Check for crap in /var/lib/mysql like this ls -al /var/lib/mysql/ total 20888 drwxr-xr-x 24 mysql mysql 4096 Oct 3 18:30 . drwxr-xr-x 20 root root 4096 Oct 3 04:23 .. -rw-rw-rw- 1 mysql mysql 11776 Oct 3 17:10 c:exp.exe -rw-rw-rw- 1 mysql mysql 48128 Oct 3 17:10 c:exp1.exe........
  • h264 DVR security camera footage cannot be played


    This is not just a Linux issue but a general issue most software or hardware players cannot play the resulting exported/backed up format of .h264 from DVR security camera footage for some silly reason. There is a simple solution in Linux using ffmpeg fortunately. Convert the .h264 file into mp4 ffmpeg -i yourfile.h264 -codec copy video.mp4 play dvr .h264 file........
  • dhcpd.conf how to secure so only known and allowed clients will be given dhcpd IP address leases


    It's really simple and just a matter of the following line within the subnet declaration. deny unknown-clients; See example below: subnet 10.25.20.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 { range 10.25.20.11 10.25.20.254; deny unknown-clients; option routers 10.25.20.10; option domain-name-servers 208.67.222.222;  ........
  • PHP Migration from 5.3 to 5.4+ and dealing with deprecated functions


    Upgrading from PHP 5.3 to 5.4+ there are many challenges basic things like mysql_connect() do not work anymore.........
  • ffmpeg vidstab to stabilize video


    I'm having trouble making it work on very shaky video the result seems kind of warped/blurry/fish eye like and not as good as some other examples I've seen: ffmpeg -i MVI_1285.MOV -vf vidstabdetect=shakiness=10:accuracy=15 -f null MVI_1285.trf ffmpeg -i MVI_1285.MOV -vf vidstabtransform=smoothing=30:input="transforms.trf" MVI_1285.MOV.mp4 I've played around with the shakiness, accuracy etc.. but not the smoothing part.........
  • M2Crypto.SSL.Checker.WrongHost: Peer certificate subjectAltName does not match host, expected fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua, got DNS:mirror.ip-connect.vn.ua


    You are using Centos 5 which is deprecated so nothing in yum will work until you follow this post to use the vault: http://realtechtalk.com/Centos_59_Working_Vault_Repo_file-1921-articles yum update Loaded plugins: fastestmirror Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile * epel: fedora-archive.ip-connect.vn.ua Traceback........
  • [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] Init: Unable to read server certificate from file /www/ssl-certs/server.crt [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Err


    [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] Init: Unable to read server certificate from file /www/ssl-certs/server.crt [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Error: 218529960 error:0D0680A8:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_CHECK_TLEN:wrong tag [Wed Sep 20 15:34:44 2017] [error] SSL Library Error: 218595386 error:0D07803A:asn1 encoding routines:ASN1_ITEM_EX_D2I:nested asn1 error........
  • linux how to answer yes to copy


    Have you have a command ask a question such as cp or move? You can do this: echo y|cp * /tmp/othercopy However it may still fail if your bashrc aliases have the "-i" flag see this post here.........
  • linux cp and mv will not overwrite due to alias!


    This through me for a loop when I would do a cp -rf or mv -f nothing would get overwritten even if piping y or yes to the command. Type alias and you'll see why: alias cp='cp -i' alias l.='ls -d .* --color=auto' alias ll='ls -l --color=auto' alias ls='ls --color=auto' alias mv='mv -i' alias rm='rm -i' The -i is a safeguard against messing things up but however does mess things up worse when you know what........
  • kdenlive - No LADSPA plugins were found! Check your LADSPA_PATH environment variable. [producer_xml] failed to load transition "qtblend"


    This happens if you are running a kdenlive script from the shell of a remote machine without using SSH "-X" forwarding and it will also cause any areas where you write text to be a white screen for that duration. melt FusionFestival.kdenlive No LADSPA plugins were found! Check your LADSPA_PATH environment variable. [producer_xml] failed to load transition "qtblend" [producer_xml] failed to load transition &q........
  • Linux Unable to mount cifs/smb share in /etc/fstab


    sudo mount -a Unable to find suitable address. [35758.706993] CIFS VFS: Error connecting to socket. Aborting operation. [35758.707247] CIFS VFS: cifs_mount failed w/return code = -111 [35795.476160] CIFS VFS: Error connecting to socket. Aborting operation. [35795.476346] CIFS VFS: cifs_mount failed w/return code = -111 When the above happens "Unable eto find suitable address" it usually means the smb nam........
  • bash Linux how to get first or last letters of a word


    To get the first X letters of a word: It's very simple you can just pipe it to head with -c 1 (gives the first letter and so on) -c2 (2 gives the first 2 letters). echo "dsjfsdlksjdklf;jlsd;kflasdj;kl"|head -c 2 Returns ds To get the last X letters of a word: Now we use tail with -c but it works differently. ........
  • l2tp ipsec VPN Error Sep 12 18:16:25 vps pluto[7299]: ERROR: asynchronous network error report on eth0 (sport=500) for message to 192.5.6.2 port 20640, complainant 192.5.6.2: Connection refused [errno 111, origin ICMP type 3 code 3 (not authenticated


    Sep 12 18:16:25 vps pluto[7299]: ERROR: asynchronous network error report on eth0 (sport=500) for message to 192.5.6.2 port 20640, complainant 192.5.6.2: Connection refused [errno 111, origin ICMP type 3 code 3 (not authenticated)] Some say changing the "leftprotoport=17/%any" will fix this but I have not found this to be the case. Essentially it means at least one end is blocking the ipsec packets. Sometimes the %any allows an alt........
  • Centos 5.9 Working Vault Repo file


    Centos 5 is not supported running yum will produce an error like this: YumRepo Error: All mirror URLs are not using ftp, http[s] or file. Eg. Invalid release/ removing mirrorlist with no valid mirrors: /var/cache/yum/base/mirrorlist.txt Error: Cannot find a valid baseurl for repo: base Solution - Update this file CentOS-Base.repo # CentOS-Base.repo........
  • ecryptfs how to mount or recover from a backup


    The easiest way to recover or mount an off-line ecryptfs directory is the built-in command from ecryptfs sudo ecryptfs-recover-private It will find your wrapped passphrase and ask for your password and mount it in tmp. Much easier especially when your current active OS is using ecryptfs too. This a fantastic tool when going through old backups.........
  • Linux bash script to see what connected computers respond to ping


    A great way when moving your equipment to a new location, new router/switch etc to help confirm what MAC has what IP: for ip in `arp -na|awk '{print $2}'|sed s/(//g|sed s/)//g`; do echo ping $ip ping -c 1 -w 1 $ip > /dev/null if [ "$?" == 0 ]; then echo "$ip UP" fi done........
  • rsync specify alternate port non-standard port than 22


    It is not obvious but the rsync --help rsync --help|grep port --port=PORT specify double-colon alternate port number --port does not do anything at all actually for some strange reason it still uses 22 You have to specify a manual ssh command to make it work: -e 'ssh -........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian apt how to downgrade a package


    First of all check to see which version if any you have available for a downgrade: apt-cache showpkg packagename Downgrade/Install old package: apt-get install package=version Example apt-cache showpkg caja Package: caja Versions: 1.10.3-1+rafaela (/var/lib/apt/lists/packages.linuxmint.com_dists_rafaela_import_binary-amd64_Packages) (/var/........
  • kdenlive titles/text renders as white screen when using .sh script


    When using the .sh script the rendering doesn't work after an upgrade of related packages to kdenlive. kdenlive (kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1)) with affine or composite transitions was fine but is now broken during the time of transition it is just a white screen. The previous version was fine: kdenlive:amd64 (4:17.04.1+git201705191233~ubuntu16.04.1 But now I can't find it or install it:........
  • /usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lboost_system-mt-s /usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lboost_filesystem-mt-s /usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lboost_program_options-mt-s /usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lboost_thread-mt-s collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status make: *** [cag


    cagecoin linux compile: sudo apt-get install qt4-qmake libqt4-dev build-essential libboost-dev libboost-system-dev libboost-filesystem-dev libboost-program-options-dev libboost-thread-dev libssl-dev libdb++-dev libminiupnpc-dev Solution: sed -i s/"BOOST_LIB_SUFFIX=-mt-s"/"#BOOST_LIB_SU........
  • Wine uninstalled broken on Linux Mint


    Solution: Aptitude is very smart and fixed the issues it was because of nvidia cuda and opencl and nothing else suggested or hinted this using apt sudo aptitude install wine The following NEW packages will be installed: ocl-icd-libopencl1{ab} ocl-icd-libopencl1:i386{ab} wine wine1.6 wine1.6-amd64{a} wine1.6-i386:i386{a} The following packages will be REMOVED:........
  • ffmpeg trouble concatenating similar but different files


    When things go wrong your video is basically unplayable or the first video plays fine and then freezes when moving on to the next. Generally if both videos weren't produced with the exact 100% same settings you will have issues. You can try the basic concat but it often won't work right. Solution for me: My example uses 3 videos in total so "n=3" and a=1 to include audio. ffmpeg -threads 12 -i file1.mp4 -........
  • ffmpeg Unable to Use Hardware Encoding with Nvidia 3.40 Driver and GT210 card


    I believe from what I've read that this card's driver doesn't support the features after trying all known troubleshooting methods. ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload -c:v hevc_nvenc -profile main -preset slow -rc vbr_hq -c:a copy uservideoRendered.mp4-test ffmpeg -i uservideoRendered.mp4 -filter:v hwupload_cuda,scale_npp=w=1920:h=1080:format=nv12:interp_algo=lanczos,hwdownload........
  • Linux Mint USB Kernel Tainted and Locked Port/Dev File


    Essentially a program I was running for mining did not terminate properly with Ctrl+C it is listed as defunct and cannot be killed, kernel is tainted and normal tricks to disable the port are impossible the dev and sys entries for the device cannot be browsed or interacted with in any form without a lockup of the request. The only solution is to reboot due to the kernel taint as far as I can find so far. [1130246.811056] INFO: task minerd:21861 blocked for more th........
  • ffmpeg Linux Mint download, compile and install howto


    #if you have nvidia make sure you install the nvidia-cuda-toolkit so hardware acceleration can be used wget http://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 tar -jxvf ffmpeg-3.3.2.tar.bz2 cd ffmpeg-3.3.2/ ./configure --disable-yasm install prefix /usr/local source path ........
  • How to extract view contents of initramfs image gzip'd


    Very simple browse to your /boot directory It does make more sense to extract the image in its own directory eg "initramfs-blabla-dir" as it will literally extract directly to the pwd. cp initramfs.img someotherdir cd someotherdir zcat initramfs-3.10.0-514.el7.x86_64.img | cpio -idmv........
  • Centos 7 How To Change Hostname


    Some guides still use the old Centos 6 style (do not use /etc/sysconfig/network). In Centos 7 the file is /etc/hostname echo "HOSTNAME=yourhostname.com" > /etc/hostname........
  • Debian/Mint/Ubuntu Font Packs/Recommended To Install


    This will give you a lot more nice fonts to work with. Usually you must restart the program you are using to see the new fonts. ttf-mscorefonts-installer fonts-larabie-* ttf-xfree86-* ubuntustudio-fonts ttf-* fonts-*........
  • Migrate Centos 7 from Single HDD to mdadm RAID 10 array:


    Done on Centos 7.3 very important as clearly based on older guides it was a lot easier and more simpler! Hint do not use grub2-install! One huge caveat if you are an oldschool user or sysadmin who has avoided UEFIbooting The normal way will not work here if your Centos was using UEFI. Newer systems use it by default. The easiest way to check is to do an fdisk -l if your sy........
  • How to change reserved blocks in Linux partition


    user@box:~$ sudo tune2fs -l /dev/md99 [sudo] password for user: tune2fs 1.42.9 (4-Feb-2014) Filesystem volume name: Last mounted on: /mnt/md50 Filesystem UUID: 976a8655-2619-4587-878c-dab07f7b7652 Filesystem magic number: 0xEF53 Filesystem revision #: 1 (dynamic) Fi........
  • Reading package lists... Done W: GPG error: http://ppa.launchpad.net trusty InRelease: The following signatures couldn't be verified because the public key is not available: NO_PUBKEY D46F45428842CE5E


    Still looking for the solution Working Solution 2017/07 sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys D46F45428842CE5E Solution gpg --keyserver hkp://subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys D46F45428842CE5E gpg: requesting key 8842CE5E from hkp server subkeys.pgp.net gpg: keyserver timed out gpg: keyserver........
  • USB 3.0 External HDD Enclosure Seagate UAS problems - [sdd] tag#1 CDB: Write(16) 8a 00 00 00 00 01 70 04 08 68 00 00 00 08 00 00


    This is a 8TB Seagate external USB 3.0 device apparently newer kernels use a module called "UAS" instead of "USB Storage" which causes issues as a lot of devices are not properly supported in UAS mode by the kernel driver. The solution some say is to disable UAS specifically for your USB device but I'd rather just disable UAS altogether. Solution blacklist UAS: *do not do this it does not work and just causes your USB 3.0........
  • Centos 7 Cudaminer Nvidia setup guide


    I am using a GTX 1060 but replace the download for the driver with the correct/current version for your particular card by visiting: http://www.nvidia.com/Download/index.aspx?lang=en-us yum install automake curl openssl-devel libcurl-devel gcc gcc-c++ yum -y install kernel-devel-`uname -r` yum -y install unzip #the........
  • USB 3.0 PCI x1 Card Review VIA VL805 on Linux Review and Experience


    This is a VIA made VL805 USB 3.0 Chipset with 4-ports and MOLEX powered. First of all this unit was cheap at about only 9 USD with fast shipping. My biggest concern was if this was a quality unit and would it really give you full USB 3.0 speeds (some people reported with similar cards that for some weird r........
  • rsync run as root sudo without password


    This is a common issue, what if a issue shouldn't have root but you want to use that user to make a full backup of a system? They of course need root access. You can actually just give them passwordless sudo access to rsync in /etc/sudoers: sudo vi /etc/sudoers yourusername ALL = NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/rsync Here is how you would execute rsync: The key thing for the remote host is to........
  • Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel?


    Why won't my Linux Mint boot after I manually installed a new kernel? eg. apt-get install linux-image-newerone Do this dpkg -l|grep linux-image|grep extra ii linux-image-extra-3.16.0-38-generic 3.16.0-38.52~14.04.1&nb........
  • cudaminer freezes Linux Mint taints kernel


    When running cudaminer once it tries to initialize the card the entire screen freezes. The computer itself is still running but the Xorg is done for, you cannot even switch to another console window and must reboot (even an mdm or Xorg restart does not help). At first cudaminer will give you these errors: stratrum_recv_line failed ...retry after 15 seconds GPU #0: Geforce 210 with compute ca........
  • Linux Mint Intel Screen Tearing Horizontal Line Solution Fix


    sudo mkdir -p /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/ sudo vi /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-intel.conf Type "i" and enter the following: Section "Device" Identifier "Intel Graphics" Driver "intel" Option &........
  • process_usershare_file: stat of /var/lib/samba/usershares/dump failed. Permission denied - samba error solution


    [2017/06/12 21:14:04.991169, 0] ../source3/param/loadparm.c:3259(process_usershare_file) process_usershare_file: stat of /var/lib/samba/usershares/dump failed. Permission denied Issue was the parent directory needed chmod 755........
  • imagemagick pdf convert error solution - **** Warning: can't process font stream, loading font by the name. Can't find CMap Identity-UTF16-H building a CIDDecoding resource. Warning: falling back to Identity ordering **** Error reading a conte


    **** Warning: can't process font stream, loading font by the name. Can't find CMap Identity-UTF16-H building a CIDDecoding resource. Warning: falling back to Identity ordering **** Error reading a content stream. The page may be incomplete. **** File did not complete the page properly and may be damaged. **** This file had errors that were repaired or ignored. ****........
  • USB Device/MP3 Player not working properly and can't browse the device filesystem? Check the cable twice and again!


    Here is a simple MP3 player and now there's a reason to understand why the supplied cable has some kind of capacitor and is very short. These devices can be VERY finicky and any voltage fluctuation or difference is enough to cause issues. Take for example the error messages from Linux Mint: [804829.895414] usb 1-1: USB disconnect, device number 11 [806961.109030] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 12 using xhci_hcd........
  • Centos/Linux Bash Script Warning when exiting/logging out of bash/shell/terminal for scripts running in the background


    This is mainly the case on Centos but applies to other distros and situations. If you are running programs in the background with the &, at least in Centos it is usually not honored and if you quit or are disconnected the backgrounded programs will be sent sighup and be shut down. The simplest way around this instead of using & is to start any programs or commands with "nohup" Eg. nohup yourscript.sh........
  • Nvidia Linux Mint/Ubuntu screentearing horizontal line solution


    Finally after ages I found the solution which is on many pages on the net but not obvious and should have been standard or more common info! Instant Solution: Type this into the terminal (unfortunately the driver config menu doesn't have the option as itis hidden): nvidia-settings --assign CurrentMetaMode="nvidia-auto-select +0+0 { ForceCompositionPipeline = On }" Make permanent Cli........
  • Openshot 2.2 is very unstable always crashing in Linux Mint 18.1!


    Jun 1 15:45:42 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: project_data:INFO Missing folder chosen by user: Jun 1 15:45:42 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: project_data:INFO Removed missing file: MAH02949.MP4 Jun 1 15:45:57 videoeditor-desktop org.mate.panel.applet.MintMenuAppletFactory[1882]: ui_util:WARNING Icon theme media-playback-start not found. Will use backup........
  • Track 01: 34 of 1726 MB written (fifo 100%) [buf 99%] 3.6x.Errno: 5 (Input/output error), write_g1 scsi sendcmd: cmd timeout after 1.897 (40) s CDB: 2A 00 00 00 44 A9 00 00 1F 00 resid: 6144 cmd finished after 1.897s timeout 40s write track da


    These errors believe it or not are simply because of not being the root user or running with sudo! However if you didn't know to try as root you'd think there was a problem with your burner or disc Essentially it looks like without root you cannot send the required scsi commands to continue writing. Ithink cdrecord should have built-in tests or safeguards to see if it has the permissions to run the required commands. I guess for more advanced users the idea is simila........
  • Transaction Check Error: file /usr/lib64/php/modules/fileinfo.so conflicts between attempted installs of php-pecl-fileinfo-1.0.4-2.el6.rf.x86_64 and php-common-5.3.3-49.el6.x86_64 solution


    Transaction Check Error: file /usr/lib64/php/modules/fileinfo.so conflicts between attempted installs of php-pecl-fileinfo-1.0.4-2.el6.rf.x86_64 and php-common-5.3.3-49.el6.x86_64 solution you can't install php-pecl-fileinfo it seems to be incompatble with the php5.3 being installed: yum --exclude=php-pecl-fileinfo --skip-broken --disablerepo=epel install php-*........
  • Intel NUC J3455 Linux Support Ubuntu/Linux Mint Issues


    I get the following error "Installer Crashed" on 18.1 MATE 64-bit when installing by NFS/PXE. Yet it was able to at least detect and use my NIC (perhaps the driver was only activated because of PXE/NFS being used)? When using 18.1 Cinnamon on CD the NIC does not work but the installer did succeed. However it doesn't work right, I can't login graphically and get some Cinnamon OOMerror but how can this be with 8GB of RAM straight from login?........
  • Linux Mint Install Netboot PXE Guide Howto


    *Update so this doesn't work it must be something to do with the path of nfs or something else but the installer fails with "Installer crashed" at the end whereas with the CD/USB it works. This assumes you've already installed and configured a separate PXE/DHCP server somewhere else and your /tftpboot directory is setup. This is for Linux Mint 18.1 but generally applies to most versions although you may have tro change things like "casper"........
  • Coolermaster CM Storm Enable LED Backlight in Fedora/Ubuntu/Mint Linux Howto - MB24 Keyboard and MS2K Mouse


    Just type the following in the bash/terminal shell to enable the blue LED light on the Coolermaster CM Storm keyboard: xset led 3 To make it automatic and permanent execute the following as root: echo "xset led 3" >> /etc/rc.local This is a fairly nice gaming keyboard whichI bought because I type very quickly and the cheap standard keyboards simply can't keep up!........
  • wget how to resume download!


    It's very simple you just use the "-c" switch and wget will resume the file (make sure you are in the same directory) or specify -O /path/to/partialdownload.zip wget -c http://someurl/file.zip........
  • cPanel error Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' when adding remote MySQL IP address solution


    Error while connecting to MYSQL: (XID 4ea7s9) Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: YES) at /usr/local/cpanel/Cpanel/Mysql.pm line 181 Solution This error occurs because the /root/.my.cnf has the wrong/outdated password for MySQL root user. Simply edit /root/.my.cnf with the correct user. This normally happens if you update outside of cPanel.........
  • Linux shows my drive as being dead is it really? Buffer I/O error on device sdb, logical block 0 sd 3:0:0:0: [sdb] CDB: Read(10): 28 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 08 00


    Normally the below would indicate a failing or failed drive. In this case the SATA port was unplugged and sometimes the Linux kernel/motherboard even with AHCIjust don't play nice and can't handle it. What happened is Iplugged in a new drive after removing another one. However the log shows that after the old drive was plugged in the Linux kernel kept complaining thinking the drive was there but not responding properly. This continued even with reseating........
  • use ffmpeg to watermark videos if mencoder/bmovl fail


    If you have this problem: http://realtechtalk.com/mencoder_bmovl_error_vf_bmovl_Unknown_command_Ignoring_-1860-articles Then ffmpeg is for you. Go here if you are using Linux Mint and cannot find or install it to use an external PPA........
  • mencoder bmovl error vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring.


    Based on this tutorial: http://www.linuxjournal.com/content/overlay-images-video-using-mplayer-and-mencoder mencoder -oac pcm -ovc raw -vf bmovl=0:0:tfifo -o $output $file vf_bmovl: Unknown command: ''. Ignoring. ........
  • Linux Mint/Ubuntu/Debian Nvidia driver becomes slow graphics performance issue


    I've had this issue since Ubuntu 9 and now even on Linux Mint 17 no matter what latest version of the Nvidia proprietary driver that I use. It just becomes slower and slower and only gets better after rebooting or restarting Xorg. Someone here has it as well https://askubuntu.com/questions/822449/graphics-becomes-slow-after-a-while/917886 It's very fru........
  • Linux Mint missing ffmpeg solution to install from Ubuntu PPA


    This is very annoying that ffmpeg is missing from Linux Mint! They have ffmpeg2theora which is a totally different codec and does not work as ffmpeg does at all (it is basically totally different). However on Linux Mint 17 I was able to use a Ubuntu PPA and sucessfully install ffmpeg! https://launchpad.net/~mc3man/+archive/ubuntu/trusty-media Adding this PPA to your system........
  • phpBB3 slow and internal dummy connection


    Using Apache 2.2 and PHP5.6 PHPBB3 is very slow to respond. Actually for some reason it takes so long to even register a log entry in access_log as in several seconds or a few minutes later it shows up in Apache. All other vhosts and Apache access stops working and freezes until the request to access PHPBB3 slowly completes. It seems to randomly be slow if you stop using it whether for posting or reading the forums. I've migrated to different machines including........
  • check if Apache uses worker MPM or prefork MPM


    apachectl -l Compiled in modules: core.c prefork.c http_core.c mod_so.c It is "prefork.c" so in httpd.conf these settings are what you would use (if you use worker.c it won't have any impact): StartServers 2 MinSpareServers 5 MaxSpareServers&nb........
  • text to speech for Linux


    espeak - is horrible and sounds very old and robotic echo "hello there"|espeak #don't know how to use mbrola and plugins cicero jovie just seems to be a graphical interface to espeak There is also sbreader/sapi Google's Text To Speech Works Quite Well #!/bin/bash say() { local IFS=+;/usr/bin/mplayer -ao alsa -really-quiet -noconsolec........
  • How to convert xlsx/xls Excel file into csv


    A lot of times these files seem to lag and be incredibly slow even if just a few dozens rows of data. Here is how you can convert it with "gnumeric": ssconvert file.xlsx file.csv You may get lots of weird errors like this but the conversion seems to work fine: (ssconvert:15244): GLib-GObject-WARNING **: g_object_set_valist: object class 'SheetObjectImage' has no property named 'style'........
  • Linux bash script how to generate a random password using /dev/urandom


    This command will generate a random password using all letters and numbers that is 20 characters wrong based on /dev/urandom (for the most truly random output). echo `< /dev/urandom tr -dc _A-Z-a-z-0-9 | head -c${1:-20};echo;`........
  • How to create openssl md5 password hash to use in /etc/shadow using bash


    Very useful in embedded and other non-standard deployments. The above makes a random salt of 14 random characters from /dev/urandom (you can change the -14 to whatever number of characters you want for your salt). openssl passwd -1 -salt `< /dev/urandom tr -dc _A-Z-a-z-0-9 | head -c${1:-14};echo;` YourPassword Output: $1$eW-ScuyL$f/iKMJ5mbJ..7bSzvX6EO0 ........
  • Avocent DSR8020 KVM/IP - Network Connect Error - Solution


    This error is commonly due to Java security or TLS settings but there is a second issue with forwarded ports that also causes it. 1. Java Security/TLS Settings issue: This article has the solution to change them all in Linux automatically 2. Port Forwarding Issue if your Avocent DSR is behind NAT/private IP........
  • tar extraction changes ownership of /root directory


    Ihave a tar and when extracting it changes /root to a uid and gid of the source server which is bad especially for /root! You can get around this by extracting as follows: Add the -o switch which means "--no-same-owner" tar -o -zxvf sometar.tar.gz........
  • ubuntu Linux colour dropper picker


    gpick is a great and simple tool now that I now how to use it sudo apt-get install gpick The trick is to find "the swatch" I was in a rush and was frustrated that it wouldn't work how Iexpected and I had to memorize the hex code of the color my mouse was over. There is something it tells you to do which is "Click on the swatch area" (click onthe honeycomb graphic area that is the s........
  • zip warning: name not matched: in Linux Solution


    There are usually two reasons for this. #1 The most common is that you need to enable the -r (recursive) flag with zip to make it recurse into directories. So the solution is to use -r zip -r somefile.zip yourfiles #2 If you are using bash scripting based on ls without the full path or for some other reason the full path is missing, zip looks for the files in the current directory so this will always fail.........
  • ls in Linux with full directory path with files howto


    Normally an ls will just produce the actual contents of the current or target directory eg. ls mydir myfile1 myfile2 myfile3 But what if you need to find the full or relative path to another program that cares whether that be zip or etc.? You need the "-d" switch and the asterisk inside the actual directory. ls -d mydir/* mydir/myfil........
  • bash how to check if a symlink exists as a file or directory


    To check if a file/directory is a symlink in bash: if [ -L/some/path/file ]; then echo "OKwe're a symlink" fi That's all there is to it.........
  • Linux how to whois query other gTLDs such as .club solution


    whois in Linux is incredibly out of date and does not seem to recognize most new TLDs domains, but there is a quick and easy tip/hack/tweak for this. An example of new TLD's site as .review .site .club whois somesite.club No whois server is known for this kind of object. bash to the rescue Now I did try to apply this in .bashrc but DONOT! Ithink the * wil........
  • How to verify SSL SHA-1 Certificate Fingerprnit Signature of your mail/web server to avoid hijacking/man-in-the-middle attacks


    This is especially helpful if you run your own servers. If you are presented with an error message or warning that the signature has changed or does not match the IP/domain you are connecting to you always want to verify manually. So your e-mail/web client will show you an SHA-1 fingerprint like this: "Could not verify this certificate because the issuer is unkown" or other reasons such as a mismatch in IP/domain. It will also show you........
  • ecryptfs errors


    ecryptfs-mount-private Enter your login passphrase: Inserted auth tok with sig [ee16d84] "into the user session keyring mount: No such file or directory" [ 156.118113] ecryptfs_mount: kern_path() failed [ 156.118431] Reading sb failed; rc = [-2] [ 164.233055] traps: mate-notificati[3472] trap int3 ip:7f43d7002c13 sp:7fff162c6600 error:0 [ 166.017061] ecryptfs_mount: kern_path() failed........
  • Migrating from Linux Mint 17.2 mdadm RAID array to a new one (because I upgraded to larger drives).


    1.) Replicate the number of partitions in your new drives. gdisk /dev/sda gdisk /dev/sdb I created 3 partitions of the same same size. partition #1: +1G (/boot) partition #2: +60G (swap) partition #3: rest of it (/) #note if you are using GPT/gdisk you need to create separate a partition at least 1MB in size (in my case I would a 4th partition and mark it type ef02).........
  • Linux how to reformat html file code solution


    The solution is simply "tidy"/Tidy-HTML. It will take your poorly formatted HTML code (and I mean files that span just a few lines that are unreadable) and fix it up. Note the command below does everything in place. *Make sure you take a backup of all .html files* It also seems to break html5 code/templates so beware. tidy -im yourfile.html An automated way in bash:........
  • ENOM how to do a 301 redirect to another domain/site


    Just manage your domain in Enom and choose "Host Records" Choose "URL Redirect" as the record type. As shown below choose the URL and add "?redir_mode=301" to the end of it. To test the 301 and make sure it is a 301 (unlike Godaddy which really did a 302 when I chose 301!). ........
  • Linux how to check http headers using bash/curl for SEO


    What code is being returned or where is a URL/domain redirecting you to? Curl makes this easy and simple: curl -Iyourdomain.com........
  • Linux SAMBA does not work with symlinks


    At first I thought it's just not possible but there is actually an option that can be enabled to make symlinks work with Samba. Then I put this under the [global] section Note: It's "wide links" and not "wide symlinks" (some other sites have incorrect info which was a frustrating waste of time :)) Add this to your smb.conf follow symlinks = yes wide links = yes unix ex........
  • How to Execute PHP in .html files with Apache in Linux Centos/Debian/Ubuntu etc


    Add this to the .htaccess file #right/working: AddType application/x-httpd-php .html .htm #wrong (won't work in many cases): AddHandler application/x-httpd-php5 .html .htm........
  • yum Packages skipped because of dependency problems:


    Solution: yum -y install --skip-broken package-you-want-to-install Packages skipped because of dependency problems: php56w-mysql-5.6.30-1.w6.x86_64 from webtatic Error: Multilib version problems found. This often means that the root cause is something else and multilib version checking is just pointing out that there is........
  • How Do you Open/Extract .WARC Internet Archive Files on Linux Ubuntu/Mint/Centos?


    Get the python "warc extractor" from here. WARC just seems to be such an unnecessary and complicated format. Why not use tar, rar, zip etc...? ./warc-extractor.py -dump content !http:content-type:pdf yourfile.warc........
  • How To Disable htaccess inheritance or exclude a directory


    The only real way us to do the following in the root of your site's .htaccess RewriteRule ^somedirectory-not-to-inherit/.*$ - [L]........
  • root/home directory has ownership changed to the wrong user/owner mysteriously


    Ifigured out what caused this but don't have the solution just yet. Iwould deploy a certain script from a .tar.gz to some servers and found that /root was always owned by user and group "1000.1000". This corresonded to the user who made the .tar.gz. For some reason when extract normally with "tar -zxvf file.tar.gz" it impacts the parent directories ownership. There must be some recursion going on or possibly the .tar.gz but I haven't f........
  • sshd[10470]: Authentication refused: bad ownership or modes for directory /root


    This can be a case of bad permissions or modes as the error says. Normally one would assume permissions but often a script may change ownership of /root to something else. This was the case half the time I've encountered this. So in short make sure ownership is correct chown -R root.root /root........
  • mdadm frozen and doesn't realize array is dead/missing failed due to unplugged drives


    This was a surprising bug but I unplugged all drives for an array md127. At first it was just 1 drive and mdadm seemed to notice this. I unplugged the second drive taking the array offline but mdadm did not realize it was offline and still showed a non-existent disk as being part of it. This created problems trying to unmount it or even to stop this array with mdadm freezing. As for how to fix it I can only think of making sure you are not in a mounted path of........
  • Unable to mount location Failed to retrieve share list from server: No such file or directory solution


    Cannot even "Browse Network" when clicking on "Windows Network" Unable to mount location Failed to retrieve share list from server: No such file or directory logs: [2017/02/14 00:16:44.271314, 0] ../source3/nmbd/nmbd.c:58(terminate) Got SIGTERM: going down... [2017/02/13 17:35:41.797944, 0] ../lib/util/become_daemon.c:124(daemon_ready) &........
  • Centos 5 OpenSSL does not support TLS 1.2 Apache Error


    [Thu Jan 26 14:13:31 2017] [notice] caught SIGTERM, shutting down [Thu Jan 26 14:14:00 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Thu Jan 26 14:14:00 2017] [error] Server certificate is expired: 'Server-Cert' [Thu Jan 26 14:14:00 2017] [notice] SSL FIPS mode disabled [Thu Jan 26 14:14:07 2017] [notice] suEXEC mechanism enabled (wrapper: /usr/sbin/suexec) [Thu Jan 26 14:14:07 2017] [error] Server certificate is expired: 'Server-Ce........
  • DRBD Split-brain solution


    Uh oh [17925926.174277] block drbd0: Handshake successful: Agreed network protocol version 96 [17925926.174325] block drbd0: conn( WFConnection -> WFReportParams ) [17925926.174342] block drbd0: Starting asender thread (from drbd0_receiver [1682]) [17925926.174432] block drbd0: data-integrity-alg: [17925926.174581] block drbd0: drbd_sync_handshake: [17925926.174586] block drbd0: self 2AAE66AF9252D6DB:2815BF........
  • How to Properly Secure SSL/TLS Apache Settings against Heartbleed Poodle (TLS) Poodle (SSLv3) FREAK BEAST CRIME


    Many users still are not aware but simply patching OpenSSL does not secure you against many known and easy to exploit attacks that will render your encryption useless by an attacker. Use the following setings in /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf SSLCipherSuite "EECDH+ECDSA+AESGCM EECDH+aRSA+AESGCM EECDH+ECDSA+SHA384 EECDH+ECDSA+SHA256 EECDH+aRSA+SHA384 EECDH+aRSA+SHA256 EECDH EDH+aRSA !CAMELLIA !SEED !3DES !RC4 !aNULL !eNULL !LOW !MD5 !EXP !PSK !........
  • K9 Mail Android Cannot See or View E-mails Disappear after reading - with Dovecot server. Solution


    This actually only happened after an e-mail server ran out of space due to run away log files. Normal Desktop clients were not affected. It appeared to be a bug in K9 mail but even reinstalling/wiping all settings did not fix it (read e-mails would still not reappear). This is moreso a bug in Dovecot where it probably messes up the index files. How do you fix this in Dovecot/your e-mail server? You need to delete the do........
  • ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server during query


    The solution is simple but strange, if you copy your /var/lib/mysql directory to another server and think it will work, be sure to check if you have /var/log/mysql and binary log files. If you do, the server will not work and will give you errors like below and crash without the proper log files. UPDATE user SET password=password("newpass") WHERE user='root'; flush privileges; ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server durin........
  • if script bash check if socket file (mysql.sock) exists


    The "-S" switch is important as it works with sockets if you use "-f" it will not detect the socket file is there. if [ ! -S "/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock" ]; then echo "Socket does not exist, restarting" service mysqld restart fi........
  • MySQLD Server shutdown remotely unexpectedly


    170110 5:35:23 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Normal shutdown 170110 5:35:23 [Note] Event Scheduler: Purging the queue. 0 events 170110 5:35:23 InnoDB: Starting shutdown... 170110 5:35:24 InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 0 12765401 170110 5:35:24 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Shutdown complete 170110 05:35:24 mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid ended........
  • bash count length of string and characters


    variable="abc hello" How do you count it (note blank/white space counts as a character too)? echo "${#variable}" 9........
  • PayPal Subscription Howto Creation Automatic Payments Manual


    An easy way to pay companies and friends/family since PayPal does not have an option when sending money to make it a subscription: "business" = The e-mail or PayPal ID of the person/organization to pay to. a3 The recurring amount "eg. 115" will be 115 USD p3 The time period (eg. 2) t3 Unit of time period m=monthly,w=weekly,y=yearly item_name = "the note/product service reason you are paying ha........
  • bind/named rndc: connect failed: 127.0.0.1#953: connection refused (solution)


    service named status rndc: connect failed: 127.0.0.1#953: connection refused named (pid 10557) is running... Check /var/log/messages: Jan 4 17:06:22 storagebox named[10753]: none:0: open: /etc/rndc.key: permission denied Jan 4 17:06:22 storagebox named[10753]: couldn't add command channel 127.0.0.1#953: permission denied Jan 4 17:06:22 storagebox named[10753]: non........
  • grep only certain file types howto


    This can save a lot of time, otherwise grep will go through an entire directory recursively searching every type of file but what if you are sure you only need to search txt or php files? grep -r -i --include=*.php "what you are searching for" /the/path/to/search........
  • MySQL Allow Access from Remote Host IP and Update All Users


    Change Host="192.168.5.99" with the remote IP allowed(this is of course more secure but also cumbersome if your IP changes). You could also have a single layer of protection that specifies the IP via firewall or both (of course both are far mor secure). UPDATE user SET Host="192.168.5.99" where Host="localhost" or for any/wildcard UPDATE user SET Host="%" where Host="localhost&qu........
  • fdisk wq causes hung process


    I created a new partition table on a newly plugged in device and it caused fdisk to hang (even force kill does not work). It also may be a bad drive or some other issue because fdisk -l hangs after the first 2 HDDs (totaly of 8 HDDs on this system): [1232879.903596] INFO: task fdisk:27176 blocked for more than 120 seconds. [1232879.903607] Tainted: P&nbs........
  • mdadm kernel panic if trying to change --layout on a RAID10


    It is already known this is not possible mdadm --create /dev/md3 --level 10 --layout=f2 --raid-devices=2 /dev/sdc1 /dev/sdd1 mdadm: /dev/sdc1 appears to be part of a raid array: level=raid10 devices=2 ctime=Sat Dec 24 18:44:29 2016 mdadm: /dev/sdd1 appears to be part of a raid array: level=raid10 devices=2 ctime=Sat Dec 24 18:44:29 2016 Continue creating ar........
  • remove gpt partition linux


    sudo fdisk /dev/sdh WARNING: GPT (GUID Partition Table) detected on '/dev/sdh'! The util fdisk doesn't support GPT. Use GNU Parted. WARNING: The size of this disk is 8.0 TB (8001563221504 bytes). DOS partition table format can not be used on drives for volumes larger than (2199023255040 bytes) for 512-byte sectors. Use parted(1) and GUID partition table format (GPT). The device presents a l........
  • MySQL [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Table './eximstats/sends' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed solution


    You are checking your MySQL logs in /var/log/mysqld.log and come across an error like this: 161222 18:03:40 [ERROR] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Table './eximstats/sends' is marked as crashed and last (automatic?) repair failed The Solution: cd /var/lib/mysql/eximstats myisamchk -r sends.MYI - recovering (with sort) MyISAM-table 'sends.MYI' Data records: 71129........
  • iptables how to forward localhost port to remote public IP


    iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -m addrtype --src-type LOCAL --dst-type LOCAL -p tcp --dport 3306 -j DNAT --to-destination ip.ip.ip.ip iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -m addrtype --src-type LOCAL --dst-type UNICAST -j MASQUERADE sysctl -w net.ipv4.conf.all.route_localnet=1 Make sure you substitute "ip.ip.ip.ip" for your real public IP and also the "--dport 3306" for the port you want to forward. Finally run the sysctl command and........
  • mcp55 NIC not working at boot on Centos 6.6-6.8


    forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: irq 25 for MSI/MSI-X forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: MSI enabled forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: no link during initialization ADDRCONF(NETDEV_UP): eth0: link is not ready forcedeth 0000:00:08.0: eth0: link up ADDRCONF(NETDEV_CHANGE): eth0: link becomes ready Dec 1 18:21:32 box15 kernel: forcedeth: Reverse Engineered nForce ethernet driver. Version 0.64. Dec 1 18:21:32 box15 kernel........
  • OpenVZ mass ip update


    The file ipupdate.txt should look like this: ip.ip.ip.ip ctid while read -r; do ip=$REPLY setip=`echo $ip|awk '{print $1}'` ctid=`echo $ip|awk '{print $2}'` echo "vzctl set $ctid --ipadd $setip --save" vzctl set $ctid --ipadd $setip --save done < ipupdate.txt........
  • OpenVZ Solution CPT ERR: c02fa000,73 :CPT: lock fd is closed incorrectly: 1 and vps-net_add ERROR: Unable to add route ip route add 192.168.5.2 dev venet0


    The only solution after trying many suggestions was to simply restart the "vz" service (definitely not preferable). Even doing an ifdown and ifup for venet0 did not help. ifup venet0 Bringing up interface venet0: Configuring interface venet0: net.ipv4.conf.venet0.send_redirects = 0 RTNETLINK answers: Network is down Some errors from log: CPT ERR: d2dc60........
  • /dev/drbd0: State change failed: (-2) Need access to UpToDate data solution


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    ip_conntrack: table full, dropping packet. A lot of clients I've seen have this issue, it really seems the default level is way too small. Once this connection tracking table becomes full then packets get dropped which is obviously a bad thing. One thing to be mindful of though is that 350 bytes of memory are used per entry so there is some justification for not keeping it too high. However, if you have multiple servers running or high traffic daemons........
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    I backed up everything in the /mnt/sd_card directory thinking that some dataloss could occur for some reason but purposely left my microSDHC unbacked up thinking that "it won't touch that since it's external" and Samsung's and other manufacturers website even say this (that it won't be affected and not to worry etc). Apparently I was wrong, my microSD was "undetected" and asked to be formatted after the upgrade (there goes 3-months worth of family photos). No........
  • Centos how to upgrade from PHP 5.2 to 5.3 without downtime


    This may sound silly but there will be conflicts/issues with the default Centos repository so you have to use a third party like remi (I prefer not to do this but it's the only option unless you migrate your sites/data to another server or can stand some downtime-not an option IMHOon a production server). You may need to upgrade to PHP5.3 to run Joomla or many other reasons. Your host needs to use PHP 5.2.4 or higher to run this version of Jo........
  • xen how to resize an image properly


    The best way I could figure out is to use another guest of some sort to do this, while assigning the disk that needs to be resized to the same guest. So say we have /dev/xvda as the guests drive and we've booted it up. We also have /dev/xvdb (this is going to be the image/disk to be resized). In this case it's based on an ext3/4 image. Run e2fsck on it to ensure there are no filesystem errors. e2fsck /dev/xvdb........
  • Joomla Error - JFolder::create: Could not create directory


    JFolder::create: Could not create directory Plugin Install: Failed to create directory: This can occur when trying to upload content or when installing themes/templates. It's usually not a permissions issue per say but doing a 777 (which is very insecure) will fix it. But the real problem solution is that the owner of the files is different than the owner of the Apache process/server. Eg. if your Apache is running as user "apache........
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    Disk /dev/sda: 320.0 GB, 320072933376 bytes 256 heads, 63 sectors/track, 38761 cylinders Units = cylinders of 16128 * 512 = 8257536 bytes Device Boot Start End Blocks Id System /dev/sda1 1 38........
  • MySQL Authentication fails after Upgrade to Version 5.5


    ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'contentmanager'@'localhost' (using password: YES) For fun I thought I'd reset the password: GRANT ALL ON thecontent.* TO contentmanager IDENTIFIED by 'dfdfsdfdsfsdfsd'; ERROR 1470 (HY000): String 'contentmanager' is too long for user name (should be no longer than 16) This is ridiculous that this new version has some bizarre 16 character username limit and not only that but i........
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    Directadmin Error when changing user settings/saving Details Error with system Quotas setquota: Mountpoint (or device) / not found. setquota: Not all specified mountpoints are using quota. Debug Guide You have to disable and enable the quota's using vzquota on and off. After that it will work.........
  • Slow KVM Virtual Machine Performance Solved - Choose the right architecture with the CPU flag


    I am running a 64-bit host and was running a 32-bit XPguest which was crawling no matter what I was doing with it,in fact it frequently used 100% CPU power while having no real work load. I experienced with this other guests and wondered why KVM was slow compared to say Xen or Virtualbox. This is because you need to use the "-cpu" flag. For a full list of options run: /usr/libexec/qemu-kvm -cpu ? x86 ........
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    Replace "Administrator" with your username. C:Documents and SettingsAdministratorLocal SettingsTemp Ihave often found several gigabytes of temporary files in there! Just be warned that they may not all be deletable if the files are being used by open programs (so close everything you can). This helped me in a pinch many times when for apparently no reason gigs of disk space are being used for an unknown reason.........
  • MySQL how to copy/duplicate a table


    CREATE TABLE articles_backup LIKE articles The code above creates a new table called "articles_backup" which has the exact same structure and attributes as the original articles table. CREATE TABLE articles_backup SELECT * FROM articles; The above code does the same thing as the first example, BUT it also copies all of the data.........
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    In bash you test like this for problems that can be caused by non-printable characters since if you don't know how to identify it because it basically breaks your script. echo "url=$url" should print something like this normally if you have properly formatted input/text: url=::http://someaddress.com:: But if you have some weird hidden characters (not visible in a text editor of any sort you'll get something like this ::l=::http://s........
  • Error: detected vswap CT config but kernel does not support vswap This means either old kernel or bad config (physpages NOT set to 0:unlimited) Solution for OpenVZ


    Error: detected vswap CT config but kernel does not support vswap This means either old kernel or bad config (physpages NOT set to 0:unlimited) Solution vzctl set $veid --physpages 0:unlimited --save........
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    So you've just purchased your SSL cert, renewed it and installed it or maybe you've had it installed and working fine all the time with all other browsers but you've upgraded to a recent version of Firefox and suddenly get the warning "Error code: sec_error_unknown_issuer" error. This is terrible since if you bought an SSL cert, you are most likely using it for trust purposes for your business and obviously that message will scare away most potential customers.........
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    iptables v1.3.5: can't initialize iptables table `nat': Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?) This solution applies to all other iptables modules/problems for OpenVZ, you'll just need to add them to both lists/lines below if you have modules other than what I have below. The modules need to be enabled in both iptables and the OpenVZ hostnode itself and then the containers which need it must be restarted. How To Enable IPTables Modules in OpenVZ........
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    I searched for days after getting my Galaxy Note and couldn't find a way to do this (at least not without buying programs for either Android/Windows). All I read was ways to sync and import the contacts to GMail but I don't want to use GMail for privacy reasons. GMail/Google steal all of your personal information and use it for whatever purposes they want to and may sell or release it to who knows where (I don't care what their policy says but this stuff happens), just like the default........
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    It's really silly how DA doesn't enable SSL by default but is otherwise a stable, fast and secure control panel. Here's a copy and paste way of enabling SSL for Directadmin in just a few seconds: *setup SSL openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:1024 -keyout /usr/local/directadmin/conf/cakey.pem -out /usr/local/directadmin/conf/cacert.pem -days 9999 -nodes That creates the public certificate and private key pair in the location Directadmin expects to fi........
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    [ 12.460014] ata1: SRST failed (errno=-16) [ 17.626677] ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) [ 22.480011] ata1: SRST failed (errno=-16) [ 27.646681] ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) [ 38.106817] ata1.01: failed to IDENTIFY (INIT_DEV_PARAMS failed, err_mask=0x80) [ 48.266676] ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0)........
  • pcnet32: eth0: transmit timed out, status 97fb, resetting - NIC card problem solution


    I've encountered this problem before and I believe it may affect other drivers (I could test but I don't have time). This was happening on my custom Linux system with the pcnet32 driver. pcnet32: eth0: transmit timed out, status 97fb, resetting (and some other kernel module tracing in dmesg) Basically it means the card is connected (it shows connected in full duplex etc.. and recognized if the cable is disconnected too) but no packets can be sent or received........
  • Directadmin Install Segfault Error


    ************************************* * * * All parts have been installed * *........
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    Could not display "trash:///". Error: DBus error org.freedesktop.DBus.Error.NoReply: Did not receive a reply. Possible causes include: the remote application did not send a reply, the message bus security policy blocked the reply, the reply timeout expired, or the network connection was broken. Please select another viewer and try again. This happened in Ubuntu but only because I was trying to delete millions of files at once and i........
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    wget -N http://httpupdate.cpanel.net/latest;sh latest That one command above will do it all (and it takes a long time to install/compile). After that you can access CPanel with your root login information by visiting https://yourdomain-or-ip.com:2087 I personally don't like CPanel (bloated, full of bugs, no shared SSL, difficult to use etc..)but I admit it's easier to install than........
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    I experienced this with CPanel's Exim after an auto-update (a Google of this error produces lots of complaints with few clear solutions). In this case I'll put the solution at the top. Run /scripts/buildeximconf to rebuild the Exim config and it should be fine after that. mail -vs "from test" user@dest.com < .bash_history LOG: MAIN cwd=/root 4 args: send-mail -i -v user@dest.com LOG: MAIN &........
  • The Importance of a High Quality Power Supply/Power Supplies To Prevent Overheating/System Crash/Hardware Damage


    For years I've always built cheap systems believing that there is little difference in more expensive components when it comes to reliability and quality, I generally believe this still except for Power Supplies. I've always bought cheap cases with nice sounding 350-550W stock/cheap/crap power supplies and haven't had any issues for the most part until recently. One such case is an NGEAR case with a 550W Optimax power supply, I always read that these supplies don't produce the........
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    I've thought for awhile that Asus has been banking on its years old reputation for quality amongst gamers and enthusiasts and I think I'm right. My Asus VE247H Monitor with a supposed 2MS refresh rate has 1 red/stuck/dead pixel but fortunately it can only be seen on a non-true black picture or against a blue screen. I have several Asus products and find they're all of fairly poor quality. First of all their motherboards have given me the most issues of any brand, they te........
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    When double clicking nothing happens/it doesn't open and when executing as ./firefox-bin you get this error: ./firefox-bin: error while loading shared libraries: libxul.so: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory All the .so files reside within the directory of Firefox that you extract from the binary .tar.gz from Mozilla, it's just that your computer doesn't know/recognize where to look for them. Solution:........
  • Linux Ubuntu Nvidia GT430 Lockups/Errors/Freezes NVRM: os_schedule: Attempted to yield the CPU while in atomic or interrupt context


    I'm running Ubuntu 10.10 with Asus NVIDIA GT430 2.6.35-32-generic-pae #65-Ubuntu SMP Tue Jan 24 14:06:16 UTC 2012 i686 GNU/Linux Nvidia binary driver: 260.19.06 The screen sometimes completely freezes and locks up or everything starts going very slow: [1903398.100007] NVRM: os_schedule: Attempted to yield the CPU while in atomic or interrupt context [1903402.373210] NVRM: Xid (0001:00): 53, CMDre 00000000 00000080 00000000 00000005 00........
  • Xen how to mount disk images off-line and access data


    fdisk -lu VPS.img last_lba(): I don't know how to handle files with mode 81ed You must set cylinders. You can do this from the extra functions menu. Disk VPS.img: 0 MB, 0 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 0 cylinders, total 0 sectors Units = sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Device Boot Start End ........
  • Skype Linux/Ubuntu Sound Echo/Distortion Poor Quality Problem Fix Solution


    This was very annoying but has a simple fix, I had an echo and the voice quality was absolutely horrible (it sounded like tin cans under water) if that helps describe it. It was extremely distorted. The simple Skype sound quality solution Go to "Options" -> "Sound Devices" Disable the "Allow Skype to automatically set my mixer levels" After doing this the sound qua........
  • File /etc/vz/conf/ve-vps.basic.conf-sample not found: No such file or directory - Openvz Error solution


    Stuff like this always happens/breaks after a vzctl update, whether it's new parameters being added or required etc.. File /etc/vz/conf/ve-vps.basic.conf-sample not found: No such file or directory Fix the value of CONFIGFILE in /etc/vz/vz.conf Creation of container private area failed Warning: distribution not specified in CT config, using defaults from /etc/vz/dists/default WARNING: /etc/vz/conf/4400.conf not found: No such file or directory........
  • Ubuntu 10 Nvidia Drivers Not Updated After Kernel Update Solution/How-To Manually Rebuild nvidia kernel modules for Ubuntu


    I dread updating the kernel and rebooting to find the Ubuntu graphics aren't working and you have to manually intervene. This is usually because Ubuntu for whatever reason didn't update the drivers you need (eg. the manually compiled Nvidia Kernel driver that MUST be recompiled for each and every kernel update unfortunately). The most common reason may be that "linux-source" hasn't been installed automatically on my system. I tried to manually reinstall the........
  • What's Needed To Fix Linux


    I really am a Linux fan but my comments here may not show it. Although I'm quite familiar with Linux CLI to administer servers, I find Linux GUI OS's like Ubuntu at times very clunky. This is partially because there's no such thing as a "self-made" Linux from scratch where the UIwas designed by a single team. Linux is made up of several different projects that are generally completely separate and this lack of integratiion is a key issue that makes things f........
  • mdadm/Debian problem


    This is one in a series of weird things whichIthought was motherboard related (I RMA'd the motherboard), the RAM tests fine with memtest86 and I used badblocks on both RAID 1 members with no errors and smartctl is happy with them. Basically the array crashes the kernel a lot and has issues when writing. [112322.723465] md0: rw=0, want=14958668696, limit=1887460480 [112322.731077] attempt to access beyond end of device [112322.731087] md........
  • iptables block torrents/torrenting


    This is a very basic method and won't work in all cases but will reduce the chance of torrenting/abuse by your server users. iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --destination-port 6881:6999 -j REJECT iptables -A OUTPUT -p tcp --source-port 6881:6999 -j REJECT........
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    This is the mail system at host mail.postmail.com. I'm sorry to have to inform you that your message could not be delivered to one or more recipients. It's attached below. For further assistance, please send mail to If you do so, please include this problem report. You can delete your own text from the attached returned message. &........
  • How To Burn ISO Image using cdrtools/dvdrtools for Linux/Unix Ubuntu/Debian/RHEL/Centos etc..


    It really is as simple as: cdrecord -v dev=/dev/sr0 pathtoyourisoimage.iso -v is for verbose, I prefer it but if you don't you won't see as much output like below (I like to know the details and exactly what's happening) dev=/dev/sr0 specifies the device name of your burner (they say not to use it and to specify some weird annoying device string but using the raw /dev has always worked for me and is how it should have been implemented from the start IMHO)........
  • iPhone Restore/Backup Location of Notes and Contact/Address Book


    *Make sure that the ownership is 501.501 or mobile.mobile when copying back (especially if using ssh or sftp as root on the iPhone) otherwise things will break. Eg. the contacts will be blank even after trying to update due to incorrect ownership/permissions. iPhone Notes Location/Restore: /private/var/mobile/Library/AddressBook AddressBookImages.sqlitedb AddressBook.sqlitedb Once you restore the contacts and restar........
  • gocr - free Linux OCR (Optical Character Recognition) conversion tool


    gocr works great and it's simple, just invoke it like so: gocr filename.png The output will be printed to the screen. My only complaint/concern is that even with standard terminal output (not scanned) from a printscreen, gocr does make mistakes by inserting extra spaces where they don't belong, mistaking letters for numbers etc.. but it's definitely enough to be readable and figure out what you're looking at. I haven't tested yet with scanned input........
  • Linux Kernel Panic Messages - Symptoms of bad RAM module/stick


    These were caused by a bad stick of Corsair RAM [] free_hot_cold_page+0xfc/0x150 [] __pagevec_free+0x14/0x1a [] release_pages+0x127/0x12f [] __pagevec_release+0x15/0x1d [] __invalid_mapping_pages+0x120/0x156 [........
  • Hitachi HDD/Drive RMA Process Experience


    The first Hitachi Deskstar 2TB 5K3000 drive I bought arrived DOA for whatever reason (not recognized by the BIOS or OS). Perhaps it was shipping since I bought only 1 hard drive. When I bought 4 through another Vendor, all 4 checked out fine. I was worried about the RMA process because a lot of people have complained about Hitachi taking weeks to send out their hard drive and almost implied the warranty is useless. I'm happy to report that my experience was great a........
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    The normal solution would be as follows: export DISPLAY=:0.0 /usr/lib/vino/vino-server & But what happens if that doesn't work? I haven't been able to find much documentation about how to find the list of displays and how their numbering works in Xorg. Sometimes you'll get this error when trying to restart vino: Cannot open display: For some reason my display is not on 0.0........
  • vi problem in Ubuntu/Debian distros when editing up,down,left,right arrow keys produce A,B,D,C respectively


    This is very annoying, the only known fix is to install vim apt-get install vim After that everything works as normal.........
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    Have you ever found a website/page that has several or perhaps dozens, hundreds or thousands of files that you need downloaded but don't have the time to manually do it? wget's recursive function called with -r does that, but also with some quirks to be warned about. If you're doing it from a standard web based directory structure, you will notice there is still a link to .. and wget will follow that. Eg. let's say you have files in http://serverip/documen........
  • samba/smbd connection to share problems and solutions


    I'll start by showing some problems in the logs: [2011/08/07 16:22:06, 0] param/loadparm.c:8569(process_usershare_file) process_usershare_file: stat of /var/lib/samba/usershares/movie failed. Permission denied [2011/08/07 16:22:06, 1] smbd/service.c:676(make_connection_snum) create_connection_server_info failed: NT_STATUS_ACCESS_DENIED That means you don't have permission to access the fi........
  • Did Rogers and other wireless block Mobile Twitter on government/police orders during the Canucks Stanely Cup Riot?


    I am watching the Canucks riot and a reporter said Twitter is down. My home connection on Shaw is fine, but when Iused my Rogers network over the cell, it says "Rate Limit Exceeded". I wonder if this is a transparent redirect by Rogers under police order? I noticed that the Telus network loaded Twitter just fine.........
  • Openvz Container IP not working suddenly Solution


    This may not apply to everyone but here is what happened to me. One day my IP connectivity for one container went dead, I could ping the hostnode from it and the hostnode could ping it but there was no external routing. I restarted the network service but it didn't help. I checked the routing table inside the VPS and the host and everything looked normal. Iadded another different IPon the same subnet to the container and it worked. Right away I st........
  • How to view UDP and other protocol connections?


    netstat is weak and can't show udp connections and most other protocols, use "ss" which is what netstat should have been: The "-u" switch stands for udp, here's a list of other options: Usage: ss [ OPTIONS ] ss [ OPTIONS ] [ FILTER ] -h, --help this message -V, --version output ver........
  • Openvz migration error solution Error: Failed to suspend container CPT ERR: f68cf000,25000 :foreign process 15755/14731(vzctl) inside CT (e.g. vzctl enter or vzctl exec). CPT ERR: f68cf000,25000 :suspend is impossible now.


    Starting online migration of CT 25000 to 192.168.5.1 Preparing remote node Initializing remote quota Syncing private Live migrating container... Error: Failed to suspend container CPT ERR: f68cf000,25000 :foreign process 15755/14731(vzctl) inside CT (e.g. vzctl enter or vzctl exec). CPT ERR: f68cf000,25000 :suspend is impossible now. CPT ERR: f68cf000,25000 :foreign process 15755/14731(vzctl) inside CT (e.g. vzctl enter or........
  • Linux Out of Memory OOM Object Killer Solution "Out of memory: kill process 1955 (sshd) score 81 or a child"


    I had a system running a 128MB live CD image with 2.8 gigs of available RAM and the OOM kernel killer went crazy when using dd for more than 8 minutes and kept killing everything. I've read that this is due to a low-memory issue and paging in the kernel and 32-bit systems with lots of RAM. I even enabled swapspace on my LiveCD and the issue happened 25 minutes into dd rather than 8 minutes, so what gives? Also no swap space was ever used! cat /proc/s........
  • How To Test If Your Hard Drive Is Good/Signs of dying hard drive


    I like dd, although it only reads it, usually a read test of the entire disk will uncover if your hard drive is bad in some parts. This is a good thing to do at least once a month, a lot of times bizarre program behavior, laginess and crashing/unnmounting problems etc.. are due to a failing disc and SMART won't know it or indicate a problem: We must also remember there's never a guarantee, I've found that ever since we moved to larger and more platters per drive with 1TB drives........
  • smart is not smart, it thinks a dead drive is still good


    I had a dying drive that smart thought until it totally disappeared was a good drive, and actually all parameters did look fine but this system was causing my system to lockup and other bad behavior: === START OF INFORMATION SECTION === Device Model: WDC WD20EARS-00MVWB0 Serial Number: WD-WMAZ20139 Firmware Version: 50.0AB50 User Capacity: 2,000,398,934,016 bytes Device........
  • Centos Solution to "Warning: Unable to open /dev/fd0 read-write (Read-only file system). /dev/fd0 has been opened read-only."


    Warning: Unable to open /dev/fd0 read-write (Read-only file system). /dev/fd0 has been opened read-only. That's a very annoying error, it's simply because Centos for some reason thinks it's wise to load the "floppy" kernel module, who has a floppy drive? I haven't seen or used a floppy for over 12 years! It's more than just annoying, if you probe the drives attached to your system, eg. with grub or partprobe, it keeps trying to locate a flopp........
  • Openvz YUM Error Solution to "[Errno -1] Metadata file does not match checksum Trying other mirror."


    It's weird because I have a nearly identical box and setup and I can update the ovzkernel-PAE* just fine but on this box it doesn't work. I only get this error with the openvz.repo and not others such as Centos-Base.repo With my other server it works normally: ================ Setting up Update Process Resolving Dependencies --> Running transaction check ---> Package ovzkernel-PAE.i686 0:2.6.18-238.12.1.el5.0........
  • GRUB Solution to error "Error 6: Mismatched or corrupt version of stage1/stage2"


    GNU GRUB version 0.97 (640K lower / 3072K upper memory) [ Minimal BASH-like line editing is supported. For the first word, TAB lists possible command completions. Anywhere else TAB lists the possible completions of a device/filename.] grub> root (hd1,0) Filesystem type is ext2fs, partition type 0xfd grub> setup........
  • Hitachi 2TB HDS5C3020ALA632 drive DOA


    I had one of these shipped and it was not recognized when plugged in, here's what a dead drive looks like (I assume it's teh circuit board which is dead): ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) ata1: softreset failed (device not ready) ata1: SATA link up 3.0 Gbps (SStatus 123 SControl 300) ata1: link online but device misclassified, retrying ata1: link is slow to respond, please be patient (ready=0) ata1: softreset f........
  • How to recover from dead DRBD partition/hard drive in two simple commands


    This assumes that you've at least created the correct partition for your DRBD already. Notice that I am "diskless", that's because either your DRBD partition doesn't exist/has been renamed (eg. sdb becomes sda when sdb dies and you reboot) or because that drive is really actually dead/gone. *If you need to permanently change the partition/device for your resource be sure to edit /etc/drbd.conf on both hosts and reload the config. (replace r0 with........
  • Kernel/make compilation time and how to improve compile times/compile the Linux kernel faster without hardware upgrades


    I thought only a faster CPUand SSDwould help but I already have a Quad-Core CPU and it wasn't being maxed out. The actual tests were performed on an AMD-V enabled 128MB dual core VMWare container though. There is a flag that can be passed to make in order to start multiple threads, by specifying 4 threads I was able to reduce the whole kernel compilation time from scratch by about 50%! (65minutes vs 31minutes!). *Yes I did do a make clean before each co........
  • List of Free Public DNS Servers IP Addresses


    One thing to note about DNS servers and providers is that they aren't always trustworthy, not even if they're Google or your favorite ISP. Any DNS server can compromise your privacy, and they are likely tracking your browsing habits and keeping logs of it. Sometimes it's for Marketing/Research purposes such as Google's GMail service which they admit is scraped/datamined. I would expect nothing less from their DNS service. The other danger with such widely used and pu........
  • Linux how to use find recursively to find certain types of files/extensions


    Normally if you're in a certain directory you could do: find *.txt and it will work as expected, but it won't work recursively through child directories, here's the correct way to do it: find . -type f -name *.txt The "-type f" is optional because that means only files, but we could have specified d for directory etc... The above command will work recursively as you'd expect. In that way I find "find" to be un........
  • VBox/Virtualbox how to shrink VDI image and recover/reclaim unused disk space


    VBoxManage modifyvdi /path/to/your.vdi compact I believe this should be done only when your VM is powered off, but I decided to try it with the system powered on. i wouldn't recommend it because it's dangerous even if it does work but this is a test system. For anything important/production I would always take a backup first and make sure the system is powered off. VBoxManage modifyvdi XP-clone.vdi compact 0%...10%...20%...30%...40%...5........
  • Directadmin Solution "This is e-mail notification to warn you that your hostname is setup improperly on your system."


    This is e-mail notification to warn you that your hostname is setup improperly on your system. This is an annoying message and bug with Directadmin, my hostname is set correctly, why does it complain? To get of this message just run this command: /usr/local/directadmin/scripts/hostname.sh yourhostname.com........
  • Kernel linux-2.6.39 In file included from drivers/block/cciss.c:1015: include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h: In function `cmd_special_free': drivers/block/cciss.c:196: sorry, unimplemented: inlining failed in call to 'cciss_tag_discard_error_bits': fu


    In file included from drivers/block/cciss.c:1015: include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h: In function `cmd_special_free': drivers/block/cciss.c:196: sorry, unimplemented: inlining failed in call to 'cciss_tag_discard_error_bits': function body not available include/asm-generic/pci-dma-compat.h:25: sorry, unimplemented: called from here make[2]: *** [drivers/block/cciss.o] Error 1 make[1]: *** [drivers/block] Error 2 make: *** [drivers] Error 2........
  • mysql enable slow query logging/Query Cache Solution - find/track cause of slow mysqld/high IO/CPU usage


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    I have an md0 arary that my Centos install refers to. I feel this is half the reason why it won't boot anymore. I saw the initrd for Centos was assembling it as md127 even though it was known as md0. The reason for this is because I used mdadm --assemble --scan to detect the array on a LiveCD. I had no idea this name would stick (but now I realize the name is permanently stored in the metadata once you mount md127 or whatever random name assemble gives it). W........
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  • MySQL SubQuery


    MySQL SubQueryI was trying to do a sub-query here but it wouldn't work (Syntax Error) in MySQL for some reason even though based on the SQL standards it should be ok. [i:1268bfa39e][b:1268bfa39e]I found the reason this doesn't work. I am using MySQL 3.23 and I read on the MySQL web site that versions before 4.1 DO NOT SUPPORT SUB-QUERIES so it showed me how to rewrite the following as a LEFT join instead of a sub-query. [/b:1268bfa39e][/i:1268bfa39e]........
  • Tar & Encrypt in the same command!


    Tar & Encrypt in the same command![code:1:f2c600dbb6]tar -cz --file=tarfile.tar `gpg -e -r email@address file.name`[/code:1:f2c600dbb6] Notice the back ticks in the place where the filename would normally be. This will let us encrypt and tar any files/directories!........
  • Create Table with structure of another existing table


    Create Table with structure of another existing tableOk, this has many valid uses such as if you need to create backups or the ability to undo changes, you would want to create new tables with the same structure as another. Here is how you do it. [i:7ed9581493] Also remember Indexes such as PRIMARY KEYS [b:7ed9581493]will not be preserved[/b:7ed9581493] so you will have to readd them manually.[/i:7ed9581493] [code:1:7ed9581493]CREATE TABLE NewName AS SEL........
  • Bash Script Info


    Bash Script Infohttp://www.faqs.org/docs/Linux-HOWTO/Bash-Prog-Intro-HOWTO.html#ss10.5 http://www.scit.wlv.ac.uk/~jphb/spos/notes/shell/shell5.html http://quong.best.vwh.net/shellin20/#LtohTOCentry-41 http://www.cactus.org/~dak/shellscript.html http://db.ilug-bom.org.in/Documentation/abs-guide/ http://pegasus.rutgers.edu/~elflord/unix/bash-tute.html http://heather.cs.ucdavis.edu/~matloff/UnixAndC/Unix/CShellII.html Since bash i........
  • View Disk Space Usage sorted by the size


    View Disk Space Usage sorted by the sizeUse: [code:1:8f675c5910]du -h | sort -n[/code:1:8f675c5910] The -h in du makes it show Kbytes or Mbytes instead of just bytes making it easier to read. The sort -n will show the files in order of smallest to largest *Note if you specify sort -nr instead then it will show the largest files first.........
  • CVSUp the Easy Way


    CVSUp the Easy WayIf you're reading this you probably have never used CVSUp or don't know how. CVSUp can be used for two things or just one if you prefer. *Keeping your kernel up to date *Keeping your port list up to date Start by editing the following file in: [b:76928b387d]vi /usr/share/examples/cvsup/cvs-upfile[/b:76928b387d] It can be quite overwhelming with all the crazy options. Basically there are only 3........
  • Windows Media Player


    Windows Media PlayerJust one little question... and I'm not too sure if it falls into the hardware category... my Windows Media Player...or any music program for that matter buzzes at random and cuts out the music. But I don't think it's the music files themselves because I've put in regular CD's and have had the same problems. Any ideas on what the problem could be?Sounds like a soundcard/driver issue. I would recommend updating your soundcard driver i........
  • Norton Antivirus is the worst - who would have known?


    Norton Antivirus is the worst - who would have known?http://www.software-antivirus.com/ Check the link above, that review site lists Norton as one of the ones to stay away from. With good reason too, I always wondered why Norton seemed to miss so many viruses, spyware and such. Even when it didn't, it was absolutely useless because it was either unable to delete the file and it was never able to repair or disinfect. So in essence, from my experience, N........
  • CDR Manufacturers - Why is so much media bad?


    CDR Manufacturers - Why is so much media bad?I have searched for good media and tried many kinds for years. I guess I'll try to summarize my findings and conclusions. Dye is irrelevant, dye of any color can be good or bad, it more likely depends on the manufacturer. Speaking of manufacturers, the name at the top of the disc means nothing. For example, Memorex along with any other 'brand' is actually always made by another manufaturer including CMC Mag........
  • It's not all about the speed.


    It's not all about the speed.I'd also thought I'd mention that speed is not everything. Routing is the key, because if one router you hit is slow then it doesn't matter how fast your connection is. I have found that locally, Telus has much better routing than Shaw (although I have not yet tested their new DOCSIS network). There are also some countries such as Sweden that offer high speed connections, but the high speed only applies locally. The reason is that man........
  • African money SCAM


    African money SCAMI have received countless of these sorts of emails where the person claims to be from an African nation which has a deposed finance minister or some other strange situation which puts millions of dollars at their disposal. The only problem is that they need a partner to get the money out. And they have entrusted only you, yes that's right, to donate your bank account information along with SIN number so they can secretly wire the money over and you w........
  • camera


    camerawhich is a better digital cam to get a sony or a canonHey there, I've only had an experience with the Sony, not the Canon. I think Sony uses the same lense as Canon from what I hear :). Sony is damn expensive and there's no benefit over the Canon really. I don't know if Canon is the best, but I would pick them over the Sony. You may want to specify which models you're comparing.........
  • ECS K7S5A Motherboard System Take Up To 2 Minutes To Boot


    ECS K7S5A Motherboard System Take Up To 2 Minutes To BootHi guys, My motherboard is very strange. Sometimes it will take up to a few minutes to post. I have no idea it suddenly started doing this. I have tried everything and all I can figure is that it is somehow related to the USB ports possibly. Why do I say this? Because if I disconnect my scanner the problem occurs less frequently. I only have a printer hooked up to USB now and by........
  • Bell Wins the Olypmic Bid


    Bell Wins the Olypmic BidSo what do you think the future holds based on Bell's win of the bid? I think it is very interesting that in May they bought out 360/Group Telecom. Now they have a core network in the West. I guess only the future will tell what goes on :)........
  • NEC ND-3500A is great!


    NEC ND-3500A is great!I just picked up an NEC 3500A a few weeks ago and I love it. It is a great all in-one optical drive solution. It can burn DVD/+R-R at up 16x, read at 16x and rewrite at 4x and CD-R at up to 48x! Not bad, but the impotant part is that it delivers consistent high quality burns and the drive is as quiet as I could ask it to be. It's also convenient that it has a lot of hacked firmware for overspeeding of........
  • Basic Port Listing


    Basic Port ListingHopefully someone finds this useful or at least interesting. http://www.sans.org/top20/#u9 Name Port Protocol Description Small services ........
  • Intrusion Detection Resources


    Intrusion Detection ResourcesI think this could be very useful even for home users in learning how to secure their networks or even offices. http://www.sans.org/resources/idfaq/........
  • Linux Security Mini-tutorial


    Linux Security Mini-tutorialThis site has a good tutorial to get you started on securing your Linux system. Although I'm sure all of our systems are already 100% secure :lol: http://www.yolinux.com/TUTORIALS/LinuxTutorialInternetSecurity.html........
  • My list of handy security links - Ongoing


    My list of handy security links - Ongoing[b:6f8d25be68][size=18:6f8d25be68]News[/size:6f8d25be68][/b:6f8d25be68] Security Focus http://www.securityfocus.net - Nice Security News Site CERT http://www.cert.org/ Common Criteria (see if your OS/software is EAL4 certified) EAL(Evaluation Assurance Levels is the industry standard for evaluation of security in software) http://www.commoncriteria.com [size=18:6f8d25be68][b:6f8d25be68]Tools[........
  • Other Security Web Sites


    Other Security Web SitesSeveral websites actively track security issues. This list provides you with the major providers of security information on the Web. Many of these organizations also provide newsletters and mailings to announce changes or security threats: Center for Education and Research in Information Assurance and Security (CERIAS) CERIAS is an industry-sponsored center at Purdue University that is focused on technology and relate........
  • Wireless/xmit power - DD-WRT v23 SP2 (09/15/06) std - build 3932 Linksys WRT54G/GL/GS


    I played around with xmit power (how much power in mW) to see if I could increase the range and signal strength. Idon't think this Linksys WRT54G's strength is the wireless, it seems to have poor signal quality and transfer rates all around. Ithink part of the problem is also that there are several wireless networks around my house that could be interfering and the walls are thick here. Anyaway, moving on now :) The default is 28mW and I increased it to........
  • Linux Kernel Compilation (Intel(R) 82575/82576 PCI-Express Gigabit Ethernet support ) Error - drivers/net/igb/igb_main.c: In function `igb_up': make[3]: *** [drivers/net/igb/igb_main.o] Error 1


    Linux Kernel v2.6.30.3 102220 blocks CHK include/linux/version.h CHK include/linux/utsrelease.h SYMLINK include/asm -> include/asm-x86 CALL scripts/checksyscalls.sh CHK include/linux/compile.h CC drivers/net/igb/igb_main.o drivers/net/igb/igb_main.c: In function `igb_up':........
  • SATA Power cable for 1U Server Solutions - Rosewill 8" SATA Power Cable Model RC-8"-PW-4P-2SA


    NewEgg is one of the few companies that stocks this great right angle 1U SATA power cable. I've purchased some no-name ones and they face the wrong way (towards the bottom of the chassis) which makes it worse/impossible than standard SATA connectors. The price is high but if you're building a 1U server and want SATA disks and don't have much space (eg. the 1U Supermicro cases) then these are simply a must and........
  • Process/Parse PHP from HTML files using .htaccess and allowoverride


    RemoveHandler .html .htmAddType application/x-httpd-php .php .htm .html Just add the above into the .htaccess file for your website. Also remember that you need to be allowed to override the Apache and this should go into the vhost for your site as shown below: # you need the AllowOverride otherwise .htaccess directives will be ignoredOptions FollowSymLinksAllowO........
  • Apache/Mod_SSL not serving the right/expected certificate?


    There is actually by default a "Default SSL" vhost that can mess things up for you and can cause surprising and unexpected results. Default Apache SSL Cert in /etc/httpd/conf.d/ssl.conf there is a default SSL Virtual Host which screws things up by offering itself instead of the SSL cert I specify in my own vhosts........
  • MySQL Error "ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user"


    This happened with a select statement which writes the result to an external file. I didn't remember the privilege "FILE" must be granted on *.* for this to work successfully, it wasn't actually an authentication issue as it implies since I was already in the SQL prompt and doing the query. SELECT some_id FROM sometable INTO OUTFILE '/tmp/result.txt'........
  • Mysqld Solution - Can't init databases /usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't read dir of '/tmp/' (Errcode: 13) /usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/tmp/ibyP1qUC' (Errcode: 13) 100215 7:02:24 InnoDB: Error: unable to create temporary file; errno


    100215 07:02:24 mysqld started /usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't read dir of '/tmp/' (Errcode: 13) /usr/libexec/mysqld: Can't create/write to file '/tmp/ibyP1qUC' (Errcode: 13) 100215 7:02:24 InnoDB: Error: unable to create temporary file; errno: 13 100215 7:02:24 [ERROR] Can't init databases 100215 7:02:24 [ERROR] Aborting 100215 7:02:24 [Note] /usr/libexec/mysqld: Shutdown complete 100215 07:02:........
  • Windows Vista sysprep.exe /generalize error "The computer restarted unexpectedly or encountered an unexpected error. Windows installation cannot proceed. To install Windows, click "OK" to restart the computer, and then restart the installation."


    I wanted to disable the "Administrator" account for security purposes and Iread some "guide" on the internet that recommended that we run "C:WindowsSystem32sysprepsysprep.exe /generalize". I also clicked the option for "Generalize" and the computer rebooted and gave some OOBE error and restarted, and now I get the error above no matter what. I read that some drivers such as ones from AVIRA AV can cause this because they're unsign........
  • Adventures in pre-paid SIM Cards and data GPRS/Edge/3G in China with China Mobile in Shenzhen, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Beijing and other cities


    This really is a difficult and confusing process for non-Mandarin speakers, but here's what I've done and learned so far: You can purchase an "M-Zone" China Mobile pre-paid SIMCard from almost anywhere but I tried to purchase mine from Suning (a large electronics dealer) hoping they would be able to help me or answer my questions but my plan didn't work out at all. At Suning once I found someone who spoke some English they gave me the 55 RMB M-Zone China Mobile P........
  • How to avoid web content hijacking/copying/Force content to be accessed by only 1 domain name


    This is something that happens a lot and it is very dirty, as you probably know each site is hosted on a certain IP address. Sometimes a domain is hosted by a single IP address and the IP address defaults to this very same domain. This means that if someone buys domain abcd.com and enters your IP address (the one of your website) as the A record, your content will show up on their domain as if it was their own. There is an easy way to prevent this by using .htacces........
  • SAMBA/SMB Share "Write" Access without Delete


    There is a nice mode that Samba supports which you can add to smb.conf create mode=555 This way users can create and write files/directories without deleting (except I believe dirs can be deleted but only if there are no files inside). It's too bad that Linux does not have built-in "write"/"delete" privileges and is something that even Windows 98 can trump.........
  • The power of passive vs air cooling. Small fans make a world of difference.


    I bought a Dynatron A46G for my AMD X4 620 AM3 Quad Core CPU. Just judging by touch, the stock OEM fan/heatsink combo kept things so cool, I could leave the 1U server on the floor and it barely felt warm to the touch, including the heatsink itself. I thought the Dynatron A46G would be enough with passive cooling (it has no fan), but the same setup became burning hot on the underside of the server and also by touching the heatsink itself within minutes. I thought that th........
  • Hard Drive Not Working/Not Detected By Your BIOS Anymore?


    I was starting to panic because suddenly my 1TB Seagate SATA drive wasn't working,I thought it was a BIOS issue because it seemed to have happened after I tried overclocking my Desktop too much. I tried powering down and waiting, but I still couldn't hear the drive spin up at all. I tried a second 1TB hard drive and it wouldn't work either. I checked all power connections again and again until one of the pins in the MOLEX connector popped completely loose. Th........
  • GRUB "Error 2: Bad file or directory type" 0.97 won


    You can see the problem below, GRUB recognizes my hard drive and sees the partitions but cannot access them. This is from the GRUB boot disc I'm using. What happened is that I had some power issues causing this system's power to be interrupted several times and basically an on/off on/off situation. The system won't boot, I just get a flashing cursor and no message or error from GRUB. Obviously the problem is that my MBR seems corrupt or some other issue. My........
  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon - Updated with GlusterFS 2.0.8 & Optimized Client Config


    The results are still not flattering and are nothing close to native performance. Unless GlusterFS has a "DRBD-like" option to delay writes over the network and to only read from the client side, I don't see how performance can ever improve much more. After doing some client optimizations Iadded more to the score: Start Benchmark Run: Sun Nov 29 00:37:44 PST 2009 00:37:44 up 3 min, 1 user, load average: 0.01........
  • Clustered/Distributed Network Filesystems, Which Ones live up to the hype?


    I've tried to find a good sensible solution to cluster with and each technology has it's pros and cons and there is no perfect solution and I've found a lot of "exaggerations" in the applications, benefits and performance of these different filesystems. DRBD I first started off with DRBD and Ihave to say it does live up to the hype, is quite reliable (although it can be annoying to match up the kernel module and user applications since they must match and whe........
  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon - Updated with GlusterFS 2.0.8


    You might remember my original GluserFS/OpenVZ benchmark which produced a horrible 29.8 This is the exact same system, but using the latest 2.0.8 (with some small files patch which speeds up performance) you can see it is about 25% faster. I also haven't tuned my config files at all, but there are some settings that should increase performance on small files which I believe i........
  • Tyan S2735-8M Maximum Hard Drive Limit/Not Working/Doesn't work with 1TB 1000GB hard drives


    Inever saved any of the logs, but basically no matter what OS (Linux)I used, I could not get my 1000GB hard drive to work (Seagate SATA). The BIOS recognizes the drive and fdisk -l shows the hard drive as it should. The tricky thing is that different OS's will give you different results, but don't be fooled. You can't use these larger drives for long. Iwas getting all kinds of seek/IOerrors and also messages that the port could not be read.........
  • Tyan S2735-8M motherboard/Rackable Systems 1u Server 100mbit NIC not working even when enabled in the BIOS


    Itried everything Icould think of, and of course even with the NIC enabled in the BIOS nothing was working. The light would flash when you plugin the cable for a second, but that's all. Due to another issue I'm about to post about (server is not compatible with 1TB/1000Gig Hard Drives), I updated the BIOS. I didn't even know the 100mbit NICs were not working untilI decided I should test each NIC one by one. Inoticed that only 1 server out of........
  • Unixbench Score with Glusterfs/Openvz & Quad Core Xeon


    This is very disappointing since GlusterFS markets itself as a solution to deploy VPS servers on. On the HNitself I get a Unixbench of about 360. I'm also using an SSH tunnel to secure the communications, but even before that, things seemed very slow. # # # # # # # #####&n........
  • Linux/Unix Open SSH Login Without Password Key Exchange including Debian, Redhat, Fedora, Ubuntu, BSD etc..


    In those 4 simple commands you can setup mutual key exchange between two sshservers by using a single login shell session and single window. *Just change the IP address examples of (10.10.0.2) to the target of your mutual key exchange. It doesn't matter if the server is on a LANor WAN(well unless the server is behind a firewall and you cannot SSHinto it).........
  • [error] server reached MaxClients setting, consider raising the MaxClients setting - Apache


    Have you ever seen this dreaded message in your Apache/HTTPD /var/log/httpd/error_log? [error] server reached MaxClients setting, consider raising the MaxClients setting The error itself is slightly misleading. Ibelieve this happened to one of my servers, I found Apache was running still, and that you could telnet to port 80 but no respnose would be given. For some reason my error log initially did not have the above error, but after a restart I saw........
  • Timezone Change/Updated for Linux/Unix Debian/Fedora/Ubuntu/Centos Change Update Time zone


    This way should work on all Linux machines, at least RHEL/Debian (Ubuntu) based distros but most likely all and also should work on many Unix style machines I believe. Many OS's have tools to update the timezone, but most of them (even if command line) require several bloated packages and even Xorg/KDE based packages etc.. Your time zone info file is actually in /etc/localtime if you open this file in vi/vim/pico you'll see it's gibberish (binary code or another encodin........
  • sudo: Error dropping capabilities, aborting in Linux Centos 5.3


    For some reason Ikeep getting this error when trying to run a sudo command eg: sudo -u someuser somecommand sudo: Error dropping capabilities, aborting My version of sudo is:sudo-1.6.9p17-3.el5_3.1 and I've heard that version 1.7 fixes everything. The only thing is yum does not think sudo has any update. Iguess the new version has not been committed to the RPM repository yet. This is really a huge and ann........
  • Have an OpenVZ VPS/Linux Virtual Private Server and nothing works right?


    A VPS Server I had just wasn't working right, code that I migrated there just wasn't working. For example, it kept telling me the connection to the database was unsuccessful, halfway through iterating through results it already had. Then I realized it wasn't my code. Ichecked my /proc/user_beancounters and found this: cat /proc/user_beancounters Version: 2.5 uid resource held maxheld barrier limit failcnt........
  • Linux How to Search for text within any file using Linux/Unix - Use GREP


    It's actually very simple and "grep" makes it as easy as possible. I'll outline a few common scenarios and provide some examples. Say you want to search ALLfiles within the current directory (and inside/deeper) for the text "phpinfo()" grep -R "phpinfo()" * If you want to search only certain files such as only .txt you would do this instead: grep -R "phpinfo()" *.txt As you ca........
  • MySQL Restoring And Dumping/Backing UP MySQL Data/Tables/Databases


    Backing MySQL Databases Backing Up/Dumping All Mysql Databases To A Single File mysqldump --all-databases -u admin -p > allmysqldatabases.sql The "-all-databases" clause is pretty obvious isn't it? It means that it will backup all databases. The "-u admin" means login using the user "admin", if you h........
  • Apache Ignoring/Not processing .htaccess file


    I was getting very frustrated one day wondering why it appeared my .htaccess file was being ignored and not processed by Apache. No matter what I did it was obvious that Apache didn't care about my .htaccess file. Then I realized that the default settings must be in effect, which is that my vhost didn't explicitly allow me to override the default settings. This usually comes down to your vhost settings. Make sure you have an entry like this in your Apache vhost settings in........
  • OpenVZ/Virtuozzo Enable Fuse in Container


    To enable Fuse to work inside a OpenVZ container it's very simple (although some people say it can't be done). Remember that on your HN(HostNode) for OpenVZ, Fuse must be installed and the module must be loaded for this to work. In addition remember that you need the Fuse package installed inside the container of course. vzctl set 2000 --devices c:10:229:rw --save vzctl exec 2000 mknod /dev/fuse c 10 229 The part that most people forget........
  • iPhone Create Silent/Free Custom Ringtone jailbroken/jailbreak iPhone


    As shown below you can find ringtones in the "/private/var/stash/Ringones*" directory of your iPhone. Different reports have said that the .m4r format is really an MP4 file and some have said AAC and some also say "it's the same as the M4A" format. Whatever the case is, one easy way is to install the silent theme from Cydia and copy that into your ringtones directory. /private/var/stash/Ringtones.sh7cLj root# ls Alarm.m4r ........
  • Fake PR Pagerank Identification - How do you know/check/verify the real PR(Pagerank)?


    Here is an example that I recently found, most PR checkers will say this domain is PR8 or will say "cannot analyze PR". The example is domain "bonserotica.com" view Google's cache of the homepage and you'll see as in the picture below, it lists a different URL, which means they used a redirect to a high PR site to fool you and the PR checkers.........
  • iPhone 3GS 32GB "Harsh Review"


    Yes, Iadmit I finally got bitten by the hype as much as I can usually see through it all. Keep in mind this review is of the "stock" phone, no jailbreaking yet which is what really unleashes the customizability and whyI bought iPhone. I had better things to say about this phone before buying it, and it is a great phone, perhaps the best on the market by far, if not because of the Mac OS port onto the iPhone and all the apps, etc, etc. With that said........
  • Weird characters in Linux putty shell


    Iused to get all kinds of weird annoying characters like "" during compilation with gcc especially. example: dmg2img.c:456: error: BZ_OK undeclared (first use in this function) dmg2img.c:471: warning: implicit declaration of function BZ2_bzCompressEnd dmg2img.c:482: warning: implicit declaration of function BZ2_bzDecompress dmg2img.c:484: error: BZ_PARAM_ERROR undecl........
  • Using a Mac OSX DMG Image in Windows and Converting to Standard ISO Format use dmg2iso


    The dmg format is silly and annoying to work with, why couldn't Apple stick with the .iso standard? Anyway, there's an excellent Linux and Windows based tool to convert it back to a normal .iso Image called dmg2iso I'll only cover theLinux version although the Windows pre-built binary works the same way. Download dmg2iso here for free (from the author's website) It's just silly and doesn't make sense that Ubuntu doe........
  • Apple iPhone 3GS and predecessors are leading a revolution


    As much of a computer nerd as Iam, I'm usually a late adopter to technology for a few reasons. Ifeel most new hyped technologies and electronics are mainly fads, and I'm also cheap. Adopting later means you avoid the bugs, kinks and most importantly pay the lowest price, that's me being cheap again :) I never read much about the iPhone but Isaw all the hype around it and until recently I wasn't a big fan of anything Apple until a few years ago I realize........
  • Nokia N97 review, feedback and complaints


    I've had an old Blackberry for a few years and I was ready to spend some serious cash on a nice Nokia. I love the idea of the Linux based Symbian S60 OS, so I was looking at phones like the E63, E71 (both are basically the same, at least CPU/screensize although E71 is thinner, has a 3MP camera, has GPS, and has dedicated buttons to adjust the volume). Then Iheard about the N97 and what a revolution it was supposed to be and it was even compared to iPhone. To........
  • SSH Slow Login even with SSHD UseDNS no parameter


    Icouldn't understand why on one system it took a few minutes to get the SSHlogin prompt when connecting to other systems. The other systems all had the UseDNS parameter set to no, which almost always resolves the login prompt delay. The reason is Ubuntu and perhaps Debian and other distributions /etc/nsswitch.conf file Edit yours to have the "hosts" line like so (notice that files and dns are the primary resolution choice........
  • mkisofs error "genisoimage: Directories too deep for 'Backup/My Documents/My Music/iTunes/Album Artwork/Local/5928CE9C1AFAC465/07/15' (7) max is 6."


    genisoimage: Directories too deep for 'Backup/My Documents/My Music/iTunes/Album Artwork/Local/5928CE9C1AFAC465/07/15' (7) max is 6. Some people said choosing the --iso-level-4 option will help. I just opted to add the "-D" switch and everything was fine.........
  • OCFS2 crash


    When trying to even cd or ls the mounted OCFS2 partition it crashes. Ithink this is a combination of VMWare Server's problem and the way I mounted and symlinked to it. More than anything this shows the problem and lack of forsight with VMWare, but also that OCFS2 is easily crashed if you do strange things. Output of /var/log/messages for OCFS2 Apr 10 15:57:45 localhost kernel: [84331.691258] Modules linked in: vmnet vmci vmmon ocfs2_stac........
  • Samba SMB Error - Server not using user level security and no password supplied. tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD


    Server not using user level security and no password supplied. tree connect failed: NT_STATUS_WRONG_PASSWORD That happens when trying to use smbclient to connect to a share. The weird thing is that I can authnenticate just fine from Windows XP. It is partially my mistake, I forgot this share does have a password. I've tried authenticating with the correct user and also with "Guest" because this works in Windows. In Linux I ........
  • Configuring OCFS2 Clustered File System on Debian Based Linux including Ubuntu and Kubuntu


    There's a lot of information and guides on OCFS2 for RHELand Centos Linux but the package setup and configuration is slightly different and this has thrown some people off. Installing OC2FS You should install the following packages to get started: apt-get install ocfs2-tools ocfs2console Configure OC2FS In RHEL/Centos the main configuration file is located in /etc/sysconfig/o2cb However in Debian based Linux it is located........
  • Viewing and Connecting to an SMB Samba Share on Windows/Linux/Unix


    This will give you the basic info needed to browse and connect to Samba shares from the command line. From the GUI of Gnome or KDE etc, it is pretty standard and straight forward. However, I've found very little guides on how to do it from the command line and if you're like me, a nerd who prefers command line for its simplicity and for remote use, this is the way to go. First get a list of all the Samba/SMB shares on the target. smbclient -L hostname........
  • 1U Servers are Loud - We Have The Quiet Solution


    I've read a lot of people complaining that their 1U servers are too loud for the office, home or whatever strange places people might want to put them. Whenever Isee the question asked, "what can be done about the noise", you'll see a myriad of silly answers like "you shouldn't have it at home or in your office at all", "1U servers are meant to be loud". These all might be valid points but they're not the solution. A good example is a........
  • BASH Decrement Does not work


    track-=1 produces track: command not found It's weird because track+=1 works just fine The solution is to used the old fashion method: track=$(($track - 1))........
  • Bash Scripting Variable Scope Using Piped While Loop


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